Wiki panda car insurance
- The Four Boys
- 4th Graders
- School Characters
- Federal Government
- Stick of Truth
- Alter Egos
- Pilot Characters
- Get in
- Get around
- See[add listing]
- Do[add listing]
- Buy[add listing]
- Eat[add listing]
- Drink[add listing]
- Sleep[add listing]
- Stay safe
- Get out
- Classification methods
- Size and usage-based vehicle classification systems worldwide
- Economy car
- Family car
- Saloons / sedans
- Luxury vehicle
- Sports cars
- Commercial vehicle
- Other car classification terms
- See also
- External links
- 1 The Four Boys
- 2 4th Graders
- 2.1 Featured 4th Graders
- 2.2 Other 4th Graders
- 2.3 Unnamed 3rd/4th Graders
- 3 School Characters
- 3.1 Preschoolers
- 3.2 Kindergarteners
- 3.3 1st - 3rd Graders
- 3.4 5th - 8th Graders
- 3.5 Teens/Young Adults
- 3.6 School Faculty
- 4 Parents
- 4.1 Marsh Family
- 4.2 Broflovski Family
- 4.3 Cartman Family
- 4.4 McCormick Family
- 4.5 Stotch Family
- 4.6 Tucker Family
- 4.7 Donovan Family
- 4.8 Valmer Family
- 4.9 Burch Family
- 4.10 Black Family
- 4.11 Testaburger Family
- 4.12 Tweak Family
- 4.13 Stevens Family
- 4.14 Barbrady Family
- 4.15 Biggle Family
- 4.16 Stoley Family
- 4.17 Knitts Family
- 4.18 Turner Family
- 4.19 Daniels Family
- 4.20 Larsen Family
- 4.21 Mephesto Family
- 4.22 Rodriguez Family
- 4.23 Charlotte's Family
- 4.24 Nelly's Family
- 4.25 4th Graders' Families
- 4.26 Other Parents
- 4.27 Parents Outside Town
- 5 Adults
- 5.1 Townsfolk
- 5.2 LGBT Community
- 5.3 Old People
- 5.4 Magic The Gathering Watchers
- 5.5 Cab Drivers
- 5.6 MotivationCorp Employees
- 5.7 Work Force
- 5.8 Local Businesspeople
- 5.9 South Park Mall
- 5.10 Big Business
- 5.11 Churchfolk and Cemetery Staff
- 5.12 Civil Servants
- 5.13 Police Officers
- 5.14 U. S. Geological Survey
- 5.15 Doctors
- 5.16 Newspeople
- 5.17 Farmers/Rednecks
- 5.18 Natives
- 5.19 Pioneer Village
- 5.20 Red Light District
- 5.21 Criminals
- 5.22 Unnamed Townsfolk
- 5.23 Internet Trolls
- 5.24 Thieves' Club
- 5.25 Colorado
- 5.26 Outside Town
- 6 Federal Government
- 6.1 Military
- 6.2 Executive Agencies
- 6.3 U. S. Politics
- 6.4 Presidential Candidates
- 6.5 Trump/Garrison Campaign and Administration
- 6.6 Clinton and Obama Administrations
- 6.7 Bush Administration
- 7 Canadians
- 7.1 Canadian Celebrities
- 7.2 Canadian Government
- 7.3 Canadian Citizens
- 7.4 Canadian Critters
- 8 Non-Human
- 8.1 Aliens
- 8.2 Pets
- 8.3 Animals
- 8.4 Lice
- 8.5 Ghosts
- 8.6 Hallucinations
- 8.7 Mascots
- 8.8 Stuffed Animals/Toys
- 8.9 Drones
- 8.10 Robots
- 8.11 Local Creatures
- 8.12 Monsters
- 8.13 Pinkeye Zombies
- 8.14 Nazi Zombies
- 8.15 Other
- 9 Religious
- 9.1 Holiday
- 9.2 Demons
- 9.3 Religious Figures
- 9.4 Church Leadership
- 9.5 Super Best Friends
- 9.6 Deities
- 10 Celebrities
- 10.1 South Park Exclusive
- 10.2 Fictional
- 10.3 Historical
- 10.4 Historical Fictitious
- 10.5 Internet
- 10.6 Musicians
- 10.7 Bands
- 10.8 Directors
- 10.9 Movie Stars
- 10.10 Comedians
- 10.11 TV Actors
- 10.12 Newcasters
- 10.13 Daytime Television
- 10.14 Late Night
- 10.15 TV Chefs
- 10.16 Children's TV
- 10.17 Reality TV
- 10.18 Japan
- 10.19 World Leaders
- 10.20 Sports
- 10.21 Football
- 10.22 NFL Owners
- 10.23 NASCAR
- 10.24 Dead Celebrity Ghosts
- 10.25 Misc. Celebrities
- 11 Stick of Truth
- 11.1 Fighters of Zaron
- 12 Alter Egos
- 12.1 Halloween Costumes
- 12.2 Stupid Spoiled Whore Girls
- 12.3 Texans vs. Mexicans Costumes
- 12.4 Simpsons Versions
- 13 Groups
- 13.1 Boys' Identities
- 13.2 Cliques
- 13.3 Other Kids Groups
- 13.4 South Park Cows
- 13.5 Local Teams
- 13.6 Adult Groups
- 13.7 Musical Groups
- 13.8 Criminal Groups
- 13.9 Sports Teams
- 13.10 Religious Groups
- 13.11 Future Atheist Groups
- 13.12 Other Cultures
- 13.13 Supernatural Groups
- 14 Pilot Characters
The Four Boys
Featured 4th Graders
Dog Poo Petuski
Other 4th Graders
Annie (Butters' Bottom Bitch)
Apple Replacement Friend
Bradley (Cartman Sucks)
Greeley Batter (Brian)
Carlos (My Future Self N' Me)
Christophe The Mole
Felipe (My Future Self N' Me)
Francis (Special Ed)
Gregory of Yardale
Jessie (Medicinal Fried Chicken)
Kelly P. Gardner
Kevin (Summer Sucks)
Michael (Special Ed)
Nathan casual outfit
Simon Van Gelder
Tommy (Medicinal Fried Chicken)
Unnamed 3rd/4th Graders
Annie Knitts' Boyfriend
Black Haired Canadian Girl (Where My Country Gone?)
Brown Coat Girl (T.M.I.)
Canadian Alanis Morissette Lookalike (Where My Country Gone?)
Carol's Older Daughter
Skinny Cartman Imposter (Fat Camp)
Creepy Hallway Kids (Ass Burgers)
Girl with Green Shirt and Ponytail
Little Girl with the Puppy T-Shirt (The Ring)
Nose-Picker (About Last Night...)
Orange Shirt Boy
Red Shirt (Flashbacks)
Short Blonde-Haired Girl
Tripply (Scarf Boy)
Asian Girl no.1
Asian Girl no.2
Asian Girl no.3
Asian Girl no.4
Asian Girl no.5
Asian Girl no.6
Asian Girl no.7
Asian Girl no.8
Brown-Haired Pigtail Girl
Ike's Friends (#REHASH)
1st - 3rd Graders
Blonde Boy With Freckles
Carol's Younger Daughter
Laura (Erection Day)
Premise Running Thin
Small Blonde Girl at Airport
Smitty from New York
5th - 8th Graders
6th Grade Leader
Clark (Erection Day)
Davey (Britney's New Look)
Jake (Stick of Truth)
Michael (Tall Goth)
Mike Vampir McKowski
Pete (Hair-flip Goth)
Kelly and Stacy
Stephen Tamill's Friends
Christmas Family Boy
Dorky Girl (Asspen)
Mark (Lords of the Underworld)
Michael (Fat Butt and Pancake Head)
Scott Tenorman's Friends
Schlomo (Theater Clerk)
Tween Wave Fans
Thumper the Ski Instructor
Mr. Evans and the School Board
Girls Volleyball Coach
Mitchell the Janitor
Mrs. Nelson (The City Part of Town)
Mr. Romero, music teacher
The Marsh Family
Fat Bob Cartman
Cartman's Fantasy Family
Cartman's Fantasy Family
Cartman's Fantasy Family
Cartman's Fantasy Family
Garland (Kenny's Dog)
Junkyard Dog (Stick of Truth)
Laura Tucker in Buttoned Dress (Tweek x Craig)
Rex (Clyde's Dog)
The Burch Family
Richard and Helen Burch
The Stevens Family
Thumper (Bebe's cat)
Barbrady and Barney
Barney (Barbrady's Dog)
The Knitts Family
The Turner Family
Mr. Turner (Marjorine)
Steven Turner (Probably)
Mrs. Turner (Probably)
Mr. and Mrs. Turner (Mr. Hankey's Christmas Classics)
Mr. and Mrs. Daniels
The Larsen Family
The Mephesto Family
Dr. Alphonse Mephesto
The Rodriguez Family
Thomas (Charlotte's Father)
Nelly's Parents (Going Native)
4th Graders' Families
Bill and Fosse's Dads
Mr. and Mrs. Cotswolds
Mr. and Mrs. Hakeem
Mr. and Mrs. Triscotti
Birthday Party Parents (Cock Magic)
Christmas Family Mon and Dad
Mr. and Mrs. Brown
Mr. and Mrs. Drordry
Mr. and Mrs. Feegan
The Mole's Mom
Mr. Peterson (Fishsticks)
Mrs. Peterson (Lil' Crime Stoppers)
Tom (Summer Sucks)
Parents Outside Town
Mr. and Mrs. Garrison, Sr.
Mr. and Mrs. Mackey Sr.
Mr. and Mrs. Weatherhead
Ben and Girlfriend
Charlie, the DYNO-MIGHT firework company owner
Dylan and Sarah (Cartoon Wars)
Juanita (Two Guys Naked in A Hot Tub)
Ms. Donovan the Temptress (Probably)
Enchorito Mark and Wife
Jack and Elsie Garrett
Japanese Singer (Mecha-Streisand)
Josh and Lisa
Marc (Cripple Fight)
Dr. David Nelson
Brad PC Arizona State
PC Arizona State
PC U Mass (Topher)
PC Chino Hills
PC Ohio State
Principal Victoria's Husband
South Park City Planner
Steven and Girlfriend
Stu, of Stu's Firework Shack
Travis and Wife
Martha (The Damned)
Man Driving Car (The Damned)
Big Gay Al
Big Gay Al
Gay Court Judge (The F Word)
Christmas Family Grandma
Magic The Gathering Watchers
Green Skull Shirt Magic Watcher
Yellow shirt Magic Watcher
Nerdy Fat Magic Watcher
Fat Nerdy Magic Watcher
Faux Hawk Magic Watcher
Peach Fuzz Magic Watcher
Red Hat Magic Watcher
Buck Tooth Gameshirt Magic Watcher
Curly Hair Magic Watcher
Girl with Hair Up Magic Watcher
Magic Game Referee
Striped Hat Magic Watcher
Tech Support Magic Watcher
SP Cabbies' Union
Messy Hair Cabbie
Cab Driver (Erection Day)
Butters Stotch (Future Self)
Eric Cartman (Future Self)
Stan Marsh (Future Self)
Bob Ferrin and Laura Jones
Busy Beaver Truck Driver
Cable Company Worker
Frank Hammond and Phil
Gary Nelson (Hilton)
Hobby Enthusiast Clerk
Howard J. Flannigan
Marty and Postman
Panda Express Worker
Papa John's Employees
Rachel from Quality Curtains
Ron (SMP Employee)
South Park City Transit Bus Driver
Thad the UPS Man
Benny the Banker
Michael, the Alcoholic's Anonymous leader
Dean from Dean's Jewelry Bonanza
Mr. Jarvis (editor)
Dr. Lindsay, Psychic
Peppermint Hippo DJ
Tuong Lu Kim
Tuong Lu Kim with Flesh Cheekbones and Gray Pants (City Sushi)
Bryan Boyant - Geico Insurance
South Park Mall
Mall Manager (Something You Can Do With Your Finger)
Mall Manager (Black Friday)
Sausage and Cheese Cart Owner
Black Friday Security Guards
Security Guard Cadet
Cable Company President
Doug the President of FOX
Don Heisman, CAA Agent
Faith Records CEO
Jesus & Pals Producer
Marty the Director
Whole Foods Inspector
Mr. Hirohito President of Chinpoko Toy Corporation
Mr. Ose Chinpoko Toy Corporation - Associate
World of Warcraft Support Line Representative
Blizzard Gaming Entertainment President World of Warcraft
Jim and Thomas World of Warcraft
Churchfolk and Cemetery Staff
Cemetery Staff Priest
Mt. Peaceful Cemetery Staff
Camp New Grace Counselors
Colorado Supreme Court Justices
Female CPS Agent
Governor of Colorado
Bob Johnson (Mayor's Aide)
Ted (Mayor's Aide)
Mayor's Aide #3
Warden of Tolerance Camp
Park County Police
Detective Murphy (The Jeffersons)
Detectives Hyde and Richardson
Officer Mitchell Adams
Harrison 'Harris' Yates
U. S. Geological Survey
Carol (Geological Office)
Geological Survey Supervisor
Mr. Nelson (Goobacks)
Anger Management Therapist
Clinic Doctor (Pinkeye)
Dr. Horatio Gauche
Hell's Pass Doctor (Poor and Stupid)
Hell's Pass Nurses
Dr. Jonathan Katz
Lice Treatment Doctor
Lice Treatment Nurses
Lice Treatment Nurse
Dr. Martin Poonlover
Unplanned Parenthood Doctor
Unplanned Parenthood Nurse
Dr. Wayne Schroeder
Asian Reporter Who Looks Like Ricardo Montalban
BBC Anchor (Wieners Out)
Cock Magic Announcer
Combat Reporter (You're Not Yelping)
CNN Anchor (Douche and a Danish)
Sid Greenfield and Crew
International News Reporter (The Damned)
Quadriplegic Swiss Man on a Pony
Tom News Four
Robert T. Pooner (Nebraska)
Bill from Whistlin' Willy's (You're Not Yelping)
Carl the Weapons Expert
Dancing Duck Farmer
Janitor and Farmer
Janitor and Farmer
Skeeter (With Apologies to Jesse Jackson)
South Park Express Clerk
Chief Runs With Premise
Chief Running Water
David 'Running Horse' Sawitsky
Native Canadians (Inuit)
The Yanagapa Tribe
David 'Chad' Palmer
Red Light District
Q Money (pimp)
Would You like a Dance?
Booktastic Bus Driver
Cock Magic Promoter
Cock Magic Promoter Bodyguard A
Cock Magic Promoter Bodyguard B
Ghost of Human Kindness
Pedophile (A Ladder to Heaven)
9/11 Truth Guy
Dough Eating Man
Drunk Man (Handicar)
Geeky Computer Guys
Hoffman & Turk Attorney
Hot Yoga Chick (Safe Space)
Man and Wife (World War Zimmerman)
Theater Attendant in Hoodie
Village Inn Waitress
Lillith and Boyfriend
Whole Foods Checker
Internet Trolls (Fort Collins)
Internet Trolls as Spies (Aw, Jeez)
Dildo Schwaggins (Pajamas)
Sea Park Announcers
Sea Park Announcers
Fort Collins Man and Daughter
Fort Collins Club Member
Gay Red Wings Players
Red Wings Coach and Dad
Australian Outback Guy
Larry (Prehistoric Ice Man)
Calvin and Little Buck
Mark and Linda Cotner
Stephen and Martha Thompson
Steve With Customer Service
Tom and Mary
ATF Commander Danny Ganz
Captain Taylor and Captain Gabriel
Flame Thrower Man
Johnson (PC Principal Final Justice)
Weathers (PC Principal Final Justice)
Naval Carrier Officers
Big Bad Government Guy
FBI Agent Fields
Papa Johns Hazmat Workers
Secret Service Agents
Secret Service Agent Nelson
Toilet Safety Administration
USDA Scientist Jeff White
USDA Scientist John Garner
Agent Bill Sphinx (Starvin' Marvin in Space)
Agent Donelly (Starvin' Marvin in Space)
U. S. Politics
Ambassador of Humans
United States Senate
John F. Kennedy and Son
Trump/Garrison Campaign and Administration
Herbert Garrison (Sponsored Content)
Herbert Garrison with Tan (Member Berries)
President-elect Herbert Garrison (Members Only)
Clinton and Obama Administrations
Bill Clinton (The Red Badge of Gayness)
Bill Clinton (Aw, Jeez)
Al Gore (The Red Badge of Gayness)
George W. Bush
George W. Bush (Super Best Friends)
Donald Rumsfeld (Mystery of the Urinal Deuce)
Prince of Canada
Prince of Canada
Princess of Canada
The Queef Sisters
Bishop of Banff
Beelzeboot the Canadian Devil
Black-Haired Canadian Presidential Aide
Canadian Border Wall Guard
Canadian Minister of Mobile Gaming (Beelzeboot)
Canadian Minister of Mobile Gaming
Canadian Minister of Movies
Canadian Minister of Sports
Canadian Presidential Aide Johnson
Duke of Calgary
Duke of Vancouver
Earl of Winnipeg
Minister of Montreal
Prime Minister of Canada
Queen of Canada
Rick the Mountie
Terry the Minister of Health
French Canadian Mime
Red Canadians Group
Scott the Dick
Steve the Newfoundlander
Suicidal Canadian Man (Where My Country Gone?)
