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Car insurance estimates for cars not yet owned

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Vehicle insurance (also known as car insurance, motor insurance or auto insurance) is insurance for cars, trucks, motorcycles, and other road vehicles. Its primary use is to provide financial protection against physical damage or bodily injury resulting from traffic collisions and against liability that could also arise there from. The specific terms of vehicle insurance vary with legal regulations in each region. To a lesser degree vehicle insurance may additionally offer financial protection against theft of the vehicle and possibly damage to the vehicle, sustained from things other than traffic collisions, such as keying and damage sustained by colliding with stationary objects.

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Public policies
    • 2.1 Australia
      • 2.1.1 Compulsory Third Party Insurance
    • 2.2 Canada
    • 2.3 Germany
    • 2.4 Hungary
    • 2.5 Indonesia
    • 2.6 India
    • 2.7 Ireland
    • 2.8 Italy
    • 2.9 New Zealand
    • 2.10 Norway
    • 2.11 Romania
    • 2.12 Russian Federation
    • 2.13 South Africa
    • 2.14 Spain
    • 2.15 United Arab Emirates
    • 2.16 United Kingdom
      • 2.16.1 Investigation into repair costs & fraudulent claims
    • 2.17 United States
  • 3 Coverage levels
  • 4 Excess
    • 4.1 Compulsory excess
    • 4.2 Voluntary excess
  • 5 Basis of premium charges
    • 5.1 Gender
    • 5.2 Age
    • 5.3 U.S. driving history
    • 5.4 Marital status
    • 5.5 Profession
    • 5.6 Vehicle classification
    • 5.7 Distance
      • 5.7.1 Reasonable distance estimation
      • 5.7.2 Odometer-based systems
      • 5.7.3 GPS-based system
      • 5.7.4 OBDII-based system
    • 5.8 Credit ratings
    • 5.9 Behavior-based insurance
  • 6 Repair insurance
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

History

Widespread use of the automobile began after the First World War in urban areas. Cars were relatively fast and dangerous by that stage, yet there was still no compulsory form of car insurance anywhere in the world. This meant that injured victims would seldom get any compensation in an accident, and drivers often faced considerable costs for damage to their car and property.

A compulsory car insurance scheme was first introduced in the United Kingdom with the Road Traffic Act 1930. This ensured that all vehicle owners and drivers had to be insured for their liability for injury or death to third parties whilst their vehicle was being used on a public road.[citation needed] Germany enacted similar legislation in 1939.

Public policies

In many jurisdictions it is compulsory to have vehicle insurance before using or keeping a motor vehicle on public roads. Most jurisdictions relate insurance to both the car and the driver, however the degree of each varies greatly.

Several jurisdictions have experimented with a "pay-as-you-drive" insurance plan which is paid through a gasoline tax (petrol tax). This would address issues of uninsured motorists and also charge based on the miles (kilometers) driven, which could theoretically increase the efficiency of the insurance, through streamlined collection.[1]

Australia

In Australia, Compulsory Third Party (CTP) insurance is a state-based scheme that covers only personal injury liability. Comprehensive and Third Party Property Damage insurance are sold separately.

  • Comprehensive insurance covers damage to third-party and the insured property and vehicle.
  • Third Party Property Damage insurance covers damage to third-party property and vehicles, but not the insured vehicle.
  • Third Party Property Damage with Fire and Theft insurance additionally covers the insured vehicle against fire and theft.

Compulsory Third Party Insurance

CTP insurance is linked to the registration of a vehicle. It is transferred when a vehicle already registered is sold. It covers the vehicle owner and any person who drives the vehicle against claims for liability in respect of the death or injury to people caused by the fault of the owner or driver, but not for damage. It covers the cost of all reasonable medical treatment for injuries received in the accident, loss of wages, cost of care services, and in some cases compensation for pain and suffering.

In New South Wales and the Northern Territory CTP insurance is compulsory; each vehicle must be insured when registered. A 'Greenslip,'[2] another name by which CTP insurance is commonly known due to the colour of the form, must be obtained through one of the five licensed insurers in New South Wales. Suncorp and Allianz both hold two licences to issue CTP Greenslips – Suncorp under the GIO and AAMI licences and Allianz under the Allianz and CIC/Allianz licences. The remaining three licences to issue CTP Greenslips are held by QBE, Zurich and Insurance Australia Limited (NRMA). APIA and Shannons and InsureMyRide insurance also supply CTP insurance licensed by GIO. In addition to the Greenslip, an additional car insurance can be purchased through insurers in Australia. This will cover claims that the standard CTP insurance cannot provide. This is known as a comprehensive car insurance.[citation needed]

A similar scheme applies in the Australian Capital Territory through AAMI, GIO and NRMA (IAL).

In Victoria, Third Party Personal insurance from the Transport Accident Commission is similarly included, through a levy, in the vehicle registration fee. A similar scheme exists in Tasmania through the Motor Accidents Insurance Board.

In Queensland, CTP is a mandatory part of registration for a vehicle. There is choice of insurer but price is government controlled in a tight band.

In South Australia, Third Party Personal insurance from the Motor Accident Commission is included in the licence registration fee for people over 17. A similar scheme applies in Western Australia.

Canada

Several Canadian provinces (British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Quebec) provide a public auto insurance system while in the rest of the country insurance is provided privately [third party insurance is privatized in Quebec and is mandatory. The province covers everything but the vehicle(s)]. Basic auto insurance is mandatory throughout Canada with each province's government determining which benefits are included as minimum required auto insurance coverage and which benefits are options available for those seeking additional coverage. Accident benefits coverage is mandatory everywhere except for Newfoundland and Labrador. All provinces in Canada have some form of no-fault insurance available to accident victims. The difference from province to province is the extent to which tort or no-fault is emphasized. International drivers entering Canada are permitted to drive any vehicle their licence allows for the 3-month period for which they are allowed to use their international licence. International laws provide visitors to the country with an International Insurance Bond (IIB) until this 3-month period is over in which the international driver must provide themselves with Canadian Insurance. The IIB is reinstated every time the international driver enters the country. Damage to the driver's own vehicle is optional – one notable exception to this is in Saskatchewan, where SGI provides collision coverage (less than a $1000 deductible, such as a collision damage waiver) as part of its basic insurance policy. In Saskatchewan, residents have the option to have their auto insurance through a tort system but less than 0.5% of the population have taken this option.[3]

Germany

Cooperators car insurance quote International Motor Insurance Card (IVK)

Since 1939, it has been compulsory to have third party personal insurance before keeping a motor vehicle in all federal states of Germany. In addition, every vehicle owner is free to take out a comprehensive insurance policy. All types of car insurances are provided by several private insurers. The amount of insurance contribution is determined by several criteria, like the region, the type of car or the personal way of driving.[4]

The minimum coverage defined by German law for car liability insurance / third party personal insurance is: 7.5 million euro for bodily injury (damage to people), 1 million euro for property damage and 50,000 euro for financial/fortune loss which is in no direct or indirect coherence with bodily injury or property damage. Insurance companies usually offer all-in/combined single limit insurances of 50 Million Euro or 100 Million Euro (about 141 Million Dollar) for bodily injury, property damage and other financial/fortune loss (usually with a bodily injury coverage limitation of 8 to 15 million euro for each bodily injured person).

Hungary

Third-party vehicle insurance is mandatory for all vehicles in Hungary. No exemption is possible by money deposit. The premium covers all damage up to HUF 500M (about €1.8M) per accident without deductible. The coverage is extended to HUF 1,250M (about €4.5M) in case of personal injuries. Vehicle insurance policies from all EU-countries and some non-EU countries are valid in Hungary based on bilateral or multilateral agreements. Visitors with vehicle insurance not covered by such agreements are required to buy a monthly, renewable policy at the border.[5]

Indonesia

Third-party vehicle Insurance is a mandatory requirement in Indonesia and each individual car and motorcycle must be insured or the vehicle will not be considered legal. Therefore, a motorist cannot drive the vehicle until it is insured. Third Party vehicle insurance is included through a levy in the vehicle registration fee which is paid to government institution that known as "Samsat". Third-Party Vehicle Insurance is regulated under Act No. 34 Year 1964 Re: Road Traffic Accident Fund and merely covers Bodily injury, and managed by a SOE named PT. Jasa Raharja (Persero).[6]

India

Rental car insurance with enterprise A Sample Vehicle Insurance Certificate in India

Auto Insurance in India deals with the insurance covers for the loss or damage caused to the automobile or its parts due to natural and man-made calamities. It provides accident cover for individual owners of the vehicle while driving and also for passengers and third party legal liability. There are certain general insurance companies who also offer online insurance service for the vehicle.

Auto Insurance in India is a compulsory requirement for all new vehicles used whether for commercial or personal use. The insurance companies have tie-ups with leading automobile manufacturers. They offer their customers instant auto quotes. Auto premium is determined by a number of factors and the amount of premium increases with the rise in the price of the vehicle. The claims of the Auto Insurance in India can be accidental, theft claims or third party claims. Certain documents are required for claiming Auto Insurance in India, like duly signed claim form, RC copy of the vehicle, Driving license copy, FIR copy, Original estimate and policy copy.