Canadian Barking Spider
Baby Fark McGeezax
Biggest Douche Judges
People of Indi
Ursula The Giant Douche
Paris Hilton's Pets
Gadnuk the Breaker of Worlds
Ginger Cow (character)
Jimmy (the bulldog)
Paris Hilton's Pets
Scrambles (Major Boobage)
Paris Hilton's Pets
Paris Hilton's Pets
Adorable Bunnies (Pip)
Fat Cat (Cat Orgy)
Ostrich-Human Hybrid Child
Whale and Dolphin
Female Survivor Lice
Vice President Craig
Great Grandpa Marsh
Sir John Harrington
Edgar Allen Poe
Sexual Harassment Panda
Unmasked Whistlin' Willy
Antonio Banderas Blowup Doll
Doll With Bush
Muscle Man Marc
Polly Prissy Pants
Stop Touching Me Elmo
Timmy's Teddy Bear (Handicar)
National Guard Drone
Riot Police Drone
Bill Cosby (android)
Roger Goodell (Goodell-Bot)
McCormick's Robot Gaurd
Robot Monkeys (Pip)
Gnome CEO of Public Relations
Big Black Scary Monster
Evil Clone Stan
Osama bin Laden
Stan's Facebook Profile (You Have 0 Friends)
Statue of Abraham Lincoln
Statue of John Wilkes Booth
Dr. Tristan Adams
Nazi Zombie Chef
Nazi Zombie Cows
Nazi Zombie Fetuses
Nazi Zombie Kittens
Nazi Zombie Princess Kenny
Nazi Zombie Underpants Gnomes
Member Berries (character)
Beelzeboot the Canadian Devil
Michael the Archangel
Pope Benedict XVI
Pope John Paul II
Super Best Friends
Super Best Friends (team)
South Park Exclusive
Aging Hippie Liberal Douche
Jeff and Patty Hamill
Mayor of Imaginationland
The Griffins (Family Guy)
The Joker (Heath Ledger)
Colonel Harland Sanders
Mrs. Joe Gargery
Escaped Convict (Pip)
Chocolate Rain Guy
Cute Sneezing Panda
Dramatic Look Gopher
Numa Numa Guy
Oh Long Johnson Cat
Star Wars Kid
Ronnie James Dio
Cee Lo Green
Elton John (Chef Aid)
Wing Lu Kim
Ronnie James Dio
Francis Ford Coppola
Mel Gibson (The Passion of the Jew)
M. Night Shyamalan
Cheech and Chong
Angus T. Jones
Bill Cosby (actor)
Sarah Jessica Parker
Kathie Lee Gifford
Dr. Phil McGraw
Dr. Mehmet Oz
Giada de Laurentiis
Charlie Brown (Peanuts)
Lucy van Pelt (Peanuts)
Beth (Dawg's Bitch)
Honey Boo Boo
Finding Bigfoot Crew
The Ghost Hunters
Nanny 911 Nanny Stella
Whale Wars crew
Luis Inacio Lula da Silva
Queen Elizabeth II
Costa Rican Leader
Costa Rican Guard #1
Costa Rican Guard #2
Costa Rican Marxist Leader
Costa Rican Marxist Soldiers
Robert Griffin III
O. J. Simpson
Virginia Halas McCaskey
Dale Earnhardt Jr.
Dead Celebrity Ghosts
George R. R. Martin
Stick of Truth
Fighters of Zaron
Fighters of Zaron
The Grand Wizard King
Anime Wizard King
Ranger Stan Marshwalker
High Jew Elf King
Princess Kenny (non-anime)
Paladin Butters the Merciful
Feldspar the Thief
The Lord of Darkness
Token Black the Healer
Fast Travel Timmy
Viking Goth Kids
Pirate King Ike
Ranger Scott Malkinson
Elf Warrior DogPoo
Elf Warrior Jason
Human Warrior Clyde
KKK Cartman (Pinkeye)
Raggedy Andy (Pinkeye)
Chewbacca Kyle (Pinkeye)
Zombie Kenny (Pinkeye)
Chewbacca Bill and Fosse
Wendy Chewbacca (Pinkeye)
Marolyn Monroe Garrison (Pinkeye)
Mr Hat Chewbacca (Pinkeye)
Solar System Kyle (Pinkeye)
Vampire Kyle (Pinkeye)
Evel Knievel Chef (Pinkeye)
Michael Jackson Chef (Pinkeye)
Witch Ms. Cartman
Ryan Gosling Garrison (Drive)
Finn (Adventure Time)
The Shining Randy
The Incredible Cartman
Captain America Stan
Captain America on FaceTime
Stupid Spoiled Whore Girls
Whore Powder Turner
Whore Kelly Rutherford-Menskin
Whore Kelly Pinkerton-Tinfurter
Texans vs. Mexicans Costumes
Border Patrol Cartman
Border Patrol Clyde
Border Patrol Craig
Border Patrol Dog Poo
Border Patrol Jason
Border Patrol Timmy
Simpsons Mr. Garrison
Simpsons Liane Cartman
Simpsons Mrs. Crabtree
The Boys (Preschool)
The Boys Churchwear (Red Hot Catholic Love)
Faith + 1
Clyde Frog's Funeral Attendees (1%)
Coon and Friends
The Fellowship of the Lord of the Rings
Live-Action Boys (Grounded Vindaloop)
The Llama Brothers
Ninjas of Tokugawa
Obese World of Warcraft Boys
Official Presidents of the Terrance and Phillip Fan Club
Flashback Pee-Wee Hockey Team
South Park Children's Choir (The City Part of Town)
South Park Junior Detectives
South Park Ninja Clan
Super Awesome Talent Agency
The Washington Redskins (Company)
World Takedown Federation
Craig and Those Guys
Craig's Metrosexual Gang
Craig's Ninja Gang
Harry Potter Kids
Orange County Dance Crew
Pleases and Sparkles Club
Purity Ring Kids
Other Kids Groups
1974 Kids (Insheeption)
Billy Thompson and Friends
Fort Collins Team
Camp New Grace Kids
The Foley Kids
Canadian Kids (Where My Country Gone?)
City Wok Child Labor
Wieners Out (group)
Kissing Company Ltd
Fat Camp Kids
South Park Cows
Cows Boys' Basketball Players
Cows Dodgeball Players
Cows Football Players
Cows Girls' Volleyball Players
Cows Sarcastaball Players
Adams County Pee-Wee Hockey Team
Chinese Dodgeball Players
Getting Gay With Kids
Park County Pee-Wee Hockey Team
South Park Diggities
South Park Pirate Club
Hare Club for Men
Latin Dads (South Park is Gay)
Mothers Against Canada
The National Association of Marlon Brando Look-Alikes
PC Delta Fraternity
South Park Committee
Tardicaca Camp Counselors
True Freaks Union
Wolf Home Security
Secret Society of Cynics
Butt Out! (group)
Ghetto Avenue Boys
Lords of the Underworld
Burger King Bandits
Ku Klux Klan
Legion of Doom
Red Box Killers
Super Adventure Club
Three Escaped Convicts
1989 Denver Broncos
Denver Broncos Cheerleaders
Denver Broncos Fans
Detroit Red Wings
Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders
Dallas Cowboys Fans
Kansas City Chiefs
Los Angeles Clippers
New England Patriots
Church of Scientology
Future Atheist Groups
Allied Atheist Alliance
Unified Atheist League
United Atheist Alliance
The Japanese (Whale Whores)
Mr. Vladchick, the Quints' father
Citizens of Imaginationland
Council of Nine (Imaginationland)
Knights of Standards and Practices
The Three Murderers
Frosty the Snowman
- 1 Districts
- 2 Understand
- 2.1 History
- 2.2 Addresses and navigation
- 2.3 Climate
- 2.4 Films
- 3 Get in
- 3.1 By plane
- 3.1.1 Suvarnabhumi Airport
- 18.104.22.168 Facilities
- 22.214.171.124 Transport
- 3.1.2 Buses
- 3.1.3 Taxis
- 126.96.36.199 Accommodation near the airport
- 3.1.4 Don Muang Airport
- 188.8.131.52 Airport Bus
- 184.108.40.206 City Bus
- 3.1.1 Suvarnabhumi Airport
- 3.2 By bus
- 3.3 By minibus
- 3.4 By train
- 3.5 By ship
- 3.6 By car
- 3.1 By plane
- 4 Get around
- 4.1 By public transit
- 4.1.1 Skytrain
- 4.1.2 Metro
- 4.1.3 Airport Rail Link
- 4.1.4 BRT Sathon-Ratchaphruek Line
- 4.1.5 SRT Light Red Line
- 4.2 By boat
- 4.2.1 Chao Phraya Express Boat
- 4.2.2 Saen Saep Express Boat
- 4.2.3 River taxi
- 4.3 By taxi
- 4.3.1 Metered taxi
- 4.3.2 Tuk-tuk
- 4.3.3 Motorbike taxi
- 4.4 By bus
- 4.5 By car
- 4.1 By public transit
- 5 See
- 5.1 Itineraries
- 6 Do
- 6.1 Tuk Tuk tours
- 6.2 Bicycle tours
- 6.3 Bangkok On The Run
- 6.4 Nature tours
- 6.5 Canal tours
- 6.6 Muay Thai
- 6.7 Cultural performances
- 6.8 Pampering
- 6.9 Entertainment
- 6.10 Festivals
- 7 Learn
- 7.1 Study Abroad in Bangkok
- 7.2 Culinary studies
- 7.3 Meditation
- 7.4 Thai language schools
- 8 Buy
- 9 Eat
- 9.1 Dessert
- 9.2 Street food
- 9.3 Ethnic cuisine
- 9.4 Dinner cruises
- 10 Drink
- 10.1 Go-go and beer bars
- 10.2 Gay nightlife
- 11 Sleep
- 12 Stay safe
- 12.1 Scams
- 12.2 Go-go bars
- 12.3 Fights
- 12.4 Animal abuse
- 12.5 Food and water
- 13 Contact
- 13.1 Internet
- 13.2 Telephone
- 13.3 Post
- 14 Cope
- 14.1 Medical tourism
- 14.2 Immigration office
- 14.3 Embassies
- 15 Get out
- 15.1 Close-by
- 15.2 Central Thailand
- 15.3 Further destinations
Bangkok is the capital of Thailand and, with a population of over eleven million inhabitants, by far its largest city. Its high-rise buildings, heavy traffic congestion, intense heat and naughty nightlife may not immediately give you the best impression — but don't let that mislead you. It is one of Asia's most cosmopolitan cities with magnificent temples and palaces, authentic canals, busy markets and a vibrant nightlife that has something for everyone.
For years, it was only a small trading post at the banks of the Chao Phraya River, until King Rama I, the first monarch of the present Chakri dynasty, turned it into the capital of Siam in 1782, after the burning of Ayutthaya by Burmese invaders but they did not take over Ayutthaya. Since then, Bangkok has turned into a national treasure house and functions as Thailand's spiritual, cultural, political, commercial, educational and diplomatic centre.
DistrictsMap of Central Bangkok
Bangkok is a huge and modern city humming with nightlife and fervour. Administratively, it is split up into 50 districts (เขต khet), which are further split into 154 subdistricts (แขวง khwaeng), but these are more often used in official business and for addresses. Visitors will find the conceptual division below of the main areas more useful for getting around.
| Siam Square |
The area around Siam Square, including Ratchaprasong and Phloen Chit Road, is Bangkok's modern commercial core, full of glitzy malls and hotels.
| Sukhumvit |
The long Sukhumvit Road is an exclusive district popular among expatriates and upper class locals. It is filled with quality hotels, restaurants and nightclubs. Part of its nightlife represents Bangkok's naughty image, particularly Soi Cowboy and Nana Entertainment Plaza.
| Silom |
The area around Silom Road and Sathorn Road is Thailand's sober financial centre by day, but Bangkok's primary party district by night when quarters like the infamous Patpong come alive.
| Rattanakosin |
Between the river and downtown lies the densely packed "Old Bangkok", home to Bangkok's best-known sights, such as the Grand Palace and Wat Pho. Sanam Luang Square is where major festivals are celebrated and marks the center of historical Bangkok
| Khao San Road |
On the northern part of Rattanakosin, Bangkok's backpacker mecca, Khao San Road and the surrounding district of Banglamphu have everything a budget traveller could possibly be looking for.
| Yaowarat and Phahurat |
Along Yaowarat Road you will find Bangkok's Chinatown, while Phahurat Road is the home of the city's sizable Indian community. This multicultural district is filled with temples, shrines, seafood restaurants and street markets.
| Dusit |
This leafy, European-style area is the political centre of Thailand, home to numerous political institutions and the monarchy. Its breezy palaces, lush gardens and broad avenues give this district its distinct character.
| Thonburi |
The quieter west bank of the Chao Phraya River, consisting of several districts. Most visitors explore this side of Bangkok with a canal tour, at least taking in Wat Arun, the Royal Barges National Museum and one of the floating markets.
| Pratunam |
Pratunam is a large garment market with hundreds of fashion stores selling both retail and wholesale. It also includes Baiyoke Tower II and Victory Monument.
| Phahonyothin |
The area around Phahonyothin Road and Viphavadi Rangsit Road is a large suburb in northern Bangkok. In weekends, it is the best place to go hunting for bargains. The Chatuchak Weekend Market has more than 8,000 stalls selling anything and everything under the sun.
| Ratchadaphisek |
Since the completion of the metro line, Ratchadaphisek Road has developed into an entertainment mecca for the locals. The sois of "Ratchada" are popular clubbing spots, as is Royal City Avenue (RCA).
| Ramkhamhaeng |
Along Ramkhamhaeng Road lies a vast residential area with big shopping malls and amusement parks (like Safari World). Each neighbourhood has its own distinct character, but Hua Mak and Bang Kapi stand out as lively areas with many students from the universities.
| Lat Krabang |
Lat Krabang is in proximity to Bangkok International Airport. In this area are many hotels, including some good budget ones, where they will do a pickup and return to Suvarnabhumi airport.It is not much of an entertainment area at all. Lat Krabang Airport Rail Link Station is at one end of Lat Krabang Road, and Lat Krabang Town at the other end. This is the first station out of the Airport.
Around Bangkok are the provinces of Nakhon Pathom to the west, Nonthaburi to the northwest, Pathum Thani to the north, Chachoengsao to the east, Samut Prakan to the southeast and Samut Sakhon to the southwest.
Just under 14 degrees north of the Equator, Bangkok is a tropical metropolis that is also one of the most traveller-friendly cities in Asia. A furious assault on the senses, visitors are immediately confronted by the heat, the pollution and the irrepressible smile that accompanies many Thais. Despite the sensationalised international news reports and first impressions, the city is surprisingly safe (except from some petty crimes) and more organised than it initially appears, and full of hidden gems waiting to be discovered. The high relative humidity and warm temperature favour the growth of tropical plants — you'll find orchids and delicious fruit everywhere. Bougainvillea and frangipani bloom practically all over the city. Thai cuisine is justifiably famous, varied, and affordable. Bangkok for many represents the quintessential Asian capital. Saffron-robed monks, garish neon signs, graceful Thai architecture, spicy dishes, colourful markets, traffic jams and the tropical climate come together in a happy coincidence. It is difficult to leave with lukewarm impressions of the city.
HistoryChakri Maha Prasat Hall, Grand Palace
"Bangkok" originally was a small village on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River. After the fall of Ayutthaya in the late 18th century, King Taksin the Great turned that village into Siam's new capital and renamed it Thonburi. In 1782, King Rama I moved the capital to the eastern bank of the river at Rattanakosin; originally the site of a Chinese community, who were moved outside of the new city walls to Yaowarat. King Rama I named the city Krung Thep, as it is now known to Thais and which in English is translates as the "City of Angels".
The full name "Krung thep mahanakhon amorn ratanakosin mahintharayutthaya mahadilok popnoparat ratchathani burirom udomratchanivetmahasathan amornpiman avatarnsathit sakkathattiyavisnukarmprasit" (กรุงเทพมหานคร อมรรัตนโกสินทร์ มหินทรายุธยามหาดิลกภพ นพรัตน์ราชธานี บุรีรมย์อุดมราชนิเวศน์มหาสถาน อมรพิมานอวตารสถิต สักกะทัตติยะวิษณุกรรมประสิทธิ์) is listed as the world's longest location name by the Guinness Book of Records; an English rendering goes like this: "The city of angels, the great city, the residence of the Emerald Buddha, the impregnable city of Ayutthaya of God Indra, the grand capital of the world endowed with nine precious gems, the happy city, abounding in an enormous Royal Palace that resembles the heavenly abode where reigns the reincarnated god, a city given by Indra and built by Vishnukarn". The original village of Bangkok has long since ceased to exist, but foreigners never caught on to the change.
Life was taking place on the water; ordinary people lived on bamboo-rafts along the river, while floating vendors roamed the water to sell fruit and vegetables. The only stone structures built on land were temples and palaces. In the 19th-century, Western powers incorporated much of Southeast Asia into their colonial empires. King Rama IV and V felt that the only way to keep Siam independent was to modernise the country along European lines. Traditional canals were filled up and turned into roads. King Rama V moved the residence of the King to Dusit and laid out that district's grand boulevards along European lines.
Bangkok really started to develop after World War II. The economic centre shifted from the orderly planned city of Rattanakosin in an eastward direction, leaving Bangkok without an obvious centre. Bangkok established itself as the driving power behind Thailand's new role as a newly industrializing country from the 1980s onwards. Rapid economic growth has attracted migration from the countryside, with millions of Thais moving here from Isaan to make a living.
This rapid expansion turned Bangkok into one of the most cosmopolitan and happening cities in Asia; but also ensured numerous problems. A wide gap has emerged between those who profit from economic activity, and those who came to the city from the countryside in search of work. Bangkok's seemingly never-ending traffic jams continue as the new Skytrain and metro systems are not really connected with other means of public transportation.
Addresses and navigation
Addresses in Bangkok use the Thai addressing system, which may be a little confusing to the uninitiated. Large roads such as Silom or Sukhumvit are thanon (ถนน), often abbreviated Th or glossed "Road", while the side streets branching off from them are called soi (ซอย). Sois are numbered, with even numbers on one side and odd numbers on the other side. Thus, an address like "25 Sukhumvit Soi 3" means house/building number 25 on the 3rd soi of Sukhumvit Road. While the soi numbers on each side will always advance upward, the numbers often do not advance evenly between sides — for example, Soi 55 could be across from Soi 36. Many well-known sois have an additional name, which can be used instead of the number. Sukhumvit Soi 3 is also known as "Soi Nana Nuea", so the address above might thus also be expressed as "25 Soi Nana Nuea". The extension /x is used for new streets created between existing streets, as seen in Sukhumvit's soi pattern 7, 7/1, 7/2, 9, 11. Note that some short alleys are called trok (ตรอก) instead of soi.Bangkok
To make things a little more complex, some large sois like Soi Ekkamai (Sukhumvit Soi 63) and Soi Ari (Phahonyothin Soi 7) have their own sois. In these cases, an address like "Ari Soi 3" means "the 3rd soi off Soi Ari", and you may even spot addresses like "68/2 Ekkamai Soi 4, Sukhumvit Road", meaning "2nd house beside house 68, in the 4th soi of Ekkamai, which is the 63rd soi of Sukhumvit". In many sois, the house numbers are not simply increasing, but may spread around.
To further bewilder the tourist who doesn't read Thai, the renderings of Thai street names in the Latin alphabet are not consistent. The road running towards Don Mueang Airport from Victory Monument may be spelled Phahonyothin or Phahon Yothin or Pahon Yothin or Phaholyothin depending on which street sign or map you consult. It's all the same in Thai, of course, only the romanisation varies.
And if that's not confusing enough, most of the larger streets tend to change names altogether every few kilometres. Sukhumvit is called Sukhumvit on one side of the tollway (roughly east), but it becomes Phloen Chit just before you cross Witthayu Road (aka Wireless Road) going towards the river. Keep going just a few more streets and it becomes Rama I Road (or Phra Ram Neung Road) after you pass Ratchadamri Road. But if you were to turn right onto Ratchadamri, in just a few blocks you'll find yourself on Ratchaprarop Road (past Phetchaburi, aka New Phetburi, which is called Phitsanulok closer to the river). Got it?
Fortunately, there's logic to these name changes: most of them are neighbourhoods. It wouldn't make sense to call the road Sukhumvit if it's no longer running through the Sukhumvit area, would it? Thus, Sukhumvit becomes Phloen Chit where it runs though the Phloen Chit area. It's when you're able to grasp the city in terms of its neighbourhoods that it both becomes more navigable and more charming. Likewise, Pratunam and Chatuchak are much more than just markets; they're neighbourhoods, each with their own distinct character.
Related to this last point, compass directions are not widely used by Thais to navigate in Bangkok. That's probably because they aren't very useful; the city's Byzantine layout, the changing street names, the winding river, and the lack of obvious landmarks all conspire to confuse your internal compass. Thus, asking for directions in terms of "Is that west from here?" will probably earn you little more than a confused look from a local. You're better off to familiarise yourself with the neighbourhoods and navigate to and from them. "How do I get to Thong Lo?" will get you there faster than asking for directions to Sukhumvit Soi 55.
One exception: the Chao Phraya River is the landmark in Bangkok, and many directional references can be made as "toward the river" or "away from the river". If you aren't too close, that is: since the river winds around the most popular tourist areas, river references tend to be most helpful when you're wandering farther afield than Khao San Road, Sanam Luang or Rattanakosin. And wander you should.
|Daily highs (°C)||32||33||34||35||34||33||33||33||32||32||32||31|
|Nightly lows (°C)||21||23||25||26||26||25||25||25||25||24||23||21|
|Bangkok - Weather forecast|
According to the World Meteorological Organization, Bangkok is one of the hottest cities in the world. Located just 14 degrees north of the Equator, Bangkok is warm at any time of the year with temperatures over 30°C (86°F).
The most pleasant time to visit is the cool season that lasts from November till February. It is both the coolest and driest period — the Emerald Buddha statue in Wat Phra Kaew even wears a scarf during this period! Don't think that's necessary though — daytime temperatures still hover around 30°C (86°F), but it does cool down into the lower 20's as it gets dark (lower 70's °F). March and April represent the hot season, and hot it is — 35°C (95°F) on average, but don't be surprised to see temperatures rising towards 40 degrees Celsius (around 100°F+). This is the worst season to visit Bangkok, so plan a lot of air-conditioned shopping mall visits and get a hotel with a swimming pool. Then there's the wet season that runs from May till October. Expect massive downpours resulting in floods all over the city, and spells of thunder at times. It's not all bad though — the afternoon showers are actually a pleasant way to cool down from the heat, and while they may last all day, usually they're over within an hour. Extreme rainfall happens in September and October, so these months are best avoided.
Whatever season you're visiting, don't take the weather lightly — temple-tramping in the scorching afternoon sun can be a challenge, so come well-prepared. Dress lightly for the weather, but keep in mind that some palaces and all temples (notably the Grand Palace) have a strict dress code. Also be sure, and this cannot be said enough, drink enough fluids! You don't have a reason not to, as 7-Elevens and other convenience stores are abundant in Bangkok and they sell cooled beverages for as little as 10 baht. Locals get their water from "reverse osmosis" purified water machines that fill up a one litre bottle for one baht.
Foreign films were popular in Thailand from the start, but in the 1920s a local film industry started to emerge in Bangkok. The most critically acclaimed Thai films were produced in the "three waves" of the Bangkok film industry: the 1930s, the 1950s and the late 1990s/2000s, although films made before World War II have unfortunately been lost. Predominant genres are action, historical epics, romance and gay/transgender films, almost always intertwined with elements of comedy. The following are staged (at least partly) in Bangkok:
- Bangkok Dangerous (บางกอกแดนเจอรัส เพชฌฆาตเงียบ อันตราย, The Pang Brothers, 1999). The début of the Pang Brothers, Bangkok Dangerous is a stylish film about a hitman who finds love, and realises how his actions are hurting good people.
- Iron Ladies (สตรีเหล็ก, Youngyooth Thongkonthun, 2000). This film follows the true story of a men's volleyball team that almost entirely consists of gay and transgender players. The team competes for the 1996 national championships, and while the crowd loves them, they are being judged by other teams and match officials.
- The Beach (Danny Boyle, 2000). Richard (played by Leonardo DiCaprio) is a young American backpacker looking for adventure. In Khao San Road, he meets Daffy, who makes him believe a beach paradise exists on a secret island. The film is popular among backpackers; besides Bangkok, some scenes in this Hollywood production are filmed in Ko Phi Phi, a beach island in Southern Thailand.
- Ong-Bak: Muay Thai Warrior (องค์บาก, Prachya Pinkaew, 2003). Martial-arts star Tony Jaa's breakthrough film and an absolute must-see for those interested in Muay Thai or fight choreography. Many places in Bangkok are featured, but don't think Khao San Road is the underground fighting den as it is portrayed.
- Bangkok Traffic (Love) Story (รถไฟฟ้า..มาหานะเธอ, Adisorn Tresirikasem, 2009). While it could be described as a typical Thai chick flick aimed at middle-class Bangkok women, it does give a good insight into Bangkok's traffic hassle and transport networks. The film's acronym (BTS) refers to the Skytrain, which plays an important role in the film. The film was released exactly 10 years after the official opening of the Skytrain.
- The Hangover Part II (Todd Phillips, 2011). American comedy film about a group of friends (the "wolf pack") that travel to Bangkok for a bachelor party. A lot of stereotypes are reinforced, but it is still a good laugh. Most scenes of the film are shot in Yaowarat, Sukhumvit and Thonburi; the State Tower in Silom is also featured.
- Only God forgives (Nicolas Windig Refn 2013) Ryan Gosling plays a troubled drug dealer coming into violent conflict with a native Bangkok police officer.
- Many Indian/Bollywood films were shot in Bangkok and this trend is increasing.
Bangkok is served by two airports: Suvarnabhumi Airport and Don Muang Airport. Suvarnabhumi Airport is used by all airlines in Thailand except for Nok Air, Orient Thai and Air Asia, which use the old Don Muang Airport. Both these airports are about 30 km (19 mi) from the city centre, so be prepared for a long ride to get into the city. Also allow at least three hours to connect between them, as they are far away from each other and there is heavy congestion on the roads. However, if you arrive at one of these and have a flight within a few hours from the other, then there is a free shuttle bus service which uses the tollways. You need to show your ticket to get on board.
Suvarnabhumi AirportSuvarnabhumi Airport: where Thai culture meets tax-free shopping A spartan gate lounge
Located 30km (19 mi) to the east of Bangkok (in the Samut Prakan province), space-age Suvarnabhumi Airport (สุวรรณภูมิ, pronounced "soo-wanna-poom") (IATA: BKK) started operations in Sep 2006 and is now Bangkok's main airport and the busiest airport in Southeast Asia. It is used for almost all international and domestic flights to Bangkok. There is only one terminal building, which covers both domestic and international flights, but it is huge (by some measures the world's largest), so allow time for getting around. There are two immigration sections, but processing time can be lengthy — 30 minutes and more.Facilities
Suvarnabhumi offers all facilities you would expect from a major international airport. There's a transit hotel, ATMs, money exchange, restaurants, tax-free shops, an observation lounge and even a "redemption booth", very reassuring for karmically challenged passengers. There are about 50 dining venues spread over the terminal building. The one that sounds most interesting probably is Panda Ready To Eat, but the cheapest place for a meal is Magic Food Point on level 1, near gate 8. There are a few stores in the check-in area, including a convenience store and a post office; however, the real shopping experience awaits visitors on the other side of immigration in the departure area, where the number of shops and duty free outlets leaves you wondering whether you are in an airport or a mall. There is not much to see at the observation deck on the seventh floor, since the steel structure of the roof blocks most of the view.
The duty free shops offer a wide range of almost every international brand. The prices are not competitive.
Beware of buying at airport convenience stores, located before security, if you are to bring those items inside. All cans and bottles (even containing food) are confiscated by security at check-in.
Currency exchange options are abundant, but virtually all offer a dearer exchange rate than downtown. A much better rate is normally available from the red booth near the coin ticket kiosks for the Airport Express Line (right after entrance to the Airport Express Line).
Free Wi-Fi for up to one hour is available in the departure lounge, after security and passport control; the login details can be obtained from the Information point. Access can be frustratingly unstable and unreliable.
If you need a hard copy of maps and brochures you can go to the Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT) booth at Suvarnabhumi Airport: Arrival Floor, International Tel: (66)2134 0041 Open 24 hours Suvarnabhumi Airport Arrival Floor, Domestic Tel: (66)2134 0040 Open 24 hoursTransport
More time than money?
There are plenty of ways to get into the city from Suvarnabhumi Airport. Most people opt for the Airport Rail Link, by far the fastest way to get into downtown, although taxis are also reasonably priced by world standards.
Located on the basement level of the passenger terminal, the Airport Rail Link
- City Line is a commuter rail line that stops at all stations. Trains leave every 15min, and after Makkasan station it continues to Ratchaprarop and Phaya Thai stations. The ride to Phaya Thai takes 24min from/to the airport and costs 45 baht. (the ride to or from Makkasan is 35 baht, Ratchaprarop is 40 baht, Lat Krabang is 15 baht ). They run from 0600 to 2359.
If you're heading downtown, the Airport Rail Link has a good connection to the BTS Skytrain at Phaya Thai, though you will have to buy a new ticket. If Khao San Road is your final destination, you can hail taxis from the main road (around 60 baht, c. 6km distance), or hop aboard bus 15 (7 baht); this bus leaves from across Central World, BTS Siam, and BTS National Stadium and goes along Ratchadamnoen Klang Road and Chakrabongse Road serving both sides of Khao San Road.
There are free shuttle buses from Suvarnabhumi Airport to Don Muang Airport every hour between 05:00-23:00. You have to show them your flight ticket to board. At Suvarnabhumi Airport, get on the bus at gate 2 or 3. At Don Muang Airport, get on the bus at the ground floor arrival terminal. The shuttle bus goes directly via the express way, and does not stop during the ride.
Private Airport Express buses, including backpacker favourite AE2 to Khao San Road, stopped running in Jun 2011. To take a public bus or minibus, you must first take the free shuttle bus from outside the second floor, gate 5 to the Public Transportation Center a few kilometres away. From there, The BMTA public bus lines are:
- 550: Suvarnabhumi to Bang Kapi
- 553: Suvarnabhumi to Samut Prakan
- 554: Suvarnabhumi to Don Muang Airport
- 555: Suvarnabhumi to Rangsit (using the expressway)
- 558: Suvarnabhumi to Central Rama 2
Note that almost all of the routes were already suspended, leaving 5 routes that link to non-touristy places except 554. (Source: local)
These services take about 1-2 hours depending on traffic; frequency is usually every 20min during daytime. At night, it ranges from 20 minutes to one hour depending on the route. There are also privately-owned BMTA minibuses to many parts of Greater Bangkok, such as Don Muang Airport, Bang Kapi, Rangsit and Samut Prakan. They charge a flat rate of 50 baht and go directly to the destination, so they are faster than public buses that stop frequently along the way. To get to Khao San Road take Airport Rail Link City Line to Makkasan (35 baht) and change there to bus number 556 (13 baht), which will take you next to Democracy Monument from where it's a short walk to Khao San Road. These buses are not very frequent so prepare for as much as 30-40 min waiting time. This is probably the cheapest possible way how to get from/to airport for 48 baht total. (The 556 bus goes on from Democracy Monument to Southern Bus Terminal- Sai Tai.) Though you could take bus 554 to Synphaet Hospital and then public bus 60 or alternatively bus 555 to Din-Daeng Road followed by bus 171, both options will take you through heavy Bangkok traffic on normal roads with frequent stops, thus making the Airport Link the best and fastest option.
Long-distance first class bus services connect Suvarnabhumi Airport directly with Chachoengsao, Nong Khai, Pattaya, Rayong, and Trat.
TaxisTop-level egress to queueless taxis
Ordinary metered taxis are available on the first floor (one floor below arrivals). Follow the "public taxi" signs that lead to the outside of the airport premises, queue up and state your destination at the desk (English is understood). Once there was a desk and you got a card ticket with two sections - one to give to the driver, often with your destination written in Thai - The small part for you was for complaints and is how the system is enforced: hold on to it to help avoid arguments later. Now queue tickets are dispensed by machine at the head of the two snake queues. There is a 50 baht surcharge on top of the meter (not per passenger!), meaning that trips to the city will cost 250-400 baht (plus possible expressway tolls of 50 and 25 baht, depending on time). Make sure you have change ready to pass to the toll operators to avoid being overcharged for the tolls later on. With very smooth traffic (which rarely occurs other than say in the wee hours), the ride takes about 30 minutes and costs under 250 baht (excluding tolls and surcharges). Otherwise, count on it taking 45-60 minutes and closer to 300 baht (excluding tolls and surcharges). During rush hour it can take much longer. No other surcharges apply, not even for going back to the airport. If there is a huge taxi queue, consider taking a limousine taxi, or take the free shuttle bus to the Public Transport Centre, which has more taxis. Go straight to the "official public taxi stand" and wait there. It is rare, but there have been reports of rigged meters that make the ride cost more than 400 baht. These taxis usually appear highly modified and it is a good idea to avoid them, or record the licence plate number of the taxi.
You should also watch out for 'helpful' touts hovering nearby the main taxi desk who will lead you across the road to legitimate taxis. These drivers will refuse to use the meter by saying there is heavy traffic and will charge a phenomenal price supposedly based on distance and number of passengers - for instance, they will quite brazenly tell you it will cost 2,500 baht to take two people to the city centre. Refuse to deal with these touts on sight. However, should you make the mistake of trusting them, find out the fare before they have a chance to leave the airport. Quoting the correct metered price (250-400 baht, as above) will garner a response that you'll need to take a bus to get that kind of price. Stand your ground and insist they take you back to the airport - provided you do this before you leave, they'll be quite happy to take you back with no charge.
So-called limousine taxis (which charge by distance, eg, around 800 baht to Sukhumvit) can be reserved at the limousine hire counter on the second floor (just outside arrivals), and aggressive touts will try to entice you on board. If you allow yourself to be waylaid by one of these taxi touts, they might quote you more than double the fare than an ordinary metered taxi would charge (900 baht instead of 400 baht, for example). You'd be silly even acknowledging their existence — ignore and walk straight past them.Accommodation near the airport
There are plenty of hotels near Suvarnabhumi Airport, and huge construction projects are planned for the future. Day room facilities for transit passengers are now available at the Miracle Grand Louis Tavern on floor 4, concourse G, ☎ +66 2 134-6565, 2,000 baht per 4-hour block, no reservations accepted. Travellers looking for a free quiet place to doze undisturbed at night can use one of the benches on the bottom floor of the terminal (which seem to be a popular choice with tourists and locals).
All other accommodation in Bangkok is listed in the relevant district articles. If you want an overnight stay within 20min of the airport, get a hotel along Lat Krabang Road, here covered in the Lat Krabang district. The Tourist Authority of Thailand and other hotel and tourist agencies have counters on the arrivals floor of the main terminal. You can make reservations at plenty of hotels here. Check for special promotions and also whether the hotel offers an airport pick-up and drop-off service — especially useful for late night arrivals and early morning departures.
Don Muang Airport
Don Muang Airport (IATA: DMK) (or Don Mueang), about 30 km (19 mi) north of downtown, was Bangkok's main airport until 2006. The airport currently handles Nok Air and Orient Thai domestic flights, the international terminal is now used by Air Asia and charters. Since 1 Oct 2012 all Air Asia flights arrive at and leave from DMK (Don Muang) instead of BKK (Suvarnabhumi). This might be something to consider when you have a connecting flight, since most non-Air Asia international flights will be leaving from BKK (Suvarnabhumi).
Visa Photos are available at the business centre in the Amari Hotel. They charge 150 bath for six photos. To get there, use elevator located nearby exit number 6 and cross the bridge.
The public taxi stand is on the pavement outside the arrivals area (don't be fooled by all the taxi service booths in the main hall), and is probably your best bet for getting into town — it's your only option after 23:00. A trip to MBK can cost roughly 250 baht depending on traffic. The same booth and slip system as at Suvarnabhumi Airport is used here. If the queue at the taxi stand is long or you need a more spacious car, you may want to book a (so-called) limousine taxi from the desks in the terminal. This will get you a slightly nicer car at about twice the price (500-600 baht). Ignore any touts outside and do not get into any car with white licence plates, as these are not licensed to carry passengers. If you are having trouble finding drivers willing to put the meter on, or want to avoid the airport taxis, you can walk to the main road outside by turning right outside the arrivals door and walking past the area where the buses are parked and make your way left towards the main road. You can hail down a taxi here, and the driver should put on the meter, this would be the cheapest fare.