There are different types of Auto Insurance in India :

Private Car Insurance – In the Auto Insurance in India, Private Car Insurance is the fastest growing sector as it is compulsory for all the new cars. The amount of premium depends on the make and value of the car, state where the car is registered and the year of manufacture.

Two Wheeler Insurance – The Two Wheeler Insurance under the Auto Insurance in India covers accidental insurance for the drivers of the vehicle. The amount of premium depends on the current showroom price multiplied by the depreciation rate fixed by the Tariff Advisory Committee at the time of the beginning of policy period.

Commercial Vehicle Insurance – Commercial Vehicle Insurance under the Auto Insurance in India provides cover for all the vehicles which are not used for personal purposes, like the Trucks and HMVs. The amount of premium depends on the showroom price of the vehicle at the commencement of the insurance period, make of the vehicle and the place of registration of the vehicle. The auto insurance generally includes:

  • Loss or damage by accident, fire, lightning, self ignition, external explosion, burglary, housebreaking or theft, malicious act.
  • Liability for third party injury/death, third party property and liability to paid driver
  • On payment of appropriate additional premium, loss/damage to electrical/electronic accessories

The auto insurance does not include:

  • Consequential loss, depreciation, mechanical and electrical breakdown, failure or breakage
  • When vehicle is used outside the geographical area
  • War or nuclear perils and drunken driving.

Ireland

The Road Traffic Act, 1933 requires all drivers of mechanically propelled vehicles in public places to have at least third-party insurance, or to have obtained exemption – generally by depositing a (large) sum of money with the High Court as a guarantee against claims. In 1933 this figure was set at £15,000.[7] The Road Traffic Act, 1961[8] (which is currently in force) repealed the 1933 act but replaced these sections with functionally identical sections.

From 1968, those making deposits require the consent of the Minister for Transport to do so, with the sum specified by the Minister.

Those not exempted from obtaining insurance must obtain a certificate of insurance from their insurance provider, and display a portion of this (an insurance disc) on their vehicles windscreen (if fitted).[citation needed] The certificate in full must be presented to a police station within ten days if requested by an officer. Proof of having insurance or an exemption must also be provided to pay for the motor tax.[citation needed]

Those injured or suffering property damage/loss due to uninsured drivers can claim against the Motor Insurance Bureau of Ireland's uninsured drivers fund, as can those injured (but not those suffering damage or loss) from hit and run offences.

Italy

The law 990/1969 requires that each motor vehicle or trailer standing or moving on a public road have third party insurance (called RCA, Responsabilità civile per gli autoveicoli). Historically, a part of the certificate of insurance must be displayed on the windscreen of the vehicle. This latter requirement was revoked in 2015, when a national database of insured vehicles was built by the Insurance Company Association (ANIA, Associazione Nazionale Imprese Assicuratrici) and the National Transportation Authority (Motorizzazione Civile) to verify (by private citizens and public authorities) if a vehicle is insured. There is no exemption policy to this law disposition.

Driving without the necessary insurance for that vehicle is an offence that can be prosecuted by the police and fines range from 841 to 3,287 euros. Police forces also have the power to seize a vehicle that does not have the necessary insurance in place, until the owner of the vehicle pays a fine and signs a new insurance policy. The same provision is applied when the vehicle is standing on public road.

Minimal insurance policies covers only third parties (including the insured person and third parties carried with the vehicle, but not the driver, if the two do not coincide). Also the third parties, fire and theft are common insurance policies, while the all inclusive policies (kasko policy) which include also damages of the vehicle causing the accident or the injuries. It is also common to include a renounce clause of the insurance company to compensate the damages against the insured person in some cases (usually in case of DUI or other infringement of the law by the driver).

The victims of accident caused by non-insured vehicles could be compensated by the Road's Victim Warranty Fund (Fondo garanzia vittime della strada), which is covered by a fixed amount (2.5%, as 2015) of each RCA insurance premium.

New Zealand

Within New Zealand, the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) provides nationwide no-fault personal injury insurance.[9] Injuries involving motor vehicles operating on public roads are covered by the Motor Vehicle Account, for which premiums are collected through levies on petrol and through vehicle licensing fees.[10]

Norway

In Norway, the vehicle owner must provide the minimum of liability insurance for his vehicle(s) – of any kind. Otherwise, the vehicle is illegal to use. If a person drives a vehicle belonging to someone else, and has an accident, the insurance will cover for damage done. Note that the policy carrier can choose to limit the coverage to only apply for family members or person over a certain age.

Romania

Romanian law mandates Răspundere Auto Civilă, a motor-vehicle liability insurance for all vehicle owners to cover damages to third parties.[11]

Russian Federation

Motor-vehicle insurance is mandatory for all owners according to Russian legislation.

South Africa

South Africa allocates a percentage of the money from fuel into the Road Accident Fund, which goes towards compensating third parties in accidents.[12][13]

Spain

Each motor vehicle in a public road to have a third party insurance (called "Seguro de responsabilidad civil").

Police forces have the power to seize vehicles that do not have the necessary insurance in place, until the owner of the vehicle pays the fine and sign a new insurance policy. Driving without the necessary insurance for that vehicle is an offence that will be prosecuted by the police and will receive penalty. Same provision is applied when the vehicle is standing on public road.

The minimal insurance policies covers only third parties (included the insured person and third parties carried with the vehicle, but not the driver, if the two do not coincide). Also the third parties, fire and theft are common insurance policies.

The victims of accident caused by non-insured vehicles could be compensated by a Warranty Fund, which is covered by a fixed amount of each insurance premium.

Since 2013 it is possible to contract an insurance by days as is possible in countries such as Germany and England.[14]

United Arab Emirates

When buying car insurance in the United Arab Emirates, traffic department require a 13-month insurance certificate each time you register or renew a vehicle registration.

United Kingdom

Volvo car insurance campaign code Uninsured cars seized by Merseyside Police on display outside the force's headquarters in 2006

In 1930, the UK government introduced a law that required every person who used a vehicle on the road to have at least third-party personal injury insurance. Today, this UK law is defined by the Road Traffic Act 1988,[15] (generally referred to as the RTA 1988 as amended) which was last modified in 1991. The Act requires that motorists either be insured, or have made a specified deposit (£500,000 in 1991) and keeps the sum deposited with the Accountant General of the Supreme Court, against liability for injuries to others (including passengers) and for damage to other persons' property, resulting from use of a vehicle on a public road or in other public places.

It is an offence to use a motor vehicle, or allow others to use it without insurance that satisfies the requirements of the Act. This requirement applies while any part of a vehicle (even if a greater part of it is on private land) is on the public highway. No such legislation applies on private land. However, private land to which the public have a reasonable right of access (for example, a supermarket car park during opening hours) is considered to be included within the requirements of the Act.

Police have the power to seize vehicles that do not appear to have necessary insurance in place. A driver caught driving without insurance for the vehicle he/she is in charge of for the purposes of driving, is liable to be prosecuted by the police and, upon conviction, will receive either a fixed penalty or magistrate's courts penalty.

The registration number of the vehicle shown on the insurance policy, along with other relevant information including the effective dates of cover are transmitted electronically to the UK's Motor Insurance Database (MID) which exists to help reduce incidents of uninsured driving in the territory. The Police are able to spot-check vehicles that pass within range of automated number plate recognition (ANPR) cameras, that can search the MID instantly. It should be noted, however, that proof of insurance lies entirely with the issue of a Certificate of Motor Insurance, or cover note, by an Authorised Insurer which, to be valid, must have been previously 'delivered' to the insured person in accordance with the Act, and be printed in black ink on white paper.

The insurance certificate or cover note issued by the insurance company constitutes the only legal evidence that the policy to which the certificate relates satisfies the requirements of the relevant law applicable in Great Britain, Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man, the Island of Guernsey, the Island of Jersey and the Island of Alderney. The Act states that an authorised person, such as a police officer, may require a driver to produce an insurance certificate for inspection. If the driver cannot show the document immediately on request, and evidence of insurance cannot be found by other means such as the MID, then the Police are empowered to seize the vehicle instantly.

The immediate impounding of an apparently uninsured vehicle replaces the former method of dealing with insurance spot-checks where drivers were issued with an HORT/1 (so-called because the order was form number 1 issued by the Home Office Road Traffic dept). This 'ticket' was an order requiring that within seven days, from midnight of the date of issue, the driver concerned was to take a valid insurance certificate (and usually other driving documents as well) to a police station of the driver's choice. Failure to produce an insurance certificate was, and still is, an offence. The HORT/1 was commonly known – even by the issuing authorities when dealing with the public – as a "Producer". As these are seldom issued now and the MID relied upon to indicate the presence of insurance or not, it is incumbent upon the insurance industry to accurately and swiftly update the MID with current policy details and insurers that fail to do so can be penalised by their regulating body.