Across a covered overpass from the airport is Don Muang Train Station. Tickets to Hualamphong Train Station in central Bangkok cost 20 baht at the ticket booth. Trip time to Hualamphong is at least 60 minutes. While taking the train is the cheapest way to get from the airport to Bangkok, it is not for the faint-of-heart: schedules are erratic, the run-down passenger cars often have beggars roaming through them, and are relatively empty late at night. Still if you board the train at Don Muang, you immediately plunge from the shiny world of airports that are virtually the same everywhere into a very Thai Thailand, and during the day it makes an interesting journey. If you have been on third class Thai trains before, this one is no different. On every train station, vendors board the train to supply you with food and drinks. Thais will smile at you as they will do during the rest of your holiday, pleased to see a "farang" (a Thai word derived from "foreigner").
It is not advisable to try to get to the Don Muang airport by train when you have a flight to catch - trains run with very little regard for the scheduled timetable, and it is not uncommon to arrive more than an hour past the expected time. Add an extra hour or two to your journey time if you intend to get to the airport this way. Trains regularly depart late from the train station and its journey is hampered by the fact that the train sometimes gives way to traffic at some level crossings. [Expect for the train to be at a halt for up to fifteen minutes at some junctions (Dec 2012)]. Despite all this, if you have hours to kill, it is a highly recommended journey to take, especially if you are running low on Thai Bhat, as the journey is an amazing 8 baht (Dec 2012).
There is also a free shuttle bus service between DMK and BKK Suvarnabhumi airport. At peak times, it runs every 30 min and it takes about an hour, depending on traffic. The signs to the bus stop aren’t that good but to get to it, all you have to do is turn left once you come out of the terminal building (with the taxi queue behind you) and walk towards the end of the building / pavement. If you have time to spare, this is a cheap way of getting into town from DMK since Suvarnabhumi offers many transport options.
There are two airport bus lines at DMK operated by BMTA (orange aircon bus). The ticket is 30 baht. You can take bus just in front of the terminal. It makes good connection to the BTS Skytrain and MRT subway
A1 to BTS Mo Chit/MRT Chatuchak and Mo Chit 2 Intercity Bus Terminal and return. A2 (new) runs to BTS Mo Chit then Victory Monument and return.
There are also a number of public transport buses passing through the airport. Just follow the signs toward the bus stop. Airport to your back, the bus stop is on the right-hand side of the airport (ie, north of the airport). It will be along the highway, outside the airport complex, right below a highway footbridge. Buses towards central Bangkok are at the airport's side of the road, so don't cross the highway. These are useful bus lines:
- Air-conditioned bus 504 will take you to CentralWorld at Ratchaprasong intersection (close to Siam Square), as well as to Lumphini Park and Silom, from where you can have access to the Skytrain.
- Ordinary and air-conditioned bus 29 will take you to Hualamphong Train Station passing by many places, including Victory Monument and Siam Square. You can also get off at the Chatuchak Weekend Market, where you can switch onto the metro or Skytrain.
- Air-conditioned bus 59 will take you to Sanam Luang in Rattanakosin. This route is time-consuming as Rattanakosin is far off from the airport.
- Bus 510 to Victory Monument.
- Bus 513 Sukhumvit & eastern bus terminal.
Keep in mind that some of these buses don't complete the route. They are called "additional bus" (Thai: รถเสริม rot serm). These kind of buses have a red sign in front of them with the final destination written on it (in Thai script of course). Check this before taking the bus. You can ask the locals at the bus stop or a conductor on the bus.
Passengers have reported difficulty with using some of these buses due to the scarcity of English-speaking conductors. Thus it is worthwhile to have your destination written down in Thai script and show it to the conductor, or even people at the bus stop, as this is a great help.Airport Bus
- A1 – DMK – Mochit BTS/MRT (Chatuchak) – Mochit 2 / Northeastern Bangkok Bus Station – DMK
- A2 – DMK – Mochit BTS/MRT (Chatuchak) – Saphan Kwai BTS – Ari BTS – Sanam Pao BTS – Victory Monument – DMK
Airport bus from the Don Muang airport services routes at a frequency of 20 minutes and each route takes about 60-80min per trip. The fare for airport bus is fixed at 30 baht per person per trip.City Bus
- Bus 29 – DMK – Laksi – Mochit BTS/MRT (Chatuchak) – Victory Monument – Sam Yan – Bangkok Railway Station
- Bus 29 (air conditioned) - DMK – Mochit BTS/MRT (Chatuchak) – Victory Monument – Sam Yan – Bangkok Railway Station
- Bus 510 - DMK – Laksi – Mochit BTS/MRT (Chatuchak) – Saphan Khwai – Victory Monument
- Bus 555 - DMK – Laksi – Horwang – Din Deang – Praram 9 – Suvarnabhumi Airport
- Bus 59 - DMK – Bangkhen – Kasetsart University – Central Lad Phrao – Chatuchak – Saphan Khwai – Victory Monument – Ratchadamnern Sanamlung (Khao San Road)
- Bus 554 - DMK – Laksi – Ramintra – Suvarnabhumi Airport
- Bus 187 - DMK – Din Daeng – Ratwiti – Victory Monument – Charoenkrung – Thanam Sipraya
- Bus 538 - DMK – Din Daeng – Victory Monument – Rama Hospital
- Bus 504 - DMK – Din Daeng – Pratunam – Silom – Saphan Krung Thep
The fare for City bus is charged in the range of 6.5-23 baht depending on the route and type of bus taken.
When buying tickets for buses out of Bangkok, it's best to skip travel agents and their private buses, whose rates are a 50 to 100 percent premium over regular government rates, and get the bus tickets directly at Bangkok's three public bus terminals. These buses are much cheaper, generally safer, more comfortable and won't scam you onto a clapped-out minibus halfway along the way. Each of these long haul bus terminals serve a different direction. They are purposefully located in off-central locations, so the long-haul buses avoid the heavy traffic congestion in the centre of the city. Beware of the so-called tourist information booth on the second floor of Hua Lamphong train station, as that's a travel agency in disguise, offering overpriced bus voyages to popular destinations around Thailand. They have been known to employ overly friendly persons in official-looking uniform to entice customers.
The largest, busiest, and most modern terminal is the Northern Bus Terminal, ☎ +66 2 936-2841(-3), also known as Mo Chit 2. The upper floor serves the Isaan region in the northeast of Thailand; the ground floor serves Northern Thailand, and shares some destinations with Ekkamai (including Pattaya, Rayong, Chanthaburi and Trat). The bus terminal is a fair hike from BTS station Mo Chit or MRT station Chatuchak Park. Motorbike taxis do the trip for a fixed 30 baht fare (bargaining is pointless), while tuk-tuks charge whatever they feel like — when bargaining, remember that a real taxi with air-conditioning will cost you about 45 baht (assuming little traffic). You can also take bus 77 and pay the 13 baht fare on board (this bus also goes from the terminal via Victory Monument, Pratunam and Silom Road. If you have a considerable amount of luggage, the easiest, if not necessarily fastest, option is to take a taxi directly to or from the bus terminal.
Buying tickets here is reasonably easy; find a window with your destination written on it (in friendly Roman letters), pay the fare in big numbers on the same window, and you'll get a ticket on the next available departure. Note that blue writing means 1st class, red means 2nd class (avoid on longer trips), and tickets for destinations in Isaan are sold from the third floor. Ask the information desk on the first floor if you need help, or any of the BKS staff, easily identifiable thanks to their natty white shirts with gold buttons. Now just find the departure stall and you're on your way. If you have time to kill, there are two fairly decent air-conditioned food courts at both ends of the main terminal building, plus KFC, Dunkin' Donuts and lots of 7-Eleven outlets.
The Eastern Bus Terminal, ☎ +66 2 391-2504, also known as Ekkamai, is a relatively compact terminal right next to Ekkamai BTS station in Sukhumvit. Ekkamai serves destinations in Eastern Thailand, including Pattaya, Rayong, Ban Phe (for Ko Samet), Chanthaburi and Trat. If you're heading for Ko Chang, there is a specifically designated stop for it between Chanthaburi and Trat. You can also get a bus to the Cambodian border crossing at Poipet, look for the bus to Aranyaprathet and tell them you are going to Poipet when you buy the ticket.
Then there's the Southern Bus Terminal, ☎ +66 2 894-6122, also known as Sai Tai Mai, that serves all destinations west and south of Bangkok from its somewhat inconvenient location on the Thonburi side of the river. In December 2007, the terminal moved to a new, even more remote location, at Phutthamonthon Sai 1 Road in northern Thonburi. It is a 70 baht taxi ride to the Bank Khae area of Bangkok. Long-distance buses leave from here to destinations throughout Western Thailand (including Nakhon Pathom and Kanchanaburi) and Southern Thailand (including Krabi, Phuket, Surat Thani, Ko Samui, Ko Pha Ngan, Hat Yai, and many others). It also has a huge number of minibuses out back which take trips to most of the places the buses go, and do it a lot quicker. However, if you have large baggage, forget this option. The new terminal is a fairly pleasant airport-like structure with air-conditioning, electronic departure monitors (in English), a few bank offices, nice and cheap food. Unlike the rip-off operators at Khao San Road, all buses from here are public, well-regulated, cheap, and reasonably safe. Just buy your tickets at the numbered desk with your destination posted on it (almost always in English). There are also plenty of taxis out the back of the bus terminal.
Getting to the terminal is a bit of headache, as public transport is limited. The easiest option is to take a metered taxi, but if you're going there in the evening, especially during workdays, be prepared to fight a serious traffic jam — getting there can take 30 minutes or an hour from the city centre. A taxi ride from Khao San Road should end up around 120 baht in favourable traffic conditions. Ignore touts — unlike what they might say, there really is no "faster" way when all the roads are congested.
From Victory Monument BTS station, the terminal can be reached with pale orange air-conditioned bus 515 (17 baht). When approached by an on-board bus conductor, just say "Sai Tai". After quite a ride, the large bus terminal will be on the left side about 9 km after crossing the river (you won't miss it and probably will be told as well). Getting there by bus actually does not take much more time than taxi (it's almost the same in the likely case of a traffic jam), but the ride is much cheaper, especially if alone. Bus 556 no longer goes from Suvarnabhumi Airport, but from Makkasan Airport Rail Link (ARL) station. There are also white minibuses (30 baht) from various points around Bangkok, eg. from Ramkhamhaeng (near Rajamangala National Stadium). There are inexpensive shuttle buses and slightly more expensive (but quicker loading and a bit faster) minibuses to and from the Northern Bus Terminal as well. A meter-taxi from Northern Bus Terminal (Morchit) is about 150-180 Baht and takes about 30-50 minutes. Insist on the meter. There are plenty of taxis at the entrance of the big hall.
From the Hualamphong station, one can take the 507 (15 baht) non-airconditioned bus. It infrequently stops on the far side of the multi-road intersection from the front of the rail station and goes directly to the terminal. Allow 60-90min to wait for the bus and for the long distance and the traffic.
From the Khao San Road/Democracy Monument area, you can take the orange 511 (15 baht). The New Southern Bus Terminal is the last stop on the route.
For travelling to Bangkok suburbs, the fastest and often the cheapest way is to use public minibus (minivan) services. They are running from the rear of the Victory Monument square (facing the monument itself are the city bus stops, behind it there is a small market, and behind the market you will find many white-coloured minibuses (13.76414N 100.53878E) just parking at the roadside and waiting for passengers ). They depart when full, usually every 10-30 min. Fare is usually similar to long-distance buses with the same destination (if there are any). Other way, it could be estimated as 1 baht/km.
Please note that minibuses to the surrounding provinces have been moved from Victory Monument to the bus stations - Mo Chit, Tai Mai, and Ekkamai. (as at Nov 2016). The only ones from here now are to destinations within the Bangkok area, like Rangsit.
There are also plenty of minibuses at the Southern Bus Terminal, out the back. These go to various locations in the south and also within the city itself. There is one to Bang Phli,(in Samut Prakhan Province) from where buses/minibuses to Rayong/Pattaya can be found
By trainTicket counters at Hualamphong Train Station East Asia train travel map
The State Railway of Thailand, ☎ +66 2 222-0175, serves Bangkok with railway lines from all four directions of Thailand.
Hualamphong Train Station is the most important station, located close to Yaowarat and served by its own MRT station. It's a big and surprisingly convenient station built during the reign of King Rama VI. It was spared from bombing in World War II at the request of the Thai resistance movement.
Tickets for trains leaving the same or the next day can be bought on the counters under the big screens. The Advance Booking Office is located to the right of the platforms as you walk towards them and is quite well-organised. You can select your seat/berth from a plan of the train, and payments by credit card are accepted. While the official e-ticketing system in not functioning anymore, you may book an e-ticket with an agency (against THB 100 service fee), with your printed ticket picked directly at the Hua Lamphong station, second floor, at the agency with big green "12GO" label. There are only first and second class air-conditioned sleeper tickets available.
A word of advice is to only listen to the people at the information desk — anyone else walking around offering to help you "find" a hotel or taxi is just a tout, even if they are wearing official-looking badges. Likewise, the second floor shops offering "Tourist Information" are just agents in disguise. The taxi pick up and drop off point is to the left of the platforms as you walk towards them, and is generally chaotic at busy periods with scant regard for any queue. The left luggage facility is at the opposite end of the concourse, on the far right as you walk away from the platforms.
If coming by train from the north or north-east, connecting to the metro at Bang Sue Train Station can shave the last half-hour off your train trip. This is not a very good place to board trains though, as there is practically no information or signs in English. However, this situation will doubtlessly improve as more and more long-distance departures are switched to here from Hualamphong Train Station to ease congestion in the inner city.
The Thon Buri Train Station, formerly known as the Bangkok Noi Station, is on the west side of the river in Thonburi. It is the terminus for twice-daily trains to Kanchanaburi (via Nakhon Pathom). Just to keep things confusing, the previous Thonburi Train Station right next to the river (accessible by the Chao Phraya Express Boat pier Railway Station) is now mothballed and turned into a museum, but it's only 800m away from the new station. Note that the weekend-only second class air-conditioned "tourist" trains to Kanchanaburi and Nam Tok depart from Hualamphong Train Station.
Wongwien Yai Train Station only serves the rustic Mae Klong commuter line to the fishing village of Maha Chai. Trains run roughly hourly and the trip takes about one hour. The ride is of little interest if you want to get there fast, but is an experience for rail fans and an attraction in itself, with a nice view on the countryside's orchards, vegetable plantations and coconut groves. Maha Chai is a nice seafood destination, and if you feel like it, you can cross the Tha Chin river by ferry and continue by rail to Samut Songkhram. Wongwien Yai Train Station is about 800m from the Skytrain station of the same name; to get there, take a metered taxi for 35-50 baht, or walk (using a map). If you want to walk, continue in the same direction the train came from about 300 metres. You will see a main road underneath at right angles, so cross this and go to the right along this road. About another 300 metres along this road you will see an overhead walkway. Just beyond this on the left is a laneway to the on-ground station.
Not many people come to Bangkok by ship, but there are some cruise ships that come close to the city. Large ships must dock at Laem Chabang Port, about 90 minutes southeast of Bangkok and about 30 min north of Pattaya.
Frequent first and second class bus services directly connect Laem Chabang with Bangkok's Eastern Bus Terminal (Ekkamai); less frequent direct services run to the Northern Bus Terminal (Mo Chit). A first class air-conditioned bus (blue and white) to either will take 90min or less; the fare is around 100 baht. A quick way to get into downtown is to board an Ekkamai-bound bus and then disembark early at On Nut, where you can hop onto the Skytrain. The bus will always stop here if a passenger requests it.
Southbound buses en route to Pattaya can be boarded at the traffic lights on Sukhumvit Road in Laem Chabang. These are extremely frequent (at least 10 per hour), and charge less than 50 baht.
Modest-sized ships may dock further upriver at Khlong Toei Port, close to Bangkok's city centre. A modest terminal provides processing for passengers (who may receive Thai customs and immigration processing on-board), as well as offering "managers" who arrange tours and taxis. Reaching major hotels and other points of interest is much cheaper than from Laem Chabang, but can vary according to the passenger's negotiating skills. The facility is not close to the MRT stop of Khlong Toei, the best way to get there is by metered taxi.
Getting into Bangkok by car is not a good idea, as you can easily waste half a day waiting in traffic just to get to the other side of the city. Three major highways lead to Bangkok from all directions of Thailand. The best way to get to Bangkok from Northern Thailand is driving on Phahonyothin Road (Route 1), which comes from Mae Sai near the Myanmarese border.
Sukhumvit Road (Route 3) comes from cities in Eastern Thailand, such as Trat, Pattaya and Chonburi.
Phetkasem Road (Route 4) must be one of the longest roads in the world, as it comes all the way from the Malaysian border serving Southern Thailand.
To ease congestion on these highways, a new system of motorways has emerged which will be extended in the future. The New Bangkok-Chonburi Motorway (Motorway 7) is covering the trip from Chonburi and Pattaya. Then there's the Kanchanaphisek National Highway (Motorway 9 or "Outer Ring Road") which makes a giant loop around Bangkok serving most satellite towns around it, such as Nonthaburi and Samut Prakan.
The first phase of Bangkok's ambitious public transport system is now complete, the city's public transport system is fairly efficient and convenient, but there is still a fair amount of room for improvement to the system's integration.
The city, like many developing cities, suffers from paralytic traffic jams periodically throughout the day. In rush hours, it may be worthwhile combining public transport by different means. For example: soar over traffic jams by skytrain to the station closest to your destination and thereafter take a taxi for the final leg.
Bangkok is one of the most interesting cities in the world and is known to be number one for scenery. Perhaps you would like to know how to move around the city. There are many different ways to move around Bangkok. For example, using buses or Taxis, or maybe even on the water with a Ferry, or the public transit systems of BTS and MRT.