Vehicles kept in the UK must now be continuously insured. This requirement arose following a change in the law in June 2011 when a regulation known as Continuous Insurance Enforcement (CIE) came into force. The effect of this was that in the UK a vehicle must have a valid insurance policy in force whether or not it is kept on public roads and whether or not it is driven.[16]

Insurer, and Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) / licence data, are shared by the relevant authorities including the Police and this forms an integral part of the mechanism of CIE. All UK registered vehicles, including those that are exempt from VED (for example, Historic Vehicles and cars with low or zero emissions) are subject to the VED taxation application process. Part of this is a check on the vehicle's insurance. A physical receipt for the payment of VED was issued by way of a paper disc which, prior to 1 October 2014, meant that all motorists in the UK were required to prominently display the tax disc on their vehicle when it was kept or driven on public roads. This helped to ensure that most people had adequate insurance on their vehicles because insurance cover was required to purchase a disc, although the insurance must merely have been valid at the time of purchase and not necessarily for the life of the tax disc.[17] To address the problems that arise where a vehicle's insurance was subsequently cancelled but the tax disc remained in force and displayed on the vehicle and the vehicle then used without insurance, the CIE regulations are now able to be applied as the Driver & Vehicle Licence Authority (DVLA) and the MID databases are shared in real-time meaning that a taxed but uninsured vehicle is easily detectable by both authorities and Traffic Police. Post 1 October 2014 it is no longer a requirement to display a vehicle excise licence (tax disc) on a vehicle.[18] This has come about because the whole VED process can now be administered electronically and alongside the MID, doing away with the expense, to the UK Government, of issuing paper discs.

If a vehicle is to be "laid up" for whatever reason, a Statutory Off Road Notification (SORN) must be submitted to the DVLA to declare that the vehicle is off the public roads and will not return to them unless SORN is cancelled by the vehicle's owner. Once a vehicle has been declared 'SORN' then the legal requirement to insure it ceases, although many vehicle owners may desire to maintain cover for loss of or damage to the vehicle while it is off the road. A vehicle that is then to be put back on the road must be subject to a new application for VED and be insured. Part of the VED application requires an electronic check of the MID, in this way the lawful presence of a vehicle on the road for both VED and insurance purposes is reinforced. It follows that the only circumstances in which a vehicle can have no insurance is if it has a valid SORN; was exempted from SORN (as untaxed on or before 31/10/1998 and has had no tax or SORN activity since); is recorded as 'stolen and not recovered' by the Police; is between registered keepers; or is scrapped.

Road Traffic Act Only Insurance differs from Third Party Only Insurance (detailed below) and is not often sold, unless to underpin, for example, a corporate body wishing to self-insure above the requirements of the Act. It provides the very minimum cover to satisfy the requirements of the Act. Road Traffic Act Only Insurance has a limit of £1,000,000 for damage to third party property, while third party only insurance typically has a greater limit for third party property damage.

Motor insurers in the UK place a limit on the amount that they are liable for in the event of a claim by third parties against a legitimate policy. This can be explained in part by the Great Heck Rail Crash that cost the insurers over £22 million in compensation for the fatalities and damage to property caused by the actions of the insured driver of a motor vehicle that caused the disaster. No limit applies to claims from third parties for death or personal injury, however UK car insurance is now commonly limited to £20m for any claim or series of claims for loss of or damage to third party property caused by or arising out of one incident.

The minimum level of insurance cover generally available, and which satisfies the requirement of the Act, is called third party only insurance. The level of cover provided by Third party only insurance is basic, but does exceed the requirements of the act. This insurance covers any liability to third parties, but does not cover any other risks.

More commonly purchased is third party, fire and theft. This covers all third party liabilities and also covers the vehicle owner against the destruction of the vehicle by fire (whether malicious or due to a vehicle fault) and theft of the insured vehicle. It may or may not cover vandalism. This kind of insurance and the two preceding types do not cover damage to the vehicle caused by the driver or other hazards.

Comprehensive insurance covers all of the above and damage to the vehicle caused by the driver themselves, as well as vandalism and other risks. This is usually the most expensive type of insurance. Interestingly, it is custom in the UK for insurance customers to refer to their Comprehensive Insurance as "Fully Comprehensive" or popularly, "Fully Comp". This is a tautology as the word 'Comprehensive' means full.

Some classes of vehicle ownership, or use, are "Crown Exempt" from the requirement to be covered under the Act including vehicles owned or operated by certain councils and local authorities, national park authorities, education authorities, police authorities, fire authorities, health service bodies, the security services and vehicles used to or from Shipping Salvage purposes. Although exempt from the requirement to insure this provides no immunity against claims being made against them, so an otherwise Crown Exempt authority may chose to insure conventionally, preferring to incur the known expense of insurance premiums rather than accept the open-ended exposure of effectively, self-insuring under Crown Exemption.

The Motor Insurers' Bureau (MIB) compensates the victims of road accidents caused by uninsured and untraced motorists. It also operates the MID, which contain details of every insured vehicle in the country and acts as a means to share information between Insurance Companies.

Soon after the introduction of the Road Traffic Act in 1930, unexpected issues arose when motorists needed to drive a vehicle other than their own in genuine emergency circumstances. Volunteering to move a vehicle, for example, where another motorist had been taken ill or been involved in an accident, could lead to the 'assisting' driver being prosecuted for no insurance if the other car's insurance did not cover use by any driver. To alleviate this situation an extension to UK Car Insurances was introduced allowing a Policyholder to personally drive any other motor car not belonging to him/her and not hired to him/her under a hire purchase or leasing agreement. This extension of cover, known as "Driving Other Cars" (where it is granted) usually applies to the Policyholder only. The cover provided is for Third Party Risks only and there is absolutely no cover for loss of or damage to the vehicle being driven. This aspect of UK motor insurance is the only one that purports to cover the driving of a vehicle, not use.

On 1 March 2011 the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg ruled that gender could no longer be used by insurers to set car insurance premiums. The new ruling will come into action from December 2012.[citation needed]

Investigation into repair costs & fraudulent claims

In September 2012 it was announced that the Competition Commission had launched an investigation into the UK system for credit repairs and credit hire of an alternative vehicle leading to claims from third parties following an accident. Where their client is considered to be not at fault, Accident Management Companies will take over the running of their client's claim and arrange everything for them, usually on a 'No Win - No Fee' basis. It was shown that the insurers of the at-fault vehicle, were unable to intervene in order to have control over the costs that were applied to the claim by means of repairs, storage, vehicle hire, referral fees and personal injury. The subsequent cost of some items submitted for consideration has been a cause for concern over recent years as this has caused an increase in the premium costs, contrary to the general duty of all involved to mitigate the cost of claims. Also, the recent craze of "Cash for crash" has substantially raised the cost of policies. This is where two parties arrange a collision between their vehicles and one driver making excessive claims for damage and non existent injuries to themselves and the passengers that they had arranged to be "in the vehicle" at the time of the collision. Another recent development has seen crashes being caused deliberately by a driver "slamming" on their brakes so that the driver behind hits them, this is usually carried out at roundabout junctions, when the following driver is looking to the right for oncoming traffic and does not notice that the vehicle in front has suddenly stopped for no reason. The 'staging' of a motor collision on the Public Highway for the purpose of attempting an insurance fraud is considered by the Courts to be organised crime and upon conviction is dealt with as such.

United States

Main article: Vehicle insurance in the United States

The regulations for vehicle insurance differ with each of the 50 US states and other territories, with each U.S. state having its own mandatory minimum coverage requirements (see separate main article). Each of the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia requires drivers to have insurance coverage for both bodily injury and property damage, but the minimum amount of coverage required by law varies by state. For example, minimum bodily injury liability coverage requirements range from $20,000 in Florida to $100,000 in Alaska and Maine, while minimum property damage liability requirements range from $5,000 (four states) to $25,000 (16 states).[citation needed]

Coverage levels

Vehicle insurance can cover some or all of the following items:

  • The insured party (medical payments)
  • Property damage caused by the insured
  • The insured vehicle (physical damage)
  • Third parties (car and people, property damage and bodily injury)
  • Third party, fire and theft
  • In some jurisdictions coverage for injuries to persons riding in the insured vehicle is available without regard to fault in the auto accident (No Fault Auto Insurance)
  • The cost to rent a vehicle if yours is damaged.
  • The cost to tow your vehicle to a repair facility.
  • Accidents involving uninsured motorists.

Different policies specify the circumstances under which each item is covered. For example, a vehicle can be insured against theft, fire damage, or accident damage independently.

If a vehicle is declared a total loss and the vehicle's market value is less than the amount that is still owed to the bank that is financing the vehicle, GAP insurance may cover the difference. Not all auto insurance policies include GAP insurance. GAP insurance is often offered by the finance company at time the vehicle is purchased.

Excess

An excess payment, also known as a deductible, is a fixed contribution that must be paid each time a car is repaired with the charges billed to an automotive insurance policy. Normally this payment is made directly to the accident repair "garage" (the term "garage" refers to an establishment where vehicles are serviced and repaired) when the owner collects the car. If one's car is declared to be a "write off" (or "totaled"), then the insurance company will deduct the excess agreed on the policy from the settlement payment it makes to the owner.

If the accident was the other driver's fault, and this fault is accepted by the third party's insurer, then the vehicle owner may be able to reclaim the excess payment from the other person's insurance company.

The excess itself can also be protected by a motor excess insurance policy.[citation needed]

Compulsory excess

A compulsory excess is the minimum excess payment the insurer will accept on the insurance policy. Minimum excesses vary according to the personal details, driving record and the insurance company. For example, young or inexperienced drivers and types of incident can incur additional compulsory excess charges.