By public transitBangkok BTS, MRT, BRT and ARL Systems Map
The BTS Skytrain (รถไฟฟ้าบีทีเอส rot fai fa BTS, pronounced bee-tee-et) deserves a visit simply for the Disneyland space-ageness of it. Built in a desperate effort to ease Bangkok's insane traffic and pollution, the Skytrain covers most of downtown and is especially convenient for visiting Siam Square. There are two lines: the light green Sukhumvit Line travels along Sukhumvit Road, Siam Square and then follows Phahonyothin Road up north, where it terminates at Mo Chit (N8), near the Chatuchak Weekend Market. The dark green Silom Line starts in Thonburi, passes the Express Boat pier at Saphan Taksin (S6), goes through the Silom area and ends at National Stadium (W1), right next to MBK Center. Both lines come together at Siam (CEN), where you can interchange between them. Unfortunately, there is no station near Khao San Road, but you can take the Express Boat from Phra Arthit Pier to Sathorn Pier, where you can switch onto the Skytrain.
You must have 5 or 10 baht coins to purchase Skytrain tickets from vending machines, so hold on to them. At most stations there is a single touchscreen machine that will accept 20, 50 and 100 baht notes, but there is often a queue to use it. Some stations have ticket counters which will change your large bills so you can purchase tickets from the vending machines. Fares range from 15 to 52 baht depending upon how many zones you are travelling. Consult the map (in English) near each ticket machine. If you do not have coins, queue for change from the staff at the booth. If you are in town for several days (or going to make several visits during the next 30 days), weigh your options and consider a rechargeable stored-value card (from 100 baht, with a 30 baht refundable deposit and a 30 baht non-refundable card cost), a "ride all you like" tourist pass (140 baht per day) or a multiple ride pass of 20 trips or more to any zone (15 trips cost 345 baht, 25 trips cost 550 baht; plus a 30 baht refundable deposit for a rechargeable card that is valid for 5 years). They will certainly save you time, scrambling for coins, and maybe even money. Check for information with the English speaking staff.
In 2013 the Silom Line was extended westward from Talat Phul (S10) to Bang Wa (S12).
The MRT (รถไฟฟ้ามหานคร rot fai tai din, pronounced em-ar-tee) finally opened in July 2004. There are two lines, the Blue Line and the new Purple Line . The Blue Line connects the central Hualamphong Train Station (1) to the northern Bang Sue Train Station (18), running through Silom, Sukhumvit, Ratchadaphisek and area around Chatuchak Weekend Market in Phahonyothin. There are interchanges to the Skytrain at Si Lom (3), Sukhumvit (7) and Chatuchak Park (16) stations. The section from Bang Sue to Tao Poon where it connects with the new Purple Line is scheduled to open in 2017. Currently the two stations are connected by a free bus service.
Tourists do not use the metro as much as the Skytrain, but there are some useful stops. The terminus at Hua Lamphong (1) provides a good access to Yaowarat. If you're going to the Chatuchak Weekend Market, don't get out at Chatuchak Park, but go one stop further to Kamphaeng Phet (17) as it drops you right inside the market.
Metro tickets are not interchangeable with Skytrain tickets. Rides start from 16 baht and are based on distance; pre-paid cards of up to 1,000 baht are also available. For single ride fares, a round plastic token is used. It is electronic: simply wave it by the scanner to enter; deposit it in a slot by the exit gate leave.
Bag-checks take place at the entrance to each station. It's usually nothing more than a quick peek inside, unless you are looking particularly suspicious.
Airport Rail Link
Finally opened in August 2010 is the Airport Rail Link (รถไฟฟ้าเชื่อมท่าอากาศยานสุวรรณภูมิ). Many Thais in Eastern Bangkok use the link to commute to the city centre. It starts at Suvarnabhumi Airport and terminates at Phaya Thai, with some interesting stops in between (such as Ramkhamhaeng and Ratchaprarop for Pratunam). A ride costs 15-45 baht, depending on distance. Trains run every 15min 06:00-23:59.
From Makkasan, you can continue your way by metro at Phetchaburi MRT station. The transfer can be made via the pedestrian bridge which was opened in June 2013. From Phaya Thai, you can transfer onto the Skytrain, but be aware that there are not enough lifts yet, and those available are too small for large pieces of luggage. New lifts will be installed in Ramkhamhaeng, Ratchaprarop and Phaya Thai stations in the following months.
BRT Sathon-Ratchaphruek Line
The 16km (9.9 mi) route has twelve stations in the centre of the road that give level access to the right hand side of the buses. The first route from Sathon to Ratchaphruek via Narathiwat Ratchanakharin and Rama III roads, opened to the public in 2010 and both terminuses connect to the Silom Line of the BTS Skytrain; at Chong Nonsi (S3) and at Talat Phlu (S10).
SRT Light Red Line
The Light Red Line (รถไฟฟ้าชานเมืองสายสีแดงอ่อน) is part of the planned Red Line suburban railway system to serve the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. The segment from Taling Chan to Bang Son (15 km) opened for limited, free trial service in Dec 2012. Only 6 services a day currently operate on this line. This train system currently does not connect with any of the other train lines in Bangkok. The final section to Bang Sue station of this first phase will not open until the new Bang Sue Terminal is constructed.
Chao Phraya Express BoatChao Phraya Express Boat Map
A ride on the Chao Phraya River should be high on any tourist's agenda. The cheapest and most popular option is the Chao Phraya Express Boat, basically an aquatic bus plying up and down the river. The basic service plies from Wat Rajsingkorn (S4) all the way north to Nonthaburi (N30), with stops at most of Rattanakosin's major attractions including the Grand Palace (at Tha Chang) and Wat Pho (at Tha Tien). The closest pier to Khao San Road is Phra Arthit. Enter the express boat at the numerous piers and pay for the trip at ticket collector, who will approach you bearing a long metal cylinder. At some bigger piers you can buy the ticket before boarding. When the metal cylinder lady approaches you, just show her the ticket you bought on the pier.
The different boat lines are indicated by the colours of the flags at the top of the boat. These flags can be confusing; don't think the yellow King's flag corresponds to the yellow line flag! There is a basic "no flag" line (9, 11 or 13 baht) that goes along all the piers, but it only runs during rush hours (M-F 06:20-8:05 and 15:00-17:30) and is fairly slow. It's better to take the faster yellow (19 or 28 baht, M-F 06:15-08:10 and 15:30-18:05) and orange (15 baht, daily 06:00-19:00) flag lines, but you have to be sure where you're going as they don't stop everywhere. The yellow line is the fastest, but is best avoided as it skips many popular attractions (including Khao San Road, the Grand Palace and Wat Pho). The orange line is your best bet, as it covers the major tourist areas and is fairly quick too.
In addition to the workaday express boat, there is also a blue flagged Tourist Boat which stops at a different subset of piers, offers commentary in English and charges 150 baht for a day pass. Single tickets are 40 baht. The boats are slightly more comfortable and may be worth considering if you want to cruise up and down the most important tourist sights. They only operate once per 30 minutes and stop running by 15:00. Be careful as they may tell you the (cheaper) orange flag regular boat is not coming for quite a while (as they are aggressively touting for business), but sometimes this is not the truth. If you want the tourist experience with guide and (very) loud speaker commentary, often unintelligible, then this is the one for you. However, be aware that you are fully entitled to enter the public piers (the ones with the blue lettering on white background with pier numbers on them) and get the orange flag boat as these are public places and you don't need a ticket before boarding the comfortable and speedy orange-flag boat.
The signposting of the piers is quite clear, with numbered piers and English route maps. Sathorn (Taksin) pier has been dubbed "Central" station, as it offers an quick interchange to Saphan Taksin BTS station. The boats run every 5-20 minutes from sunrise to sunset (roughly 06:00-19:00), so ignore any river taxi touts who try to convince you otherwise.
Many piers are also served by cross-river ferries. These are particularly useful for reaching Wat Arun or the many piers at the Thonburi side of the river. Cross-river ferries run around every 10 minutes and only cost 3 baht — pay at the kiosk on the pier and then walk through the turnstile.
Saen Saep Express BoatSaen Saep Express Boat Map
The Saen Saep Express Boat serves the long Saen Saep Canal, one of the remaining canals (khlong) that used to flow through Bangkok. Mostly used by locals to commute to work, the service is cheap and you get to see the 'backside' of the neighbourhoods, so to speak. Also, It is immune to Bangkok's notorious traffic jams. The total distance is 18 km, and the service operates from 05:30-20:30.
They are comparatively safe — just watch your step when boarding and disembarking as they don't stop at the pier for long and do not let the dirty water get into your eyes. To prevent splashes, the boats are equipped with little curtains that you can raise by pulling on a string, but they have to be lowered at every stop so people can clamber on board. It's better to sit closer to the front of the boat further away from the engine which can be quite loud. Pay the fare (10-20 baht) to the fearless helmet-wearing ticket collectors who clamber around on the outside of the boat, ducking at bridges, as it barrels down the canal. Press the green 'bell' button if you want to get off at the next pier, else the boat might just skip it. The piers now even have (tiny) signs in English.
The canal runs parallel to Phetchaburi Road, and provides the easiest access from the Golden Mount in Rattanakosin (and nearby Khao San Road) to Siam Square and Pratunam. This line is aptly called the Golden Mount Line and runs from Panfa Leelard pier to Pratunam pier in downtown. If you want to continue your journey beyond Pratunam, passengers have to change boats there. The NIDA Line starts at Pratunam and heads east to Sukhumvit and Ramkhamhaeng. Hold on to your ticket.
River taxiTypical "long tail" river taxi
Finally, for trips outside set routes, you can hire a long-tail river taxi at any major pier. These are fairly expensive and will attempt to charge as much as 1,000 baht/h for foreigners, but with some haggling they may be suitable for small groups. To circumvent the Mafia-like touts who attempt to get a large cut for every ride, agree for the price of the shortest possible ride (30min), then negotiate directly with the captain when on board.
Metered taxis are a quick and comfortable way to get around town, at least if the traffic is flowing your way, but be warned that Bangkok taxi drivers are notorious for finding ways to run up the fare for foreigners; insist that the meter is used, and if the driver claims that your destination is closed, that he doesn't know where it is, or if he tries to take you elsewhere, just get out of the taxi. All taxis are now metered and air-conditioned: the hailing fee is 35 baht and most trips within the city centre cost less than 100 baht. There are no surcharges (except from the airport), even at night; don't believe drivers who try to tell you otherwise. A red sign on the front window, if lit, means that the taxi is available.
When the meter is switched on you will see a red '35' somewhere on the dashboard or between the driver and you. Be sure to check for this at the start of the ride, as many drivers will "forget" to start the meter in order to overcharge you at the end of your trip. Most will start the meter when asked politely to do so (meter na khrap if you're male and meter na kha if you're female); if the driver refuses to use the meter after a couple of attempts, simply exit the taxi.
In some cases, late at night and especially near major tourist districts like Khao San or Patpong, you will need to walk a block away to catch a honest driver. The effort can save you as much as 150 baht. This is often also the case for taxis that park all day in front of your hotel. There are only two reasons that they are there: to take you places where they can get their commissions (jewellery stores, tailors, massage parlours, etc.) and to overcharge you by not using the meter.
Your best bet is to walk to the road and catch an unoccupied metered taxi in motion (easier than it sounds, as Bangkok traffic tends to crawl the majority of the time, and one car out of four is a taxi). Avoid parked taxis altogether, and if a taxi driver refuses to turn the meter on, simply close the door and find one who will. Keep in mind that it is illegal for them to have un-metered fares. Be smart and give your money to honest drivers, not touts. The only reason that they get away with this so frequently is that foreign tourists let them.
Be sure to either know the correct pronunciation of your destination, or have it written in Thai, as taxi drivers in Bangkok are notoriously bad at reading maps, and most drivers speak limited English. Most hotels and guest houses will happily write out addresses in Thai for you. While most drivers will recognise the names of tourist hot spots, even if grossly mispronounced, but it is often difficult to properly pronounce addresses in Thai. If your mobile phone works in Thailand, it is sometimes useful to call your hotel and ask the staff to speak to your driver in Thai. In addition, try to get your hotel's business card to show the taxi driver in case you get lost.
If you are pinching pennies or fussy about your means of transportation, you may wish to avoid getting into one of the (very common) yellow-green taxis. They are owner-operated and of highly variable quality and occasionally have rigged meters. All other colours belong to large taxi companies, which usually enforce their standards better.
On some routes, the driver will ask if he should use the tollway — this will usually save a lot of time. You have to pay the cost at the toll booth (not in advance and not at the end of the journey). Watch how much the driver really pays, as many try to keep the change.
When getting out, try to have small bills (100 baht or less) or expect problems with change. Tips are not necessary, but are certainly welcome if you're happy about the service; most local passengers will round up or leave any coin change as tip.
Tuk-tukTuk-tuks on the prowl
Finally, what would Bangkok be without the much-loathed, much-loved tuk-tuks? You'll know them when you hear them, and you'll hate them when you smell them — these three-wheeled contraptions blaze around Bangkok leaving a black cloud of smog in their wake. For anything more than a 5-10 min jaunt or just the experience, they really are not worth the price but it can still be enjoyable for people that come to Thailand — and, if you let them get away with it, the price will usually be 4 or 5 times what it should be anyway (which, for Thais, is around 30% less than the equivalent metered taxi fare).
On the other hand, you can sometimes ride for free if you agree to visit touristy clothing or jewellery shops (which give the tuk-tuk driver fuel coupons and commissions for bringing customers). The shops' salesmen are pushy, and try to scam you with bad quality suits or "gems" that in fact are worthless pieces of cut glass. But usually you are free to leave after 5-10min of browsing. Visitors should beware though, sometimes one stop can turn in to three, and your tuk-tuk driver may not be interested in taking you where you need to go once he has his fuel coupons. Also, with Bangkok's densely congested traffic it is sure to waste hours of your time, if not the whole day.
If you still want to try the tuk-tuk, always hail a moving tuk-tuk from the main road. At tourist spots, these tuk-tuk drivers lie in waiting to disrupt your travels plans. Always agree on a price before entering the tuk-tuk. Also be crystal clear about your intended destination. If they claim that your intended destination is closed for the day, and offer to take you to other nearby tourist spots, insist on your destination or get out. If you're an all-male party, tuk-tuk drivers sometimes will just ignore your destination completely and start driving you to some brothel ("beautiful girls"). Insist continually and forcefully on going only to your destination; or take a metered taxi instead. Or alternatively, there is a hop on hop off tuk-tuk service that allows you to hop around Bangkok attractions.
A songthaew is a converted pick-up truck that usually serves the back sois in residential neighbourhoods. They usually have four wheels instead of three, two benches instead of one, run on petrol instead of LPG and resemble a tiny truck. The maids and locals tend to use them to return home from the market with loads of groceries, or for quick trips if they're available. The fare is seven baht, which is paid to the driver when you get out. Neither the fare nor the route is negotiable. Just wave one down and hop in then ring the bell when you want to get out and hand the driver 7 baht. No English is spoken and there's no need to speak to the driver anyway.
When traffic slows to a crawl and there are no mass-transit alternatives for your destination, by far the fastest mode of transport is a motorbike taxi (มอเตอร์ไซค์รับจ้าง motosai lapjang). The people in the coloured tabards are motosai cabbies. They typically wear colourful fluorescent yellow-orange or red vests and wait for passengers at busy places. Prices are negotiable before you ride but is the best way when the traffic is not flowing as well as usual in Bangkok (!).
For the adrenaline junkie, a wild motosai ride can provide a fantastic rush. Imagine weaving through rows of stopped vehicles at 50 km/h (30 mph) with mere centimetres to spare on each side, dodging pedestrians, other motorbikes, tuk-tuks, stray dogs and the occasional elephant while the driver blithely ignores all traffic laws and even some laws of physics. Now do the same while facing backwards on the bike and balancing a large television on your lap, and then you can qualify as a local — though you might die in the process. Imagine your loved ones arranging to ship your dead body home from Bangkok because you took a dangerous risk you were warned not to. Motorcycle accidents are brutally common, and transportation of this sort is inherently hazardous. Be aware of the risk before using motorcycle taxis. Many tourists and Thai alike recommend avoiding them except as a last resort. Under no circumstances ride without a helmet.
The overwhelming majority of motorcycle taxis do not travel long distances, but simply shuttle up and down long sois (side-streets) not serviced by other transport for a fixed 5-20 baht fare. These are marginally less dangerous, especially if you happen to travel with the flow on a one-way street.
The law requires that both driver and passenger must wear a helmet. It is the driver's responsibility to provide you with one, so if you are stopped by police, any fine is also the driver's responsibility. This is worth bearing in mind when you hire a motorbike or moped. Make sure that if there are two of you, the hirer provides two helmets instead of one. When riding, keep a firm grasp on the seat handle and watch out for your knees.
Local buses, operated by the Bangkok Mass Transit Authority (องค์การขนส่งมวลชนกรุงเทพ) or just BMTA (ขสมก), are the cheapest but also the most challenging way of getting around. There is a bewildering plethora of routes, usually marked only in Thai. Even Thais have a hard time with these, but at least they can call the 1384 Bus Route Hotline, which is in Thai only. However you can also use Google's transit planner function on Google Maps to plan your bus journeys. Please note, however, that the bus arrival times on Google Maps may not actually correlate to the actual bus arrival time. Bus stops list only the bus numbers that stop there and nothing more. They are also subject to Bangkok's notorious traffic, often terribly crowded, and many are not air-conditioned. If you want to get somewhere quickly and are not prepared to get lost, the buses should be avoided (remember that taxis are cheaper than most local buses in the West). However, they make for a good adventure if you're not in a rush and you don't mind being the centre of attention.
But for the intrepid, and those staying in Khao San Road where buses are the only practical means of public transport, the official resource for decrypting bus routes is the BMTA website. It has up-to-date if slightly incomplete listings of bus routes in English, but no maps. Another site in English which also features a route planner is Transit Bangkok. You can also ask your guest house about which buses to take if you're going to a particular destination. As a printed reference, the 69 baht spent on the Bangkok Bus Map by Roadway is a good investment if you're going to travel by bus more than once.
The hierarchy of Bangkok's buses from cheapest to best can be ranked as follows:
- Small orange bus, 8 baht flat fare. Cramped, no air-con, no fan, famously suicidal drivers, usually not advisable for more than short hops. Run by private operators, they can be significantly faster than the BMTA-run buses.
- Red bus, 6.50 baht fare. More spacious and fan-cooled (in theory). Unlike other buses, some of these operate through the night (1.50 baht surcharge). These buses are BMTA-run.
- White/blue bus, 8 baht fare. Exactly the same as the red buses, but cost one baht more. These buses are owned by private entities operated in conjunction with BMTA.
- Blue/yellow and cream/blue air-con, 10 baht for the first 8km (5 mi), up to 18 baht max. These buses are quite comfy. The blue/yellow striped buses are privately owned while the blue/cream buses are BMTA-owned.
- Orange air-con (Euro II), 11 baht for the first few kilometres, up to 23 baht maximum. These are all BMTA-run, newer, and more comfortable.
- Pink/white micro-buses, 20 baht flat fare, paid into a fare-collection machine located next to the driver — exact fare only. Not quite common away from the city centre, these are air-conditioned, modern and only allow seated passengers (making them harder to use at rush hour as many won't stop for you).
Some useful bus lines to any well-known places inaccessible by either BTS or MRT are as follows (click on the numbers for the maps):
- 15: This route provides the connection between Khao San Road and the BTS stations around Siam Square & Silom.
- 47: This route is similar to Line 15 and acts as a supplementary service.
- 53: This circular route travels through the older areas of Bangkok, including Ko Rattanakosin and the Chinatown. One may continue by MRT Hualamphong for Bangkok Train Station & shopping centres.
- 59: This route is useful for those who want to get into the city centre from Don Mueang Airport to the BTS or Khao San Road.
- 79: This route is very important to travelers due to it passing many touristy places. Destinations include:
- BTS Siam
- Shopping areas (Siam Square, Ratchaprasong, Pratunam)
- Khao San Road, Sanam Luang & Grand Palace (walking)
- Taling Chan Floating Market
- Southern Bus Terminal
- 509: Tourists can use this bus line to travel from Khao San Road to the Northern Bus Terminal, as well as the Dusit area.
- 515: 515 provides the quick access to the Southern Bus Terminal from the city centre. Also, it passes near the Dusit area.
- 554: DMK <-> BKK airport link
Buses stop only when needed, so wave them down (arm out, palm down) when you see one barrelling your way. Pay the roaming collector after you board and keep the ticket, as there can be occasional spot-checks. Press the signal buzzer (usually near the door) when you want to get off.
Two further pitfalls are that buses of the same number may run slightly different routes depending on the colour, and there are also express services (mostly indicated by yellow signs) that skip some stops and may take the expressway (2 baht extra).
Airport buses allow luggage (backpacks and suitcases), but regular buses do not. Enforcement of this rule varies.
Bangkok has good quality roads, but driving in the city can be a nightmare with massive traffic jams, a convoluted web of expressways and oft-confusing road signs. If driving, be especially aware of sudden lane changes by cars and reckless motorcyclists who tend to weave in and out of traffic. On busy roads you will often find vehicles moving slowly into the traffic from car parks and side streets, those already on the road are expected to give way.
Do not park on the road in busy districts such as Siam because other cars might lock you in by parking next to you in the 2nd or 3rd lane. Use covered car parks or park a bit off the beaten path, and then walk back. If using a car park and there are no marked bays available, you can park in front of other cars, but make sure you leave the car in neutral with the parking brake off so you can be rolled out of the way if required. Similarly, if you've parked in a marked bay and are blocked by another car, simply push it out of the way - carefully.
Renting a car is an option for travelling in Bangkok and other parts of Thailand. Always get the optional insurance - the basic rental charge usually doesn't have any insurance at all, and your travel insurance is only likely to cover an excess or deductible where there is some basic level of insurance. Check the policy carefully for exclusions, at least some policies exclude speeding and advise that this is monitored by GPS.
See[add listing]Wat Arun Individual listings can be found in Bangkok's district articles
Most of Bangkok's sights are concentrated on the island of Rattanakosin, often referred to as the "Old City". Out of Bangkok's hundreds of temples, the Grand Palace, Wat Pho and Wat Arun usually make up the top 3. The Grand Palace has an immense size, so expect to spend at least a full morning or afternoon there. Within the palace grounds is Wat Phra Kaew, the most sacred Buddhist temple of Thailand. Unlike other temples, it is not one building, nor are there living spaces for monks. Instead, it is a collection of highly decorated holy buildings and monuments. One of its buildings houses the Emerald Buddha, and while you might not expect it from its size, it is the most sacred Buddha image of Thailand. Sadly the entrance fee is quite steep (500 Bhat, August 2016) for what you get. There are basically only two buildings you can enter and the whole area is absolutely overcrowded. Huge loads of tourists everywhere, it feels like a zoo or Disneyland. It kind of ruins the experience.
Nearby is Wat Pho, home to the world's largest reclining Buddha image and a famed massage school. Entrance Fee is 100 Bhat and you get a free water + you can refill your water bottles inside. Regarding to the ticket its open to 6:30 pm. (August 2016). Take the ferry across the Chao Phraya River to Thonburi for the outstanding Wat Arun. The main structure is about 60-88 m high and it is surrounded by four smaller prangs. It is one of Thailand's most picturesque temples, and is engraved on the inner part of all ten-baht coins. It is so recognisable that it even became the logo of the Tourist Authority of Thailand (TAT). If you look closely, you will see that it is beautifully decorated with colourful broken Chinese porcelain pieces. It is currently being renovated and the majority is covered in scaffolding. Climbing up is also prohibited due to the renovations. Heading back to Rattanakosin, there are many other major temples you could visit, including the Golden Mount, Wat Suthat and Wat Ratchanaddaram.
Don't throw away the entry ticket of the Grand Palace, as it gives free entry to the Dusit Palace in Dusit. It is situated in a leafy, European-style area built by King Rama V to escape the heat of the Grand Palace. Its main structure is the Vimanmek Mansion, touted as the largest golden teakwood house in the world, but you could spend your whole day in the museums if you wish. There are many museums in Bangkok showing traditional Thai-style residences. Most visitors take a tour through Jim Thompson's House, the CIA-operative's mansion assembled by combining six traditional Thai-style houses, conveniently located near Siam Square. Ban Kamthieng in Sukhumvit, M.R. Kukrit's Heritage Home in Silom and the Suan Pakkad Palace in Phahonyothin are not quite as impressive, but still make for a nice experience. Rattanakosin's museums are mostly dedicated to history and culture, including the National Museum (about Thai history and archaeological remains), the Museum of Siam and the King Prajadhipok Museum. Bangkok has a small, but vocal art community, and you might want to visit the National Gallery or The Queen's Gallery, or one of its numerous smaller galleries spread over the city. Siam Square features the recently opened Bangkok Art and Culture Centre which has temporary art exhibitions throughout year.
Lumphini Park in Silom is the largest park in central Bangkok, and a good way to escape the fumes. Backpackers around Khao San Road can head for Santichaiprakarn Park, a small but fun park along the Chao Phraya River with a breezy atmosphere, usually with locals juggling or practicing tricks. It is built around the 18th-century Phra Sumen Fort with a nice view on the modern Rama VIII cable-stayed bridge. Zoos and animal farms are some of the more popular tourist attractions in Bangkok, but before visiting, please be aware that animal welfare in Thailand is not strictly regulated. Poor living conditions of the animals and inadequate veterinary care are examples of the sad mistreatment of the animal population. You can't go wrong at the Queen Saovabha Institute Snake Farm in Silom, as the staff takes good care of their snakes and they have a job of informing the public about the risks associated with them. Another nice family attraction is Siam Ocean World in Siam Square. It has a steep price tag, but at least you get to see the largest aquarium in Southeast Asia.
PAK NAM temple is located on Petch Kasem road. This place is quite peaceful because less people go there. Beside the temple, there is a big canal located for you to feed the fishes. And the Architecture here is also very nice and so amazing that the wall of this temple is neatly carved to describe about the history of the Buddhism and most of the parts of this temple are made up of teak woods.
- One day in Bangkok — if you have just one day to spare and want to catch a feel for the city
- One weekend in Bangkok — for attractions that only open in weekends
- Rattanakosin Tour — a quick tour along Bangkok's famed historic district
- Yaowarat and Phahurat Tour — a full-day walking tour through this multicultural district
- 9 Temples tour — a day trip to 9 most sacred temples in Bangkok
Do[add listing]Individual listings can be found in Bangkok's district articles
Tuk Tuk tours
The Tuk Tuk is one of the symbols of Bangkok so there is no better way to explore Bangkok than by whizzing around the streets in one of these iconic three wheeled vehicles. You can pick up a tuk tuk on any street corner (and the price you will be charged could vary hugely) but there are also many tour operators who also run tours which use a tuk tuk as the main form of transport.
There is also a Tuk Tuk hop on hop off service that travelers can pay once and hop around top Bangkok attractions around Rattanakosin, Khao San Road, Dusit, Yaowarat and Phahurat areas.
Cycling in Bangkok may sound crazy, as cycling is deadly dangerous on the main roads, but it certainly is not if you know where to go. Away from the main roads there is a vast system of small streets and alleys. Cyclists are treated as pedestrians, so you can use your bicycle to explore parks, temple complexes, markets and the more quiet residential areas of eastern Bangkok. In more crowded places you can cycle on the pavement. Exploring the town by bicycle has all the advantages of going by foot, combined with a much greater action radius and a cooling breeze.
If you want to experience Bangkok hideaways and countryside, leisurely cycling through green paddy fields, colourful orchid farms, peaceful lotus fields and touched by the charm of Thai way of country life at personal level, bicycle is a great way to do it. There are a handful of specialist operators that offer daily or regular departures to the so-called "Bangkok jungle" (Bang Kachao), a semi-island across the river from Bangkok with few cars or buildings, or through the backstreets of Chinatown. It sounds strange but a cycle tour in Bangkok really is the best way to discover the city up close.
Project Bangkok Smile Bike subsidized by city allowes free bike rental even without deposit just with photo of your passport.
- Co van Kessel, ☎ +66 2 639-7351, . Co van Kessel offers many cycling tours through Bangkok, taking in Chinatown, the canals of Thonburi, the "Bangkok Jungle" and many other places in between. 950-1,950 baht. edit
- Follow Me Bicycle Tours, 126 Sathorn Tai Rd, ☎ +66 2 286-5891, . Follow Me offers half-day bicycle tours through Bangkok's residential streets. Included in the asking price is a fish spa and a barbecue meal after the tour. 1,000 baht. (100.5296659469604,100.5296659469604) edit
- 'Go' Bangkok Bicycle Tours, 69/2-3-4 Charoen Krung Soi 44, ☎ +66 2 103 4731 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: 66 02 103 4731), . 9am-10pm. Go Bangkok Tours offers half & full day bicycle tours (Guided-Self Guided through Bangkok's residential streets. Included in the asking price are helmets and insurance. 600 baht. (13.720629,100.515342) edit
- Grasshopper Adventures, 57 Ratchadamnoen Klang Rd (near the Democracy Monument, right around the corner from Khao San Rd), ☎ +66 2 280-0832 (email@example.com), . Grasshopper Adventures operates tours through the historic Rattanakosin district of Bangkok, to the outskirts of Bangkok and one that takes place at night. Tours regularly book out so make a reservation in advance. 1,000-1,600 baht. edit
- Recreational Bangkok Biking (RBB), Baan Sri Kung 350/127, Soi 71, Rama III Road, Yannawa, ☎ +66 2-285 3955, . Recreational Bangkok Biking, operates daily bicycle tours in small groups only (a maximum of 8 participants). Colours of Bangkok starts every day, 08:00 & 13:00. Book in advance as availability is limited. THB 1,000. edit
- SpiceRoads, ☎ +66 2 712-5303, . 1,000-2,500 baht. They offer many 1 day and multi-day cycling trips in and around Bangkok. There are trips to the Bangkok Jungle, Ko Kret, Yaowarat, and Thonburi. edit
- Thailand Green Ride, ☎ +66 2 888-9637, . These are "green rides", half-day, 1 day and home stay overnight cycling trips through the green countryside of Bangkok. edit
Bangkok On The Run
Cycling is a popular option among tour companies, but there are a variety of running clubs in Bangkok that welcome visitors multiple times per week for running, socializing, eating and drinking throughout Bangkok and the surrounding areas. These clubs are either free or charge a small, non-profit fee to pay for food and drink served at the event.
Running is a great way to see parts of the city and countryside that you'd never otherwise experience. If you go with a social running club, it's also a great chance to meet interesting people, eat food you've never tried and to make new friends. If you're interested in seeing countryside, out-of-the-way districts, plantations, jungle and other places you can only go on foot, you might be interested in these clubs:
- The Bangkok Hash, (firstname.lastname@example.org), . The Bangkok Hash is the original hash in Bangkok, started in 1977 and running every Saturday (check web site for directions and times). It's a traditional men-only hash that welcomes male visitors of all ages of the running and walking variety who want to run in interesting areas, drink a little beer and socialize over Thai food afterwards. 300 Baht Run Fee (Visitors). edit
- The Bangkok Monday Hash, . The Bangkok Monday Hash, founded in 1982, runs every Monday later afternoon around 17:00 depending on the time of year (check web site for directions and times). It's a co-ed hash that welcomes all visitors, both runners and walkers, of all ages for a good run, some cold beer and an optional meal afterwards. 250 Baht Run Fee. edit
- Siam Sunday Hash House Harriers, (email@example.com), . The Siam Sunday Hash House Harriers were founded in 1997 as a co-ed, laid back hash that welcomes all visitors (runners and walkers). The hash runs on the first and third Sunday of every month around 16:30 depending on the time of year (check web site for directions and times) and visitors can reliably meet at the Rama VI statue in front of Lumpini Park to catch a ride. Like all other traditional Bangkok hashes, you're welcome for a good run or walk, some cold beer and an optional meal afterwards. 250 baht Run Fee (Male Visitors) / 150 baht Run Fee (Female Visitors). edit
- The Bangkok Harriettes, . The Bangkok Harriettes, devised as a female hash, were founded in 1982 welcomes visitors both male and female. The hash runs every Wednesday 17:00 depending on the time of year (check web site for directions and times). Beer is included in the run fee and you're welcome to move on to an adjacent restaurant afterwards. 250 baht Run Fee (Male Visitors) / 150 baht Run Fee (Female Visitors). edit
- Run My City: Bangkok, . Run My City is an upstart event for visitors (or locals) who just want to come out and run parts of the city that are otherwise unseen. There's no fee and no real rules as the host of each Run My City event sets their own agenda for the group. Run My City: Bangkok runs at least once a month, more based on attendance, with events posted on their Facebook Page. Anyone who can run at least 5-10 km in an hour is welcome to this low-pressure, non-racing running event. Free. edit
- Flight of the Gibbon, ☎ +66 53 010660 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Zipline through the lush rainforest, just outside of Bangkok. 3 km of ziplines connect to 24 platform stations, lookout platforms, lowering stations, and sky bridges, making the experience a full zipline canopy tour. The tour also includes a free tram tour around Khao Kheow Open Safari Park. edit
Another great way to see the Chao Phraya River and the original canals of the city is by canal tour. Most of these special boat trips start at the eastern bank of the Chao Phraya and head through the backwaters of Thonburi, taking in Wat Arun, the Royal Barges National Museum and a floating market. More information about these canal tours can be found in the Thonburi article. At 1,000 baht or more, they are quite expensive though; a cheaper and also fun activity is to take the public express boat along the Chao Phraya River. You can get off anywhere between Thewet and Sathon (Taksin) piers as there are many things to see in all those neighbourhoods. You can even go all the way north to Nonthaburi in the morning, enjoy the afternoon in this laid-back traditional urban town and take the boat back around rush hour.
Muay Thai, informally known as Thai Boxing, is both a sport and a means of self-defence. Contestants are allowed to use almost any part of the body: feet, elbows, legs, knees, and shoulders. There are two venues in Bangkok to see this type of sport in action, Lumpinee Boxing Stadium in Silom and Ratchadamnoen Stadium in Rattanakosin. Sessions can take the whole evening, and the more interesting fights tend to happen in the end, so it's not that bad if you come slightly too late. The playing of traditional music during the bouts is enjoyable as well. A downer is the steep 1,000-2,000 baht entry fee for foreigners, while Thais chip in for 100 baht or less.
Muay Thai venue outside MBK Center every Wednesday (starts at 18:00, lasts until around 21:00), and it's free.
There is also a local TV station (Channel 7), which has their own little fighting arena near Mo Chit BTR station. It is located on soi Ruamsirimitr street. But just ask people for boxing and Channel (Chang) 7. They will be able to show you the way. Fighting is every sunday. Entry is free, and this particular boxing will be shown and watched in TV all around Bangkok. Also with little knowledge of Thaiboxing you will be fascinated by the locals betting and cheering for their favorite.
There are many cultural performances in Bangkok that shows traditional Thai culture and dance. Siam Niramit in Ratchadaphisek is a truly spectacular performance where more than 150 performers depict the history of each region of Thailand.
Of a completely different order are Bangkok's famous drag shows. These cabarets generally take about two hours, and besides singing, dancing, glamour and costumes, usually it also has some comedy thrown in. The most famous show is Calypso Cabaret in Ratchathewi that has two sessions every evening at the Asia Hotel. Always book these shows a couple of days in advance.
Bangkok, a city of astonishing contrasts, is a truly amazing city by any standard. The ancient blends with the modern and somehow the combination works in surprising and interesting ways. Likewise with your personal lifestyle, you can choose to get a massage – or learn Thai Massage – at a beautiful Buddhist temple, or you may prefer the modern alternative: an urban health oasis where you are pampered and treated with your choice of therapies or techniques.