Voluntary excess

To reduce the insurance premium, the insured party may offer to pay a higher excess (deductible) than the compulsory excess demanded by the insurance company. The voluntary excess is the extra amount, over and above the compulsory excess, that is agreed to be paid in the event of a claim on the policy. As a bigger excess reduces the financial risk carried by the insurer, the insurer is able to offer a significantly lower premium.

Basis of premium charges

Main article: auto insurance risk selection

Depending on the jurisdiction, the insurance premium can be either mandated by the government or determined by the insurance company, in accordance with a framework of regulations set by the government. Often, the insurer will have more freedom to set the price on physical damage coverages than on mandatory liability coverages.

When the premium is not mandated by the government, it is usually derived from the calculations of an actuary, based on statistical data. The premium can vary depending on many factors that are believed to affect the expected cost of future claims.[19] Those factors can include the car characteristics, the coverage selected (deductible, limit, covered perils), the profile of the driver (age, gender, driving history) and the usage of the car (commute to work or not, predicted annual distance driven).[20]

Gender

Because male drivers, especially younger ones, are on average often regarded as tending to be more aggressive, the premiums charged for policies on vehicles whose primary driver is male are often higher. This discrimination may be dropped if the driver is past a certain age.

On 1 March 2011, the European Court of Justice decided insurance companies who used gender as a risk factor when calculating insurance premiums were breaching EU equality laws.[21] The Court ruled that car-insurance companies were discriminating against men.[21] However, in some places, such as the UK, companies have used the standard practice of discrimination based on profession to still use gender as a factor, albeit indirectly. Professions which are more typically practised by men are deemed as being more risky even if they had not been prior to the Court's ruling while the converse is applied to professions predominant among women.[22] Another effect of the ruling has been that, while the premiums for men have been lowered, they have been raised for women. This equalisation effect has also been seen in other types of insurance for individuals, such as life insurance.[23]

Age

Teenage drivers who have no driving record will have higher car insurance premiums. However, young drivers are often offered discounts if they undertake further driver training on recognized courses, such as the Pass Plus scheme in the UK. In the US many insurers offer a good-grade discount to students with a good academic record and resident-student discounts to those who live away from home. Generally insurance premiums tend to become lower at the age of 25. Some insurance companies offer "stand alone" car insurance policies specifically for teenagers with lower premiums. By placing restrictions on teenagers' driving (forbidding driving after dark, or giving rides to other teens, for example), these companies effectively reduce their risk.[24]

Senior drivers are often eligible for retirement discounts, reflecting the lower average miles driven by this age group. However, rates may increase for senior drivers after age 65, due to increased risk associated with much older drivers. Typically, the increased risk for drivers over 65 years of age is associated with slower reflexes, reaction times, and being more injury-prone.[citation needed]

U.S. driving history

In most U.S. states, moving violations, including running red lights and speeding, assess points on a driver's driving record. Since more points indicate an increased risk of future violations, insurance companies periodically review drivers' records, and may raise premiums accordingly. Rating practices, such as debit for a poor driving history, are not dictated by law. Many insurers allow one moving violation every three to five years before increasing premiums. Accidents affect insurance premiums similarly. Depending on the severity of the accident and the number of points assessed, rates can increase by as much as twenty to thirty percent.[25] Any motoring convictions should be disclosed to insurers, as the driver is assessed by risk from prior experiences while driving on the road.

Marital status

Statistics show that married drivers average fewer accidents than the rest of the population so policy owners who are married often receive lower premiums than single persons.[26]

Profession

The profession of the driver may be used as a factor to determine premiums. Certain professions may be deemed more likely to result in damages if they regularly involve more travel or the carrying of expensive equipment or stock or if they are predominant either among women or among men.[22]

Vehicle classification

Two of the most important factors that go into determining the underwriting risk on motorized vehicles are: performance capability and retail cost. The most commonly available providers of auto insurance have underwriting restrictions against vehicles that are either designed to be capable of higher speeds and performance levels, or vehicles that retail above a certain dollar amount. Vehicles that are commonly considered luxury automobiles usually carry more expensive physical damage premiums because they are more expensive to replace. Vehicles that can be classified as high performance autos will carry higher premiums generally because there is greater opportunity for risky driving behavior. Motorcycle insurance may carry lower property-damage premiums because the risk of damage to other vehicles is minimal, yet have higher liability or personal-injury premiums, because motorcycle riders face different physical risks while on the road. Risk classification on automobiles also takes into account the statistical analysis of reported theft, accidents, and mechanical malfunction on every given year, make, and model of auto.

Distance

Some car insurance plans do not differentiate in regard to how much the car is used. There are however low-mileage discounts offered by some insurance providers. Other methods of differentiation would include: over-road distance between the ordinary residence of a subject and their ordinary, daily destinations.

Reasonable distance estimation

Another important factor in determining car-insurance premiums involves the annual mileage put on the vehicle, and for what reason. Driving to and from work every day at a specified distance, especially in urban areas where common traffic routes are known, presents different risks than how a retiree who does not work any longer may use their vehicle. Common practice has been that this information was provided solely by the insured person, but some insurance providers have started to collect regular odometer readings to verify the risk.

Odometer-based systems

Cents Per Mile Now[27] (1986) advocates classified odometer-mile rates, a type of usage-based insurance. After the company's risk factors have been applied, and the customer has accepted the per-mile rate offered, then customers buy prepaid miles of insurance protection as needed, like buying gallons of gasoline (litres of petrol). Insurance automatically ends when the odometer limit (recorded on the car's insurance ID card) is reached, unless more distance is bought. Customers keep track of miles on their own odometer to know when to buy more. The company does no after-the-fact billing of the customer, and the customer doesn't have to estimate a "future annual mileage" figure for the company to obtain a discount. In the event of a traffic stop, an officer could easily verify that the insurance is current, by comparing the figure on the insurance card to that on the odometer.

Critics point out the possibility of cheating the system by odometer tampering. Although the newer electronic odometers are difficult to roll back, they can still be defeated by disconnecting the odometer wires and reconnecting them later. However, as the Cents Per Mile Now website points out:

As a practical matter, resetting odometers requires equipment plus expertise that makes stealing insurance risky and uneconomical. For example, to steal 20,000 miles [32,200 km] of continuous protection while paying for only the 2000 in the 35000 to 37000 range on the odometer, the resetting would have to be done at least nine times, to keep the odometer reading within the narrow 2,000-mile [3,200 km] covered range. There are also powerful legal deterrents to this way of stealing insurance protection. Odometers have always served as the measuring device for resale value, rental and leasing charges, warranty limits, mechanical breakdown insurance, and cents-per-mile tax deductions or reimbursements for business or government travel. Odometer tampering, detected during claim processing, voids the insurance and, under decades-old state and federal law, is punishable by heavy fines and jail.

Under the cents-per-mile system, rewards for driving less are delivered automatically, without the need for administratively cumbersome and costly GPS technology. Uniform per-mile exposure measurement for the first time provides the basis for statistically valid rate classes. Insurer premium income automatically keeps pace with increases or decreases in driving activity, cutting back on resulting insurer demand for rate increases and preventing today's windfalls to insurers, when decreased driving activity lowers costs but not premiums.

GPS-based system

In 1998, the Progressive Insurance company started a pilot program in Texas, in which drivers received a discount for installing a GPS-based device that tracked their driving behavior and reported the results via cellular phone to the company.[28] Policyholders were reportedly more upset about having to pay for the expensive device than they were over privacy concerns.[citation needed] The program was discontinued in 2000. In following years many policies (including Progressive) have been trialed and successfully introduced worldwide into what are referred to as Telematic Insurance. Such 'telematic' policies typically are based on black-box insurance technology, such devices derive from stolen vehicle and fleet tracking but are used for insurance purposes. Since 2010 GPS-based and Telematic Insurance systems have become more mainstream in the auto insurance market not just aimed at specialised auto-fleet markets or high value vehicles (with an emphasis on stolen vehicle recovery). Modern GPS-based systems are branded as 'PAYD' Pay As You Drive insurance policies, 'PHYD' Pay How You Drive or since 2012 Smartphone auto insurance policies which utilise smartphones as a GPS sensor, e.g. .[29] A detailed survey of the smartphone as measurement probe for insurance telematics is provided in [30]

OBDII-based system

The Progressive Corporation launched Snapshot to give drivers a customized insurance rate based on recording how, how much, and when their car is driven.[31] Snapshot is currently available in 46 states plus the District of Columbia. Because insurance is regulated at the state level, Snapshot is currently not available in Alaska, California, Hawaii, and North Carolina.[31] Driving data is transmitted to the company using an on-board telematic device. The device connects to a car's OnBoard Diagnostic (OBD-II) port (all petrol automobiles in the USA built after 1996 have an OBD-II.) and transmits speed, time of day and number of miles the car is driven. Cars that are driven less often, in less-risky ways, and at less-risky times of day, can receive large discounts. Progressive has received patents on its methods and systems of implementing usage-based insurance and has licensed these methods and systems to other companies.