The respected Travel & Leisure Magazine Survey ranked Bangkok the world’s #1 city in 2008 and 2010, and after spending some time there, you’ll begin to understand why. The city has so much to offer, the prices are very reasonable, the attractions plentiful and diverse, the shopping superb, and the healthcare simply outstanding. It’s not difficult to find the perfect place to take good care of you, be it a first-rate hospital, a modern dental clinic, or a beautiful spa or wellness centre. 
- S Medical Spa - Winner of the AsiaSpa Awards 2007 Medi-Spa of the Year and one of Asia’s leading medical spas; frequently ranked as one of the world’s top ten spas.
- TRIA Integrative Wellness Center, Piyavate Hospital - Winner of such awards as the SpaAsia Crystal Awards and AsiaSpa Awards 2008 – another of Thailand’s best and highly-rated spas.
- The Oriental Spa, Mandarin Oriental Hotel – like the hotel itself, in an exceptional class all its own.
Bangkok has scores of wonderful, popular, professional spas; some of the leading ones are Leyana Spa, Divana Spa, Mandara Spa, Spa de Bangkok, Devarana Spa – Dusit Thani Hotel, The Oasis Spa Bangkok, Banyan Tree Spa Bangkok, and the Spa Cenvaree - Centara Grand at Central World.
Spas, traditionally, were towns where public baths, hospitals or hotels were built on top of mineral springs so that people could come and make use of the healing properties found in the water and its mud for medical purposes. These days, a spa doesn’t have to be a town built on natural thermal springs. It can be a place anywhere that anyone can go to, to relax in tranquil surroundings with a variety of treatment administered to re-contour and rejuvenate the body and mind.
All self-respecting luxury hotels in Bangkok have a spa that at least offers a traditional Thai massage. Prices are exorbitant, but they offer some of the best treatments in Bangkok. Particularly well-regarded spas at exceptionally high rates are given at the splurge hotels in Silom. Independent spas offer much the same experience, but offer much more competitive rates. Figure around 2,000 baht/h for most treatments at the hotel spas and around 1,000 baht/h at the independent spas. However, it is worth researching before booking as prices can vary widely between establishments, and various promotions are often available. The best regarded hotel spas are at Mandarin Oriental, Plaza Athenee and The Eugenia. The best regarded independent spas are Oasis Spa, So Thai Spa and Divana Massage & Spa.
The ubiquitous little massage shops found on every street corner in town offer the best value for money, but the smallest range of services, with offerings usually limited to massage only. Particularly Khao San Road and Sukhumvit have plenty of these popular places. It is fairly easy to distinguish legitimate massage shops from more dubious places (where massaging is only a front for prostitution); the real deal will charge 250-400 baht for a typical two-hour massage and will often have a row of beefy farmers' daughters in white coats working on customers' feet in public view, while the other kind has wispy girls in evening dresses wearing too much make-up and saying "hello handsome" to every passing male. The current going rate for a 1 hour massage on Khao San Road is 220 baht.
Bangkok is a great place to go to the movies. Compared to the West, the cost of a ticket is a complete bargain at around 120 baht. Most cinemas have world-class standards and show the latest Hollywood and Thai releases. Watching Thai movies is a fun night out, as pretty much all of them have English subtitles. They are up to par with the latest technological innovations in the film industry, so expect to wear 3D glasses for some of the latest Hollywood releases, or visit the IMAX Theatre in Siam Paragon.
For non-mainstream cinema, House RCA (in Royal City Avenue) and APEX (in Siam Square) offer art films with English subtitles.
For other means of entertainment, Ratchadaphisek is a newly created entertainment paradise. Its bowling centres are of a superb standard with some of them resembling the inside of a nightclub. Dance while you play in style. Private karaoke lounges are usually connected to these bowling centres and are available at major hotels. There's even an ice skating rink and a top-class go-go kart track. As Ratchadaphisek is mostly aimed at the locals, you might want to go to similar venues in Siam Square or Sukhumvit. Musical, cabaret and theater entertainment by Thai performers can be found every night at the Playhouse Theater] in the Asia Hotel which is connected to the Ratchathewi BTS station.
Horse Races are held on Sundays at two alternate turf clubs, the Royal Turf Club of Thailand in Dusit and the Royal Bangkok Sports Club on Henri Dunant Road (near Siam Square).
For something completely unique and fun travelers may wish to try Bangkok Bobble Football where you are literally wrapped in a plastic bubble and enjoy a game of soccer/football in a 5 a side format.
All of Thailand's major festivals are celebrated in Bangkok.
- Chinese New Year Festival. January or February. The obvious place to visit is Yaowarat, the Chinese district of Bangkok. Yaowarat Road is closed to cars and many stores and food stands crowd the road, with grandiose and colourful Chinese lion and dragon processions. edit
- Songkran Festival. 14-16 Apr. The traditional Thai New Year is an occasion for merriment all over the city, but most notably at Sanam Luang, near the Grand Palace, where the revered Phra Phuttha Sihing image is displayed and bathed by devotees. In the Wisut Kasat area, a Miss Songkran beauty contest is held and accompanied by merit-making and entertainment. Don't think it is particularly peaceful festival though; Khao San Road degenerates into a war zone as farangs and locals soak each other with super soakers. edit
- Royal Ploughing Ceremony. May. Farmers believe that an ancient Brahman ritual, conducted at Sanam Luang, is able to forecast whether the coming growing season will be bountiful or not.The event dates back to the Sukhothai Kingdom. This ceremony was re-introduced in 1960 by His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej and is considered the official commencement of the rice-growing season (and the rainy season). Nowadays, the ceremony is conducted by Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn. edit
- Loi Krathong (ลอยกระทง). November. Loi Krathong is the Festival of Lights, and takes place on the evening of the full moon of the 12th month in the traditional Thai lunar calendar. In the western calendar this usually falls in November. edit
- Trooping of the Colours. December. Their majesties the King and Queen preside over this impressive annual event, held in the Royal Plaza near the equestrian statue of King Rama V in Dusit. Dressed in colourful uniforms, amid much pomp and ceremony, members of the elite Royal Guards swear allegiance to the King and march past members of the Royal Family. edit
- HM The King's Birthday Celebrations. December 5. On this day, Ratchadamri Road and the Grand Palace are elaborately decorated and illuminated. In the evening, hundred thousands of locals line the route from Sanam Luang to the Chitralada Palace to get a glimpse of the King when he is slowly chauffeur-driven past. edit
- New Year Countdown Celebrations. December 31. The most well-known and biggest countdown festival in Bangkok is held at Central World square in front of Central World. There are spectacular shows and live-on-stage concerts by popular singers and celebrities. After midnight, they celebrate with spectacular dazzling and colourful fireworks. edit
Bangkok is one of South East Asia's educational hubs.
Study Abroad in Bangkok
The KUSEP-program (Kasetsart University Student Exchange Program) at Kasetsart University is an English program that offers courses from several different faculties for international students. Faculty of Economics and Faculty of Engineering have entire degree programs in English and, hence, the most courses taught in English are from these two faculties. There are various elective courses on offer, too, that range from Thai language to Social Sciences and sports.
Siam University, Thailand's fifth oldest private university, also offers study abroad opportunities in Siam University’s International Business Program (IBP). IBP is an undergraduate degree program taught in English and the participants are both Thai and international students. The program is business focused, i.e. most of the courses relate to Economics, Finance, Marketing, Management and Trade, but there are several courses from social sciences as well, from psychology to politics, law and languages. Exchange students at Siam University have plenty of options when making their course selections since they can pick their IBP courses freely; from the level and subject area that is most suitable and interesting for them. It is also possible to do a MBA degree or an exchange at Siam University.Meditating Thai Buddhas
Thai cuisine is a favourite of many, and plenty of cooking schools provide half-day classes that provide a nice break from the day-to-day sightseeing monotony. Silom and Khao San Road particularly have some of the better-known Thai cooking schools.
- Cooking with Poo is one of the most highly acclaimed Thai cooking experiences in Bangkok, limited to 10 participants to maintain an intimate setting and includes a personal tour through the Klong Toey market to purchase ingredients for the day's menu. The warm and fun class is hosted by Khun Poo, a long-time resident of the Klong Toey slum who's displayed amazing resolve despite personal difficulties and seeks to provide opportunities for other members of her community with much of the profit. Register in advance, she's often booked months in advance.
- Cooking for fun is one of the latest cookings schools that have joined. Limited to 6 participants per chef to ensure absolute enjoyment. Also includes a Market tour for those who choose to do the morning class. Located in the heart of Bangkok's oldest neighborhood Bang-Rak you will also find Bangkok's oldest surviving market. Go Thai Cooking School is located right inside the market to give you the authentic feel
The essence of 'pure' Buddhism, can be practised at any temple in Thailand. In Bangkok however, there are also well-known centres that cater specifically to foreigners wishing to learn and practise. The International Buddhist Meditation Centre inside Wat Mahathat in Rattanakosin provides free meditation classes three times a day. If you can speak and understand the Thai language well enough, you may wish to go on your own retreat at a quiet temple on the outskirts of Bangkok. To pay for your stay, it is appreciated that you assist the resident monks on their morning alms rounds.
The Wat Pho temple in Rattanakosin offers well-regarded Thai massage courses. While aimed squarely at tourists, this is not necessarily a bad thing, as they're used to conducting classes in English.
Thai language schools
abound in Bangkok. Classes are attended by foreign aid workers, trust-fund babies seeking education visas, new residents, and retirees. Curriculum varies from school to school as do prices and time commitments.
- RTL School (โรงเรียนรักภาษาไทย), 888/104 Mahatun Plaza 10 Fl. (BTS Phloen Chit, Mahatun Plaza Building, 10th fl.), ☎ +66 2 255-3036, . M-F 09:00-20:00. Rak Thai Language School opened in 2012 and uses the same Thai language teaching curriculum as the larger (and more expensive) UTL school. Courses are 3 hours in the mornings or afternoons, 5 days per week. Friendly teachers and fun atmosphere. RTL offers 5 speaking modules, 4 reading/writing modules, and other special topics which vary by month. 6,000 baht/month. edit
Buy[add listing]Individual listings can be found in Bangkok's district articles
It will help considerably if you know fabrics and what style you want (bring along a sample or at least a picture), and can spare the time for at least three sessions for a suit (measurement, fitting and final adjustment). Prices obviously depend on the tailor's skill and the materials used, but expect to pay at least 7,000 baht for a two-piece suit. When picking the materials, you're best off with Italian or English cloth as local fabrics are often of poor quality (with the exception of silk). Insist on two fittings for suits. Give the tailor a lot of detail and give yourself time, so you'll get the exact suit you're looking for.
Racks of clothing at Siam Square
Many tourists find a 180 baht charge for a currency withdrawal from cash machines in Thailand - applied only to foreign bank cards - as an unpleasant surprise. If you are planning to exchange large sums, few offices of the SuperRich company consistently offer the top exchange rates. To save time, consider the green K Excellence booth by the entry to the City Rail Train station at the Savarnabhumi airport.
Siam Square is the place to shop in Bangkok; the small sois of Siam Square have dozens of small designer boutiques. MBK Center is the most popular shopping malls for foreigners , as they sell fashion well below Western rates. Siam Paragon and the shopping plazas at Ratchaprasong are more popular to Thais. Ladies will also feel well at home in the Emporium in Sukhumvit.
Just take a few steps out of your hotel and Bangkok feels like a huge street market. Sukhumvit has the usual souvenirs, t-shirts and other tacky tourist junk. Browsing Khao San Road's roadside stalls is particularly good for clothing and accessories, many of them for a bargain. While many of these stalls still cater to the traditional hippie crowd, they have been slowly gentrifying to appeal a broader audience. The nearby Banglamphu Market sells cheap knock-offs of everything, just like the night markets in Silom and Rattanakosin.
In the weekends, the Chatuchak Weekend Market in Phahonyothin is a must as its 8,000 stalls together form the largest market in Southeast Asia. Shoppers can buy just about everything from clothing to potted plants and everything in between — it is a paradise for browsers and bargain-hunters alike. A weekday alternative is Pratunam, one of the city's renowned garment markets. Clothes shopping here goes on wholesale, and you're even cheaper off if you buy in bulk. At Pantip Plaza you can buy computer-related stuff from branded laptops to pirated DVDs. Just be aware that many of the "brand name" items are fakes/copies.
Yaowarat and Phahurat give a more authentic experience, although many stores sell the cheap teen accessories found elsewhere as well. Just sitting at a plastic chair and watching daily commerce evolve is a fun activity in itself. Phahurat is the best destination for fabrics, available in all colours and sizes. Pak Khlong Talat is a surprisingly fun wholesale market for all kinds of cut flowers and vegetables. If you're a morning person, visit it around 03:00, when new flowers from upcountry arrive and the marketplace is beautifully illuminated.
Thonburi, being one of the least developed areas of Bangkok, is the best place to experience what the city used to be like. A nice break from the pulsing city is the weekends-only Taling Chan Floating Market, which feels at least somewhat authentic as it blends a rural market with the canal side way of life. Beware though that the farang density is rising as the day progresses: This used to be a little untouched gem of a floating marked and the word has spread at the high speed of the internet... Wang Lang Market is an undiscovered gem with strictly local prices. The other side of the river, Rattanakosin, has everything a good Buddhist would need, be it amulets, monk bowls or human-sized Buddha statues.
For antiques, Silom is the place to go, as most potential buyers stay there in expensive hotels. River City in Yaowarat is the largest antique mall of the city, and priced to match. Gold and gems are popular buys, but be extremely wary as many tourists buy worthless pieces of cut glass believing it to be valuable gems. Never let a tuk-tuk driver convince you into a gem store, as more often than not, you're being ripped off. The same rule goes for tailoring shops; you can get a custom-made suit for amazingly cheap prices, but you have to know where to go, as many tailors provide bad quality — see the box for advice on finding a good tailor.
If you want to shop and see the beautiful scene of Chaophraya River at night, Asiatique the riverfront is the largest waterfront themed and new lifestyle night shopping area. It is a combination of Thai history elements and modern lifestyle. It opens daily from 5pm to midnight. The easiest way to get there is via free shuttle boat near Saphan Taksin BTS station. It takes only ten minutes. Taxis are not recommended due to terrible traffic jams around here. Once you step off the boat, you will see an over 300 m long boardwalk along the river that looks like a romantic scene. There are a lot of shop here, you can find everything you would like both to eat and to buy. There are also entertainment shows; Calypso ladyboy cabaret and a classic Thai puppets performance. With retro props and buildings, it is also a good idea to take some photos at here.
Browsing second hand English-language books can best be done on Khao San Road. For new releases, there are plenty of chain stores in shopping plazas, including Asia Books, B2S, Bookazine and Kinokuniya. There's a particularly wide array of books on Asian culture and history; some have a good selection of foreign newspapers and magazines as well.
Getting money in Bangkok is relatively easy; credit cards are widely accepted and ATMs are spread all over the city, especially in downtown areas. They all charge 200 baht when using foreign ATM cards, except for Aeon which charges 150 baht. (Nov 2016: Citibank and HSBC might not charge as they didn't around 2014. See below for more information. The text above is consistent with the information on the Khao San Road page ).
Be warned that Aeon ATMs will eat and destroy cards if anything goes wrong, such as entering in a wrong PIN one time (according to their helpline). Three of the most conveniently located Aeon ATMs can be found on Chakrapong street 170 m walk north from western end of Khao San Road on ground floor of Tang Hua Seng supermarket (logo with T in circle visible from distance) and in the central part of the second floor of MBK Center in Siam Square and at the first floor of Central Department Store at Silom Complex in Silom. HSBC Thailand's branch is located at 968 Rama IV Road, in front of Lumphini Park and it's the only one location of HSBC ATM in Thailand. Citibank ATMs in Bangkok have 4 locations. There are contradicting reports about Aeon start charging a 150 baht fee from Jan 2014, although other people confirm they were not charged, same with Citibank ATM which should supposedly charge an ATM fee but there are reports in 2014 from BTS Sala Daeng ATM not charging the fee. Other option with Visa card would be go to branch of any Thai bank and withdraw money at window using cash advance which should be without any fees, but there are reports some clerks are lazy and refusing customers sending them to use ATM, when withdrawing using cash advance from your Visa card be careful about exchange rate which may be worse and your own bank cash advance fee.
Best to keep away from buying fake degrees from the Khao San Road as they are either not from a real university or cannot be verified.
"The Mall" in Bangkapi has a water park on the top floor. But, this huge mall does not have a map or directory located anywhere in the mall. All needs for directions must be asked at the information desk.
- Amphawa Floating Market. On Samutsongkram near Wat Amphawanjetiyaram. Amphawa Floating Market is one of the famous tourist attractions. Use bus number 76 and 967. edit
- Kwan-Reim floating market, ☎ +66 87 701-2878, . Study the history of Bam Pen Nuer Temple and Bam Pen Tai Temple. New generation can see the past of people to illustrate offering some food to the monks, offering robes to Buddhist priests at monastery and listening to sermon. Number 27 and 503 buses on Sukhapiban 2 Rd. Second take number 113, 58, 113, 514 buses on Sukhapiban 3 Rd. These floating markets open Sa-Su 08:00-21:00 and holidays. edit
Eat[add listing]Individual listings can be found in Bangkok's district articles
Bangkok boasts a stunning 50,000 places to eat; not only thousands of Thai restaurants, but a wide selection of world-class international cuisine too. Prices are generally high by Thai standards, but cheap by international standards; a good meal is unlikely to cost more than 300 baht, although there are a few restaurants (primarily in hotels) where you can easily spend 10 times this.
Sukhumvit by far has the best restaurants of Bangkok, though prices tend to be high. Practically every cuisine in the world is represented here, be it French, Lebanese, Mexican, Vietnamese, or fusion combining many of these together in a quirky, but delicious mix. Bangkok's Italian town is Soi Ton Son near Siam Square. Of course, for those on a budget, street stalls abound with simple Thai dishes at around 30 baht. There are especially plenty of budget restaurants in Khao San Road.