Metromile also uses an OBDII-based system for their mileage-based insurance. They offer a true pay-per-mile insurance where behavior or driving style is not taken into account, and the user only pays a base rate along with a fixed rate per mile.[32] The OBD-II device measures mileage and then transmits mileage data to servers. This is intended to be an affordable car insurance policy for low-mileage drivers. Metromile is currently only offering personal car insurance policies and is available in California, Oregon, Washington, and Illinois.[33]

Credit ratings

Insurance companies have started using credit ratings of their policyholders to determine risk. Drivers with good credit scores get lower insurance premiums, as it is believed that they are more financially stable, more responsible and have the financial means to better maintain their vehicles. Those with lower credit scores can have their premiums raised or insurance canceled outright.[34] It has been shown that good drivers with spotty credit records could be charged higher premiums than bad drivers with good credit records.[35]

Behavior-based insurance

The use of non-intrusive load monitoring to detect drunk driving and other risky behaviors has been proposed.[36] A US patent application combining this technology with a usage based insurance product to create a new type of behavior based auto insurance product is currently open for public comment on peer to patent.[37] See Behavior-based safety. Behaviour based Insurance focusing upon driving is often called Telematics or Telematics2.0 in some cases monitoring focus upon behavioural analysis such as smooth driving.

Repair insurance

Bad car insurance companies The examples and perspective in this section deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article, discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate. (September 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Auto repair insurance is an extension of car insurance available in all 50 of the United States that covers the natural wear and tear on a vehicle, independent of damages related to a car accident.

Some drivers opt to buy the insurance as a means of protection against costly breakdowns unrelated to an accident. In contrast to more standard and basic coverages such as comprehensive and collision insurance, auto repair insurance does not cover a vehicle when it is damaged in a collision, during a natural disaster or at the hands of vandals.[citation needed]

For many it is an attractive option for protection after the warranties on their cars expire.

Providers can also offer sub-divisions of auto repair insurance. There is standard repair insurance which covers the wear and tear of vehicles, and naturally occurring breakdowns. Some companies will only offer mechanical breakdown insurance, which only covers repairs necessary when breakable parts need to be fixed or replaced. These parts include transmissions, oil pumps, pistons, timing gears, flywheels, valves, axles and joints.[38]

See also

  • Alcohol exclusion laws
  • Assigned risk
  • Damage waiver for rental cars
  • Extended coverage
  • Family purpose doctrine
  • Health insurance
   
  • International Motor Insurance Card System
  • Insurance Information and Enforcement System
  • Omnibus clause
  • Automobile costs

References

  1. ^ Wenzel T. (1995). Analysis of national pay-as-you-drive insurance systems and other variable driving charges. Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA.
  2. ^ "Green Slips". New South Wales Government, Motor Accidents Authority. 
  3. ^ Insurance Bureau of Canada. Ibc.ca (1 January 2003).
  4. ^ Irash, khan. "Calculating cheap car insurance, and compare close". vergelijken-verzekering.nl/. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  5. ^ The Green Card Insurance System Hungary. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  6. ^ PT. Jasa Raharja | Asuransi Kecelakaan Lalulintas Jalan dan Penumpang Umum. Jasaraharja.co.id.
  7. ^ Road Traffic Act, 1933, Section 61. 193.178.1.79.
  8. ^ Road Traffic Act, 1961. 193.178.1.79 (29 July 1961).
  9. ^ "Am I covered?". Accident Compensation Corporation. Retrieved 23 December 2011. 
  10. ^ "How we're funded". Accident Compensation Corporation. Retrieved 23 December 2011. 
  11. ^ "Poliţele RCA se scumpesc în 2009 cu 10 până la 30%". Realitatea (in Romanian). 6 March 2009. Retrieved 11 June 2009. 
  12. ^ "Petrol Structure". Department of Minerals and Energy, South Africa. Retrieved 11 May 2006. 
  13. ^ "South African Road Accident Fund Act of 1996". South African Government. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  14. ^ EcoMotor.es. "¿Problemas con su seguro tradicional? Ya puede asegurar su coche por días". Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  15. ^ "Road Traffic Act 1988". Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  16. ^ Stay insured: penalties for vehicles without motor insurance : Directgov – Motoring. Direct.gov.uk.
  17. ^ DVLA Vehicle Licensing Online. Taxdisc.direct.gov.uk.
  18. ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/news/vehicle-tax-changes
  19. ^ "Basic Ratemaking" (Article). Casualty Actuarial Society. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  20. ^ "What determines the price of my policy?". Insurance Information Institute. Retrieved 11 May 2006. 
  21. ^ a b Cendrowicz, Leo (2 March 2011) E.U. Court to Insurers: Stop Making Men Pay More, Time.com.
  22. ^ a b "Men Are Still Charged More than Women for Car Insurance Despite EU Rule Change". 
  23. ^ "The gender ruling that could see insurance premiums rise by £100s". 
  24. ^ "Auto Insurance for Teens". autoinsurancetips.com. 21 April 2009. 
  25. ^ "How Points on Your Driver's Licence Affect Your Auto Insurance Premiums". 
  26. ^ Miller, Roger LeRoy & Stafford, Alan D. (16 January 2009). Economic Education for Consumers. Cengage Learning. p. 475. ISBN 978-0-538-44888-8. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  27. ^ "Cents Per Mile Now". centspermilenow.org. Retrieved 11 May 2006. 
  28. ^ "Progressive's "pay-as-you-drive" auto insurance poised for wide rollout". insure.com. Retrieved 11 May 2006. 
  29. ^ Smartphone-Based Measurement Systems for Road Vehicle Traffic Monitoring and Usage-Based Insurance, P. Händel, J. Ohlsson, M. Ohlsson, I. Skog, and E. Nygren, IEEE SYSTEMS JOURNAL, [1]
  30. ^ P. Handel, I. Skog, J. Wahlstrom, F. Bonawide, R. Welsh, J. Ohlsson, and M. Ohlsson: Insurance telematics: opportunities and challenges with the smartphone solution, Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE, vol.6, no.4, pp. 57-70, winter 2014, doi: 10.1109/MITS.2014.2343262
  31. ^ a b "Snapshot, Snapshot Discount: Pay As You Drive (PAYD)". Progressive.com.
  32. ^ Parker, Tim. "How Auto Insurance By The Mile Works". Investopedia. 
  33. ^ Constine, Josh. "Metromile Launches Per-Mile Car Insurance That Could Save Californians 40%". TechCrunch. 
  34. ^ "Need Credit or Insurance? Your credit scores helps determine how much you will pay". ftc.gov. Retrieved 9 January 2010. 
  35. ^ "Bad Credit worse than bad driving". Wall Street Journal. 11 February 2009. Archived from the original on 5 November 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2010. 
  36. ^ Davis, Harold (21 May 2009) 'Black Box' idea travels to cars.
  37. ^ US patent application 20090063201 "SoberTeen driving insurance". Peertopatent.org (20 May 2009).
  38. ^ Lerner, Michele (20 September 2011). "Auto repair insurance pledges to pay your breakdown bills". Fox Business. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 

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  • This Week's Pick Benefits of National Car Insurance The National Insurance Company Limited (NICL) is a Central Government owned insurance company that is based in India. The company has been rated as the best provider for motor and health insurance in India. The Motor Insurance policy from NIC comes with a number of attractive features like protection against theft, damage, or against any damage incurred due to the involvement of your vehicle in an accident. The car insurance policy also covers third party liability. In these cases, any damage or loss caused to property, injury or death of another person, the policy covers any such loss. There are certain exclusions to the car insurance policy. Some of these exclusions are any loss, wear and tear that occurs due to prolonged usage as well as any mechanical or electrical breakdowns, damage to the tyres of the automobile, any damage or accidents that happen when the driver is under the influence of a substance or alcohol and any cost that is incurred for labour and automobile parts during regular services. As India’s oldest insurers, National Insurance Company has been providing its customers with tailor-made products that fit the needs of the people. People who want to enjoy a simple, robust, all-inclusive and scalable insurance policy can opt for one that’s provided by the National Insurance Company. Read more...

What is Car Insurance?

In 21st Century India, owning a car has moved beyond being a status symbol to an everyday necessity. Being a car owner proves your financial independence, puts you in a refined league of your peers and wins you some much-needed brownie points with the family. But, the joys of owning a car could be short-lived if say, your vehicle meets with an unfortunate and untimely accident, is stolen, is lost in a raging flood, or worse - if it turns up to be the cause of an accident that costs the life or property of a complete stranger. These situations can be disastrous, costly and frustrating!

Car insurance is an insurance provided towards loss or damage of a vehicle such as a car, or commercial vehicle. It is a policy purchased by the car owner to mitigate costs incurred due to the accident that caused damages to the vehicle. Instead of paying through their own pocket, car owners pay premiums to an insurance company and the company pays most of the costs associated with the accident. The premium amount payable towards car insurance is decided by factors such as type of vehicle, age of the vehicle, age of the insured, insured declared value, etc. A car insurance covers for liability, property, and medical expenses. Although it is compulsory for vehicle owners to have insurance, some prefer to purchase additional insurance to ensure further protection.

Enter, Car Insurance. This handy insurance policy covers you against the uncertainties that could befall your cherished vehicle and protects you against the probable financial losses. Car Insurance is usually very easy to purchase, to renew, and a number of reputed insurance companies and wealth managers count this as one of the premier products in their arsenal.

Types of Car Insurance Policies in India

In India, the following types of car insurance policies are in vogue. These policies are categorized based on their overall applicability and are targeted at specific conditions that can impact your cherished vehicle. Broadly speaking, motor vehicle insurance are of two types-

  1. Comprehensive Car Insurance
  2. Third Party Insurance

Comprehensive Car Insurance : As the name specifies, Comprehensive Insurance accounts for a complete range of negatively impactful things that could happen to your vehicle. This includes robust protection from damage/complete loss of car, injury/death that occurs to self, injury/death endured by fellow passengers and/or contracted driver and protection against third party liabilities. Almost all commonly occurring factors are accounted for, including fire, flood, theft, riots, terrorist activities, accidents, etc.

Third Party Insurance : In essence, Third Party Car Insurance doesn’t provide any coverage for the damage/complete loss endured by your vehicle, or the unfortunate injury/death that befalls the insurance holder. This specialised insurance policy serves as financial protection when your vehicle is involved in/is the originator of an unfortunate accident that results in the destruction of third party property and/or involves injury/death of a third party individual. In such cases, the affected party is likely to push you for damages/compensation and the same will be serviced by the applicable third party liability insurance. Thankfully, Indian laws make it mandatory that every car be insured with a basic third party insurance component.

Compare Before Buying the Best Car Insurance Policy Online

  • Popular Car Insurance
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    • Car Insurance for Renault Cars
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    • Car Insurance for Volkswagen Cars
    • Car Insurance for Audi Cars
    • Car Insurance for Ford Cars
    • Car Insurance for BMW Cars

Want another reason to love the internet? How about the absolute ease and speed of comparing online a whole bunch of viable car insurance options?

The best car insurance policies are out there and the World Wide Web offers you the personal, safe and time bound medium to explore them all.

The internet is awash with third party websites that help you compare between the various car insurance policies available to you, from insurers both big and small.

This definitely beats spending oodles of time, manually comparing between the various options- all the commuting, enquiring and double checking, is history!

Humanity is an evolving species, right? The tested fundamentals of old are being slowly, but surely, replaced by modern day options that piggyback on the limitless possibilities offered by the internet.

Comparing car insurance online between the various supposed ‘best’ car insurance policies is just one of the many advantages offered by the modern era of technology and the digital revolution.

Why not indulge in them and gather the most updated, correct and easily retrievable information out there?

If you are a vehicle owner, car insurance is definitely a very thoughtful (and compulsory) investment. And, if you are looking out for an all-encompassing car insurance

policy, find the one that perfectly matches upto your requirements and limitations, online.

What Terms are Usually Covered by a Car Insurance Policy?

  1. Loss or Damage to your Vehicle :

    The average car insurance policy covers the loss or damage endured by your vehicle due to the following reasons,

    • Natural Mishaps: Fire, explosion, self-ignition or lightning, earthquake, flood, typhoon, hurricane, storm, tempest, inundation, cyclone, hailstorm, frost, landslide, rockslide etc.
    • Man-made: Burglary, theft, riot, strike, malicious act, accident by external means, terrorist activity, any damage in transit by road, rail, inland waterway, lift, elevator or air, etc.
  2. Personal Accident Cover: As part of the overall car insurance, most insurers provide personal accident cover in the event of your unfortunate accident while driving. This accident cover can also be extended to passengers, whose number must usually equal the maximum permissible occupancy in the vehicle, as stipulated by the vehicle manufacturer.
  3. Third-Party Legal Liability:The policy also provides for scenarios wherein your vehicle might have been the cause of/ been part of an accident that resulted in the injury, disability or death of an individual (not directly related to you) or caused damages to a third-party property.
  4. Additional Covers:Most policies also include provisions to add additional protection for the various secondary components of the vehicle, including electrical/non-electrical accessories, fog lights, stereo system, mats and seat cover etc. Implementation of bi-fuel injection systems, such as for CNG or LPG, can also be covered.

Car Insurance Add On Covers - Optional But Most Important

The following add-on covers are optionally available, and offer features that might not be entirely covered in the original, comprehensive car insurance policy. These optional car insurance add-on covers offer additional teeth, to your already loaded vehicle insurance policy.

  1. Roadside Assistance- An advantageous resource that plays its part when your vehicle suffers an accident or is rendered immobile due to any number of mechanical/electrical problems. Services include, towing, jump starting a battery, fueling up, help from a mechanic, replacement of keys, etc.
  2. Garage Cash- This car insurance add-on provides for the usual transportation and commute of the owner/driver when the vehicle in question is in the garage for an extended duration of time.
  3. Zero Depreciation Cover- This add-on cover allows you to claim the entire amount for the repair and replacement of damaged parts of your car. Thus, you do not lose money over the depreciation factor- the reduction of the price of the vehicle/spare parts, due to natural wear and tear that occurs from prolonged usage and normal passage of time.
  4. Voluntary Deductible- This clever add-on cover allows you to lower the payable premium amount by increasing the deductible amount in case of a claim. In such an event, the amount of voluntary deductible is borne by you. This add-on cover suits the confident driver, who could use a discounted premium.

The Car Insurance Add On Covers mentioned above are just the tip of an iceberg. Insurers, in their own capacity, offer many more add-on covers that add additional value to the existing comprehensive car insurance policy.

Top Car Insurance Companies in India

“Based on IRDA Annual Report 2015-16 on Business Revenue of Insurers”

  1. ICICI Lombard Car Insurance If you scan across a multitude of popular media, the ICICI Lombard car insurance review will be found to be very encouraging and superior as compared to its immediate competition. A robust, customer oriented and hassle free insurance plan, the ICICI Lombard Car Insurance is designed for the busy, on-the-move Indian. Packed with such features as immediate online policy issue, on-road assistance at anytime and anywhere, over 3100+ network garages and a series of thoughtful riders including ‘Zero Depreciation Cover’ and ‘Accidental Cover for Co-Passengers’, this policy works hard to qualify as the ideal car insurance option for you. No wonder, the company is an absolute trendsetter when it comes to car insurance.
  2. Bajaj Allianz Car Insurance The car insurance packages from Bajaj Allianz are a very popular option with the everyday Indians who are proud owners of their very own set of wheels. Feature rich, customer centric, transparent with easy documentation, Bajaj Allianz Car Insurance comes with such irresistible features as cashless claims at over 1500 garages across India, competent 24x7 customer service, easy claims assistance and the option to purchase and renew the policy online. The handy Bajaj Allianz car insurance calculator available on our website, helps you pinpoint the exact dynamics of your investment and stay on top of things. The Bajaj Allianz Car Insurance is a solid loan option that has enjoyed immense popularity and support from the point of its inception.
  3. Reliance Car Insurance The car insurance package from Reliance, one of India’s iconic conglomerates, is tuned to be highly customer oriented, hassle free and reliable. The list of features and benefits are many, including, limited documentation, cashless facility at 2100+ member garages across India, easy and hassle free claim settlement as well as comprehensive on and off the road insurance that is in line with international standards and configured to take minimum time, minimum efforts and impart maximum feedback and consequently, peace of mind. Reliance Car Insurance has managed to build a staunch following in India, comprising mainly of the busy, always mobile, quality conscious and technology driven Indians.
  4. Tata AIG Car Insurance With such unique features as free car pick up in the event of an emergency, direct and hassle free settlement within 7 days, no claim bonus protection and coverage for non-core accessories like glass and plastic parts, Tata AIG was bound to be a key player in the car insurance segment- and the Tata AIG Car Insurance review from a plethora of satisfied customers amply proves this. The company is a collaboration between two business behemoths, the Tata Group and the American International Group, Inc. (AIG), thereby assuring that professionalism, domain expertise and quality are part of the deal when you purchase car insurance from Tata AIG. If you seek a robust, scalable and reliable insurance option for your cherished set of wheels, then Tata AIG Car Insurance is one of the best in the industry.
  5. Royal Sundaram Car Insurance The age old adage of ‘with experience comes perfection’ sits well with the Royal Sundaram Insurance Company. Licensed since 2001, the Royal Sundaram Car Insurance is a feature rich package that pales its competition in terms of the sheer customer centric options offered. 1800+ cashless garage network across India, 24x7 claims assistance, unlimited claims for zero-depreciation cover and free roadside assistance in the case of emergency makes the car insurance policy from Royal Sundaram a definite advantage. Enjoy peace of mind, cut loose and stretch your car’s running legs with a policy that is designed to have you covered at all times. Burn some rubber without worrying about a flat tyre, a breakdown or accident, Royal Sundaram’s assistance is with you anywhere and everywhere.
  6. Bharti AXA Car Insurance A car insurance policy that’s designed to protect your car, and importantly its passengers and you; Bharti AXA Car Insurance is a clear crowd favourite. Based on a multitude of customer feedback, the car insurance can be pegged as being exceptional, extremely car owner friendly and with a short turnaround time in terms of claim settlements. The essential features of this car insurance policy includes cashless servicing at 2000+ network garages across India, easy 24x7 claim assistance that is backed by a hassle free claims settlement process, and a string of helpful add-on covers. As one of the most popular general insurance companies, Bharti AXA has established its credibility on the back of quality driven processes and adoption of their cherished customers’ concerns as the guiding light that prompts the introduction of newer insurance products. No wonder, when it comes to Bharti AXA car insurance review, there are cheers everywhere!
  7. HDFC ERGO Car Insurance What happens when an Indian banking giant meets a world-beating general insurance pioneer? You get HDFC ERGO General Insurance and its premier product, the HDFC ERGO Car Insurance an insurance policy that is close to the popular public expectations, this car insurance comes loaded with lots of customer centric features and benefits. The list includes cashless claims service at 1600+ member garages across India, a dedicated and expert customer support team that’s always at your beck and call, easy and hassle free claims process and instant online policy issuance and renewals. HDFC ERGO has established itself as a premier car insurance product amongst the discerning Indian public.

Know More About Top Car Insurance Companies in 2016

Get The Benefits Of Buying Car Insurance Online

In principle, the act of purchasing your car insurance online saves time, effort and the expenditure of money and patience, to varying degrees. Elaborating, the perks of latching onto a online car insurance policy are summarized as follows-

Hassle Free Process- Unlike visiting an actual outlet of the insurer, the online car insurance application process is simpler and quicker. Plus, there are no documents to submit or verifications to affect immediately. Thus, within a very limited, clearly defined steps, you are the proud owner of a comprehensive car insurance policy. All of this, from the comfort of your abode or the workstation at your office!

24x7 Coverage- The inherent speed of policy issue that is a principal characteristic of acquiring a online car insurance plan ensures that you are never without coverage. With the purchase of your car insurance online, get instantaneous policy issue with e-copies of the policy that can be accessed anytime, anywhere and printed out.

Everyone is Doing it- Most of the domestic and international car insurance providers operating in India provide the option to purchase or renew your car insurance online. It’s all about customer comfort, right?

The other benefits of subscribing to the e-route include the freedom afforded to you when choosing from a big list of insurers via their online profiles, and the option to conduct business the electronic way without involving money in its physical form. Bottomline, the manifestation of car insurance online is here to stay!!

Things To Remember Before Buying Car Insurance Policy

A car insurance policy offers comprehensive protection and safeguards against legal hassles & expensive repairs in case of a mishap involving the insured car. Choosing the right car insurance can be quite tasking. Not all the policies available in the market gel well with your expectations. It is important to engage good amount of time and resources in learning about benefits & features of policies available in the marketplace to ensure you get the best car insurance policy.

Some of the key considerations should revolve around the following points.

Claim Settlement Ratio
  • How many claims did the insurer receive during a stipulated period and how many were fully settled?
  • You can lookup for data on claim settlement on the insurer’s portal or scout for relevant forums online for reference.
  • Higher the claims settled, better are your prospects of a hassle free claim if a need arises in the future.
Insurance Premium Amount

Money plays a pivotal role in choosing the right car insurance policy. At the end of it, we would like to have a policy that has the best features at a nominal price.

  • Compare car insurance pricing online
  • Get quotes and decide
  • Inquire about hidden charges
  • Estimates for add on coverage
After Sales & Customer Service

A customer friendly insurer understands that efficient customer support is key to customer satisfaction & invests fair amount of resources in building an efficient customer service team.

  • Understand the efficacy of after sales and customer service
  • Read about experiences posted by existing customers
  • Review sites and online forums.

In addition to the above, smaller facets such as network garages & workshops, cashless benefits, brand value should be explored before buying a car insurance.

How to claim car insurance policy?

Car insurance protects the interests of a car owner and safeguards it against expensive repairs and damages caused to self, the insured car and third party. We must take utmost care while driving by following traffic rules and by navigating safely to our destination. Having said this, there can be an unfortunate accident involving the car resulting in damage and/or casualties. In such situations, the car insurance comes handy, helping you to meet the financial obligations relating to the mishap.

The claims procedure can be complex if you do not understand the dynamics surrounding it. Let us tell you more about how you can make it an easy experience.

Claim for Own Damage

In case of a major accident resulting in heavy damage to the car,

  • Inform the insurer immediately.
  • Record a claim and if required by the insurer, you may have to report the incident in the local police station.
  • Do not attempt to move the car unless confirmed by the insurer.
  • If it is a minor damage that does not require police intervention, move the car to a safe location & inform the insurer.
  • Raise a car insurance claim after assessing the damages. Upon authorisation by the representing surveyor, the claimant can proceed with the repair and replacement work.
  • You can pay and claim or if cashless facility is available, the car insurer directly settles the claim with the garage.

Third Party Car Insurance Claim

If the mishap involving your car resulted in damage or casualty to a third party that requires medical attention, shift the victim to a nearby medical facility immediately and call the insurer. The representatives will instruct you further on the action points.

Get More Info On Third Party Car Insurance

Theft Claim

If the car is stolen,

  • Report to the jurisdictional police and insist on an FIR(First Information Report).
  • Call the insurer immediately and inform them about the theft.
  • You will asked to provide a written complaint in the form of an e mail or a letter.
  • Follow the instructions provided for hassle free settlement of the car insurance claim.
  • Referring to the original policy document will help you in getting acquainted with the timelines and procedures.

How to Go for Online Car Insurance Renewal?

The modern world is online 24x7, affecting everything from shopping to clearing out EMIs with ease and reliability. Why must you wait in line to subscribe to a good car insurance policy? Banks has woken upto the advantages of offering car insurance renewal online and are ably supported by third party websites that compare the various available insurance policy products. The inherent procedure is as simple as-

  1. Know Your Requirements- How much car insurance are you looking for? What kind of premium amount are you comfortable with? What type of features and benefits would make for a comprehensive car insurance policy? Understanding your express requirements is always the first step.
  2. Go Online- Access the online portal of the chosen car insurance vendor and purchase the policy after complying with some basic Know Your Customer (KYC) procedures. Usually, requisite documents can be submitted at a later stage when claims are raised on the policy, rendering the online signup procedure that much faster.
  3. Car Insurance Renewal Online- The aforementioned online portal also offers motor insurance renewal. Respond to timely notifications from your insurance provider and pay your premiums on the portal itself. All of this is quick, robust and economical when compared to its traditional, offline version.

How to Purchase Car Insurance Online?

In the modern context, purchasing car insurance online has emerged as a popular option amongst busy people, especially working professionals dwelling in the metros and other big Indian cities. Car insurance companies too have woken upto the latent potential of offering motor insurance online, hosting comprehensive web portals that simplify the procedures of gaining information, signing up and renewing car insurance policies through the magic of the World Wide Web. How can you purchase car insurance online? Read on…

  1. Compare- Different companies, different car insurance products, and hidden somewhere in this pile is your ideal motor insurance policy. It pays to check out the various available options, in terms of the money you save and the additional features that you can get for the average buck.
  2. Login to Purchase- After selecting the ideal policy, it’s time to seek out the insurance provider’s website and check if the option to purchase the motor insurance online is available. Most well-known companies do, and the purchase procedure in itself shouldn’t take a great deal of time. Payments can be affected through credit/debit cards, or netbanking. Also, in most cases, provision of the requisite documents could wait until an actual claim is raised on the policy at a later date.
  3. Renew Online- If purchasing car insurance online was easy, periodically renewing the same is simpler. Just pay heed to the timely emails/SMS from your insurance provider and renew the policy just as how you purchased it in the first place.

The World Wide Web has simplified our lives in a whole range of ways- the option to buy car insurance online being one such uber convenience. Ditch the long lines and the confusion, compare and purchase your motor insurance policy online.

Why Do I Need Car Insurance?

This is a very good question. Why bother with the chicken when you are a Vegan, right? Primarily, the following five reasons should answer your query:

  1. It’s the Law Under the provisions of the Motor Vehicles Act of India, all vehicles that operate in public places must have a car insurance policy as a mandatory document. At the very least, the policy must cover ‘third-party liability’, that is, a cover in scenarios where your vehicle was the cause of an accident that resulted in injury, loss of property and/or death of a third party.
  2. Pay Little Today, Save Big Tomorrow According to recent estimates, every 6th car crash in the world happens in India. This is staggering odds and a likely indication that your car could very well end up on the side of the road one of these days, after a brutal crash that could have resulted in injury, death and of course, massive losses in terms of repairs and replacements for your car. At that instance, the compensation and charges could run into several thousand or lakhs of rupees that may not be immediately available. However, with Car Insurance, there is complete peace of mind - paying a nominal premium today, to be tension-free when an unforeseen accident happens at a later date.
  3. Saving Time When Accidents Happen Accidents are stressful on their own without having to deal with the question of ‘What next?’ With your car insurance, comes your insurer’s expertise in handling these tense situations. Walking you through the claims process, helping you find a good garage and settling your claim on time - things that you will be thankful for when dealing with the aftermath of an unfortunate road accident.
  4. A Supplement for your Health Insurance Most Car Insurance policies offer coverage for injuries that might be sustained by you and your fellow passengers as a result of your vehicle’s accident. If not, personal injury protection can be purchased as an add-on feature. This acts as a powerful supplement to your health insurance - additionally covering for items that might not be covered by your health policy, including specialist care for accident-related injuries, dental repairs, funeral costs etc.
  5. Sustained Peace of MindJust imagine, cruising on an open highway or wriggling through rush hour traffic without overtly worrying about the consequences (mostly financial) of a freak accident or an ‘innocent’ brush-up with an adjoining vehicle. Not having to pay for the mistakes of others. That’s mental peace - in it’s purest form!
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Hassle Free Online Car Insurance Renewal

In today’s fast paced world, getting things done online is nothing short of a divine boon. Car Insurance renewal online is today’s reality, and quite a popular one at that. Almost all car insurance companies in India provide their customers the option to renew their policies online, through simple net banking transactions, or the safe usage of credit/debit cards.

In the bargain, the customer saves valuable time, saves on the basic impetus of money as well as saves his/her often understated patience. The insurers on the other hand, offer this simple online renewal option and are assured of more inquisitive interest from their target audience, greater number of loyal repeat customers, and sizable savings in terms of setting up and maintaining the offline infrastructure. Online policy renewal is here to stay!

Exclusions- Incidents That Aren’t Usually Covered by the Policy

  1. General and natural ageing that results in wear and tear.
  2. Damage caused to vehicle when the driver wasn’t carrying a driver’s license, and/or driving under the influence of alcohol or other mood/mind stimulating substances.
  3. Mechanical or electrical breakdown.
  4. Damage to vehicle by war, mutiny or nuclear attacks.
  5. Depreciation in line with the market scenarios and other external conditions.
  6. Loss of the vehicle or damage incurred that can be sufficiently proven to be deliberate or consequential.
  7. Damage to the vehicle while it was being operated outside the borders of India.

When it comes to finding the best Car Insurance policy that works for your specific requirements, all you can do is ‘compare, compare and compare’. Our expert customer support team is always at hand to help you with your queries, and our uniquely simple website pays loads of respect to your need for functional beauty, user experience and simplicity of operation.

Simply, follow the flow and discover the best Car Insurance in tow. We wish you a lifetime of safe and happy driving…and the comprehensive protection of a robust Car Insurance when bad times strike on the road.

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Car Insurance FAQs

  1. Is owning a car insurance policy mandatory? Yes. According to prevalent motor vehicles laws in India, every vehicle plying on Indian roads must be insured.
  2. Is it possible to purchase car insurance online? Yes. Infact, the option to buy car insurance online is often highlighted by most compliant insurers as a surefire means to stay covered 24x7 and never run out of the applicable coverage.
  3. How do insurers calculate the applicable car insurance premiums? When deciding upon the applicable premium amount, many factors are at play. Different companies charge different rates, based on differing criterias, when it comes to own damage cover. Also, deductibles and the IDV factor play a part when the premium amounts are decided upon. Shop around, and find a policy that best matches your requirements- ideally, avoiding a scenario wherein the premium might be less but the deductibles are high and the coverage and IDV are low.
  4. What is ‘No Claim Bonus’? No Claim Bonus, or NCB in car insurance is the benefit awarded to the insured for not making any claims during the previous policy period. Currently, this bonus ranges from 20% on the Own Damage premium upto a maximum of 50%. Note that this doesn’t apply on liability premium.
  5. Is service tax applicable on the premium payments? Yes. The applicable service tax is in line with the regulations set by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDA).
  6. What documents must always be available in the vehicle for ready inspection?
    1. Copy of the Driving Licence of the individual driving the vehicle.
    2. Insurance Certificate.
    3. Copy of the vehicle’s Registration Certificate.
    4. ‘Pollution Under Control’ Certificate.
  7. What must I do if I lose my insurance policy? Getting a duplicate copy of your insurance policy is very easy. You could either approach your insurer’s office for the same or, if you have procured the car insurance online, print-out the soft-copy of the policy that was forwarded to you.
  8. What is IDV? The Insured’s Declared Value (IDV) refers to the current market value of your vehicle as fixed by your car insurance company. The IDV comes in handy when claims are raised in cases of theft or total loss of the vehicle. Your insurer arrives at your vehicle’s IDV by pitting the manufacturer’s listed selling price against the commonly adhered to depreciation percentage.
  9. What is Zero Depreciation Cover? Commonly offered as an Add-On, the Zero Depreciation Cover offers full settlement on your claim without the usual deduction affected for depreciation (or periodic reduction in value of the vehicle/automotive parts due to natural wear and tear caused due to normal usage). Deduction due to depreciation is a common factor with the normal car insurance.
  10. Why car insurance premiums differ from company to company? Car insurance premium rates differ from one company to another based on their own internal protocols. The company calculates your premium based on these factors- a) The risk posed by you to the insurer, b) the insurer’s operational costs, c) the estimated money that the insurer is likely to pay as settlement through the year.
  11. What are the factors to consider before buying a car insurance policy?
    1. Brand and track record of the insurer.
    2. Coverage and the fine print.
    3. Customer service- both offline and online.
    4. Customization, perks and discounts.
    5. The clincher- Price!!
  12. How to calculate car insurance premiums? The simplest way to calculate your car insurance premiums is with a good Car Insurance Premium Calculator. While most lending banks offer this facility on their websites, competent third party calculators are also readily available.
  13. What is covered under third party motor insurance?

    Third party motor insurance doesn’t cover you and your vehicle. Its major purpose is to protect you against any liability that could arise from your vehicle’s involvement in an accident that led to the loss, damage, injury or death of third party property or individuals. Summing up, the following is covered-

    1. Damage to third party property.
    2. Injury or death of a third party (individual(s)).
    3. Accidental death and/or permanent total disability of the insured vehicle’s owner/driver.
  14. I have shifted to a new place. Is it necessary to update my registration address on my car insurance? How do I do it? Of course it is necessary to update your change of address at RTO as well as inform your motor insurer. You can get in touch with your insurance provider via their toll free number, email or in person. You can do this online as well. Just go to the official website and enter the details in the required columns.
  15. How do I go about transferring my car insurance from one firm to another?

    After informing your current car insurance provider, please submit the documents mentioned below.

    • Transfer of Policy (Sale of Vehicle)
    • New RC duplicate copy /form 29-30
    • Old policy document
    • NOC from the last insured
    • Transfer Charge - INR 50
    • Duly filled new application form, collected from the company.
    • Inspection of the car
  16. I am eligible for a No Claims Bonus (NCB). But I earned it when I went abroad. Can I still avail it? Being a safe driver, you certainly deserve a reward. But when it comes to earning it abroad, there are some slight variations to the eligibility. An insurance user can be granted a No Claims Bonus (NCB) on a new car insurance plan taken out in india as per the eligibility earned overseas. But this is applicable only if the scheme is taken out in india within three years of expiration of the international car insurance plan, depending on applicable provisions of NCB as per these rules and regulations..
  17. Can I get medical cover for bodily harm or demise of the passenger(s) commuted in my car? Should I buy separate cover for that? This is exactly why third party cover is mandatory for all car owners. Car insurance is there to safeguard you when the unforeseen occurs. But when your own actions on the road cause a mishap, this cover becomes even more crucial. And yes, medical expenses are also covered in the third party car insurance, mandatory for all car owners.
Get More Reads On Car Insurance
  • Third Party Car Insurance vs Comprehensive Cover
  • Smart Steps for Switching Car Insurance
  • Top Reasons Why Car Insurance Claims Are Denied
  • Best Tips to Save Money on Car Insurance Renewal
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Used Car Insurance - Surprising Tips and Tricks

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Classic car list insurance rates Whether you just bought a pre-owned Honda for your teenage daughter to drive, or you are in the market for a pre-owned vehicle and you want to explore used car insurance costs, this article can spell out some key thoughts that have been bouncing around your head, analyze typical problems that used car insurance shoppers have, and suggest time-proven strategies and solutions to help you get costs down and make the most out of the coverage you can afford.

The Difference between Used and New Cars: An Insurance Perspective

Here is the good news. Because you are buying a used car, you likely won't have to pay as much for collision and comprehensive coverage. That said, your rates for liability coverage may be just as high as they would be if you got a new car. After all, in a collision, a used car can do just as much damage to people and property as a new car can.

Used Car Insurance Shopping Tips

Assuming you haven't yet finalized your deal, shop for your pre-owned vehicle with these tips in mind to optimize rates. Choose a safe make and model. This is an obvious-sounding point. But you might be surprised at how important a particular vehicle's history can be in terms of influencing an insurers' evaluation of your "riskiness." Take a detailed look at any prospective car's history. Was the car ever in an accident? Did it get rebuilt? Where there any repairs done? Has the car recently been inspected for damage, wear and tear, and other problems? Note any issues. Your insurer certainly will pay attention to these facts.

Tactics and Strategies to Tailor your Used Car Insurance

First and foremost, be a safe driver. Avoid speeding tickets. Avoid accidents (if possible). Reduce the number of miles you drive. Studies show that, as you increase the number of miles you drive, you increase your risk for accidents and injuries. Take a defensive drivers' course and/or a driver's ed course to refresh your understanding of the rules of the road and to install "best practices" for safe driving. Never drive while under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or strong medications. And never speak on a mobile phone (even with a headset) when driving, as many studies suggest that drivers who speak on the cell phone are far more likely to get into crashes. Finally, explore how raising your deductible might impact your used car insurance.

To shop around for used car insurance options, leverage the online service here at NetQuote to find and cross compare 5 plus insurance quotes to save time and reduce aggravation.

See how much you could save today on your car insurance. Get your free auto insurance quotes today!

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