There are plenty of vegetarian restaurants in the more tourist-friendly parts of town (especially in hippie district Khao San Road). Vegetarian dishes are also readily available on the menus of regular restaurants. On request, even typical street restaurants will easily cook a vegetarian equivalent of a popular Thai dish for you. Ask for "jay" food to leave the meat out of the dish. For example, "khao pad" is fried rice and "khao pad jay" is vegetarian fried rice. For vegans, the most common animal product used would be oyster sauce. To avoid it, say "mai ao naam man hoi". Be aware that all street noodle vendors use animal broth for noodle soup.
Don't miss out on a cold ice cream in hot Bangkok. Western chain stores Dairy Queen and Swensen's have booths in many malls and shopping centres. Or better yet, try an exotic fruit-flavoured ice cream at an Iberry shop. Their ice creams are tasty, cheap and safe to eat.
For Muslims, looking for Halal food, fortunately there is no problem. Most of KFCs sell Halal chicken. A lot of vendors on street food understand the term 'Halal' so it is always better to ask. A frown on their face on answering this question would indicate an absence of Halal Food. Tourists looking for Halal street food must disembark BTS at Ratchthewi station in direction of Phaya Thai and turn left on Petchaburi Road where lines of local Halal food outlets and cart food are located.
Thai desserts are worth appreciating not only for their beauty but also their unique way of reflecting traditional culture. Most Thai desserts are quite sweet. Therefore, they are favoured both by Thai people and foreigners. Real traditional desserts contain only 3 main ingredients; flour, sugar and coconuts. These ingredients are mixed by various methods such as boiling, steaming, frying, and grilling.
- Tong Yip (ทองหยิบ), literally “Flower Egg Yolk Tart”, is formed its shape as a flower. Its ingredient consists of egg yolk, sugar, and flower water boiled in sugar syrup. The word of “Thong” (ทอง) means gold represents reputation and prosperity. Thai people believe that gold will bring a good thing happens to their life. Thong Yip means Picking Gold. A nice Thong Yip will not smell of yolks and it has a sweet taste. You should buy it from markets and Thai dessert stores. The one of popular Thai dessert stores is Khanom Thai Baan Khanom Suay at Patthanakarn Road Soi 65.
- Khanom Chan (ขนมชั้น), calls “Thai Jello”, forms like a Jelly that is baked in 9 layers and set on a cookie pan. Its ingredient compounds of sugar, coconut milk, and flour are mixed. The word of “Khanom” (ขนม) means dessert or sweets, “Chan” (ชั้น) means layer or level that indicates to improve or increase in the state. Number nine in its layer is significant in affluence in Thai. Khanom Chan is popular because it has a sweet scent, a slightly oily thoroughly from increasing coconut milk and a smooth texture. You can get it from markets and Thai dessert stores. The popular store is Khanom Whan Mae Kwa (ขนมหวานแม่กวา) at Nangloeng Market.
While not particularly high class, street food is among the most delicious food and can be found all over Bangkok — wherever you're staying, you rarely have to walk more than 100m for a cart of street restaurant.
- Many street vendors sell satay (สะเต๊ะ) with hot sauce for 5-10 baht a piece.
- One of Thailand's national dishes you can try is pad Thai (ผัดไทย), stir-fried rice noodles with eggs, fish sauce, tamarind juice and red chili pepper. It can be prepared for you on one of the ubiquitous carts, or in a street restaurant for about 50 baht. You can order it with chicken (gai) or shrimps (kung). Be aware that the pad Thai sold on the street on Khao San Road is changed to appeal to tourists, and is not an authentic pad Thai. Much better pad Thai is available in almost any restaurant on Khao San. A very authentic and cheap halal pad Thai is sold by on a cart at footsteps of pedestrian bridge on Petchaburi Road near BTS station Ratchathewi.
- Another one of Thailand's national dishes you should try is tom yam kung (ต้มยำกุ้ง), a sour soup with prawns, lemongrass and galangal — beware, as it is very spicy!
- Khao man kai (ข้าวมันไก่) is another popular street food. You can identify it at stalls displaying boiled chicken. Served with a bowl of fragrant chicken soup is a mound of rice topped with sliced chicken pieces and cucumber. Side sauces are spicy and go well with the bland chicken and rice. You can sometimes add optional liver and gizzard if that is your taste.
- If you like sweets, try to find a kanom roti (โรตี) street vendor. The crepe-like dessert is filled with sweetened condensed milk, lots of sugar, and can also have bananas inside. Also fun to watch them being made.
- Khao San Road is known for its carts selling bugs — yes, insects. They are deep fried, nutritious and quite tasty with the soy sauce that is sprayed on them. Types available: scorpions, water beetles, grasshoppers, crickets, bamboo larvae, mealworms and some more seasonal specialties. Break off the legs from grasshoppers and crickets or they will get stuck in your throat.
Thai dishes can roughly be categorised into central, northern, northeastern and southern cuisine. What's so great about Bangkok is that all these cuisines are present. Isaan food (from the northeast of Thailand) is a backpacker favourite; generally street restaurants serve on plenty of small plates that can be shared. Som tam (ส้มตำ) is a salad made from shredded and pounded raw papaya — again, it is spicy, but oh so delicious. If you want to dine the Isaan way, also order some khao niew (sticky rice), kai yang (grilled chicken) and moo yang (grilled pork). Isaan food is very spicy; say mai pet or pet nit noy to tone it down. Southern Thai cuisine is also worth it; many of them have congregated around Wang Lang in Thonburi. At least try the massaman curry (แกงมัสมั่น), it's delicious.
The place to go to for Chinese food is Yaowarat. It has a range of street stalls and cheap restaurants selling expensive delicacies at affordable prices. Soi Phadung Dao is the best street for huge seafood restaurants. Try 1 kg of huge barbecued prawns for about 300 baht. Phahurat, Bangkok's Little India, has some decent Indian restaurants.
Dinner cruises on the Chao Phraya River are a touristy (but fun) way of spotting floodlit temples while chowing down on seafood and watching Thai cultural performances. Most operate buffet-style and the quality of the food is so-so, but there's lots of it and it's not too spicy. While the river can give a romantic experience, it can also be dirty and smelly with lots of plants floating around.
Drinks and tips are usually not included in the listed prices below. Always make a reservation before heading out to the pier. There are many competing operators, most of them depart from the River City pier next to the Si Phraya Express Boat pier. Major operators include:
- Chao Phraya Princess, 723 Supakarn Building, Charoen Nakhorn Rd, ☎ +66 2 860-3700, . Departure 19:30. Large operator with four modern air-conditioned boats seating up to 250 people. Departure from River City pier. 1,300 baht. edit
- Loy Nava, 1367 Charoen Nakhorn Rd, ☎ +66 2 437-4932, . Departure 18:00 or 20:10 daily. This dinner cruise heads out with 70-seater rice barges. Departure from Si Phraya pier (near River City), and there is a free pickup from most hotels. 1,400 baht. edit
- Maeyanang, 183/59 Soi Chuchart-anusorn, Chaeng Watthana Rd, Nonthaburi, ☎ +66 2 659-9000, . Departure 19:00 daily. Catered and operated by the Oriental Hotel, the Maeyanang is a custom-built ornately carved teakwood boat seating only 32 people, small enough to venture off the river down the subsidiary klongs. Departure from Oriental pier. 2,000 baht. edit
- Manohra, 257 Charoen Nakhorn Rd, ☎ +66 2 477-0770, . Departure 19:30 daily. These restored Thai rice barges seat 40 people. Departure from Marriott Resort pier, with an optional pick-up from Saphan Taksin BTS station. 1,250-1,990 baht. edit
- Wan Fah, 292 Rachawongse Rd, ☎ +66 2 222-8679, . Departure 19:00 daily. These two-hour dinner cruises include a set meal of farang-friendly Thai food and seafood, live music and Thai classical dancing. Departure from River City. 1,000 baht. edit
- Yok Yor Marina, 885 Somdet Chao Phraya Soi 17, ☎ +66 2 863-0565, . Departure 20:00. Operated by the famous seafood restaurant, this is a much more local (and cheaper) option than the tourist cruises: pay a 160 baht "boat fee" and then order off the menu at normal restaurant prices. Departure from Yok Yor Marina on the Thonburi side of the river. There is a free shuttle service from Saphan Taksin BTS station. edit
Drink[add listing]Individual listings can be found in Bangkok's district articles Sirocco at State Tower, Silom
Bangkok's nightlife is infamously wild, but it's not quite what it used to be: due to recent social order campaigns. Most restaurants, bars and clubs are now supposed to close at 02:00 AM, although quite a few stay open till much later. Informal roadside bars do stay open all night, particularly in Sukhumvit and Khao San Road. You must carry your passport for ID checks and police occasionally raid bars and clubs, subjecting all customers to drug tests and searches, though these mostly occur at places that cater for high society Thais rather than foreigners.
One of Bangkok's main party districts is Silom, home not only to perhaps the world's most famous go-go bar strip Patpong, but plenty of more legitimate establishments catering to all tastes. For a drink with a view, the open-air rooftop bars of Vertigo and Sirocco are particularly impressive. A large number of superhip and more expensive bars and nightclubs can be found in the higher sois of Sukhumvit, including, Q Bar, and Narz, as well as the hip area of Thong Lo (Soi 55).
Hippie hangout Khao San Road is also slowly gentrifying and a score of young artsy Thai teenagers have also made their mark there. Going out in Khao San Road is mostly casual, sitting at a roadside bar watching people pass by, but the Gazebo Club is a nightclub that stays open till the sun gets up. Most of the younger Thais prefer to congregate around Ratchadaphisek, home to the Royal City Avenue strip of nightclubs.
Smoking is forbidden in all restaurants, bars and nightclubs, whether air-conditioned or non-air-conditioned. Remarkably for Thailand, this rule is not strictly enforced.
Go-go and beer bars
Behaving while misbehavin'
The go-go bar is an institution of Bangkok's "naughty nightlife". In a typical go-go, several dozen dancers in bikinis (or less) crowd the stage, shuffling back and forth to loud music and trying to catch the eye of punters in the audience. Some (but not all) also put on shows where girls perform on stage, but these are generally tamer than you'd expect — nudity, for example, is technically forbidden. In a beer bar, there are no stages and the girls are wearing street clothes.
If this sounds like a thinly veiled veneer for prostitution, it is. Although some point to the large number of American GIs during the Vietnam War as the point of origin of the Thai sex trade, others have claimed that current Thai attitudes towards sexuality have deeper roots in Thai history. Both go-go and beer bars are squarely aimed at the foreign tourists and it's fairly safe to assume that most if not all Thais in them are on the take. That said, it's perfectly OK to check out these shows without actually partaking, and there are more and more curious couples and even the occasional tour group attending. The main area is around Patpong in Silom, but similar bars to the ones at Patpong can be found in Sukhumvit, at Nana Entertainment Plaza (Soi 4) and Soi Cowboy (Soi 23). Soi 33 is packed with hostess bars, which are more upscale than the Soi Cowboy and Nana Plaza bars and do not feature go-go dancing. Before heading to these places, be sure to read the Stay safe section for some additional advice.
As go-go bars close around 01:00, there are so-called after-hour clubs that stay open till the sun gets up. They are not hard to find — just hop in a taxi. Taxi drivers are eager to drive you there, as they get a hefty commission from club owners to bring you to them — you might even get the ride for free. These clubs generally feel grim and edgy, and there are so-called "freelancers" among the girls (prostitutes). Some well-known after-hour clubs include ""Climax"" on Soi 11, Bossy Club in Pratunam, Spicy Club near Siam Square and the always famous Thermae on Sukhumvit between sois 15 and 17 in the basement underneath the Ruamchit short time hotel.
Thais are generally accepting of homosexuality and Bangkok has a very active gay nightlife scene, concentrated in Silom's Soi 2, Soi 4 and a short strip of gay go-go bars known as Soi Twilight (off Surawong Road). Gay strip bars all have free entry, but charge an extra 150 baht or so for drinks. The most popular gay drinking bars are The Balcony and Telephone Pub at Silom Soi 4, which are busy until 23:00. For the disco crowd, DJ Station and its late-night neighbour G.O.D. Club (located at Silom Soi 2) are packed every night beginning around 23:00. Between 17:00-22:00 over 200 men from around the world cruise, swim, dine and party at the nearby Babylon, considered by many to be the best gay sauna in the world. Babylon also has a budget and luxury accommodation.
All of these bars and clubs are aimed at gay men and the lesbian scene is much more low-key. Since the opening of full-time lesbian bars Zeta and E-Fun, a small lesbian community is starting to emerge along Royal City Avenue. Lesla (near Phahonyothin) is a lesbian bar that is opened on Saturday nights only. Bring along your passport for entrance age checking (they do not allow people under 20 years old).
Some Thai regulars in the gay nightlife scene skirt the fine line between partying and prostitution, and the Western visitor, being considered richer, is expected to pay any food and drink expenses and perhaps provide some "taxi money" in the morning. It's usually wise to ask a boy you pick up in a bar or club if he is after money, as it's not uncommon for them to start demanding money after sex. However most Thai boys looking for money for sex will refer to themselves as 'money boys' and as long as you ask them this with discretion its considered OK!.
Sleep[add listing]Individual listings can be found in Bangkok's district articles
Book online, save money
Bangkok has a vast range of accommodation, including some of the best hotels in the world — and some of the worst dives too. Broadly speaking, Khao San Road is backpacker city; the riverside of Silom and Thonburi is home to The Oriental and The Peninsula respectively, often ranked among the best in the world (and priced to match). Most of the city's moderate and expensive hotels can be found in Siam Square, Sukhumvit and Silom, though they also have their share of budget options.
When choosing your digs, think of the amount of luxury you want to pay for — air-conditioning can be advised, as temperatures don't drop below 20°C at night. Also pay careful attention to Skytrain, metro and express boat access, as a well-placed station or pier could make your stay in Bangkok much more comfortable. In general, accommodation in Bangkok is cheap though. It's possible to have a decent double room with hot shower and air-conditioning for about 500 baht/night. If you want more luxury, expect to pay around 1,500 baht for a double room in downtown. Even staying at one of Bangkok's top hotels only sets you back around 5,000 baht — the price of a standard double room in Europe.
One Bangkok hotel phenomenon of note is the guest fee of around 500 baht added to your bill if you bring along a newly found friend for the night. Some hotels even refuse Thai guests altogether, this is especially common in Khao San Road. These rules are obviously aimed at controlling local sex workers, which is why hotel security will usually hold onto your guest's ID card for the duration of the visit, but some hotels will also apply it to Western visitors — or, more embarrassingly, try to apply it to your Thai partner. Look for the signs, or, if in doubt, ask the staff before check-in.
- AVANI Riverside, 257 Charoennakorn Road, Thonburi, Bangkok 10600 Thailand, ☎ +66 2431 9100, . Avani riverside Bangkok hotels is located near the bangkok skyline and the river which is flowing near the Bangkok city. This is a great city hotel with breathtaking views and an amazing infinity pool. USD 94. (13.705452,100.491724) edit
- AVANI Atrium Bangkok, 880 New Petchburi Road, Bangkok 10310 Thailand, ☎ +66 2 718 2000, . Avani Atrium Bangkok is ideal for business and leisure travellers. The hotel offers Complimentary laundry and evening turn down service in Executive Rooms and Suites. USD 55. (13.747665,100.569749) edit
- Anantara Siam Bangkok, 155 Rajadamri Road, Bangkok 10330 Thailand (Strategically situated in the heart of the city,Suvarnabhumi International Airport is approximately a 45 minute drive from the hotel.), ☎ +66 2 126 8866, . checkout: Late check-out until 4.00 pm (subject to availability). Explore the worlds most beautiful capital cities with the Anantara Siam Bangkok. The luxury urban retreat that designed to fulfill your luxury stay to the fullest level. USD 175. (13.740948,100.540271) edit
- Anantara Riverside Bangkok, 257/1-3 Charoennakorn Road Thonburi, Bangkok 10600, Thailand (Located on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River, Anantara Riverside Bangkok Resort is roughly 45 minutes from Suvarnabhumi International Airport), ☎ +66 2 476 0022, . checkout: Late check-out until 4.00 pm (subject to availability). Amazing riverside escape in the heart of the Bangkok city. Enjoy impressive exotic facilities in the Anantara Riverside Bangkok. USD 86. (13.704321,100.492262) edit
- Anantara Bangkok, Sathorn, 36 Narathiwat-Ratchanakarin Road Bangkok 10120 Thailand (Located on the edge of Bangkok’s business district, Anantara Sathorn is also conveniently located at the Arkhan Songkhro Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) station, which is also one stop away from the BTS Chong Non Sri station.), ☎ +66 2 210 9000, . checkout: Late check-out until 4.00 pm (subject to availability). "Anantara Sathorn Bangkok, a destination well suited for both leisure and business travellers. Have award winning Italian cuisine with amazing city views of the dazzling Bangkok." USD 64. (13.716053,100.531679) edit
- Anantara Baan Rajprasong, 3 Soi Mahardlekluang 3, Rajdamri Road Lumpinee, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330 Thailand (Located on the prestigious Rajdamri Road, Rajdamri BTS sky train station is just 100 meters from Anantara Baan Rajprasong.), ☎ +66 2 264 6464, . Anantara Baan Rajprasong Bangkok Serviced Suites the ultimate 5 star location that fulfils your contemporary city lifestyle with its luxury facilities and surrounding lush parks. USD 130. (13.738854,100.541213) edit
- Anantara Cruises, 257/1-3 Charoennakorn Road, Thonburi, Bangkok 10600, Thailand, ☎ +66 2 476 0022, . checkout: Late check-out until 4.00 pm (subject to availability). Journey through the Bangkok's Chao Phraya River while watching the Thailand's most famous historical treasures in the bank of the River of Kings with the ultimate luxury with Anantara Cruises Bangkok. USD 932. (13.703892,100.492667) edit
- Aunchaleena Bangkok Hotel, 453 Ladprao 122 Wangtonglang, Bangkok 10310, . Aunchaleena Bangkok Hotel is the perfect choice for everyone who enjoys budgeted, Privacy and convenient. It is located on Ramkhamhaeng 65, 100 metres walk to Rajchamangkhala Giant sport stadium, Ramkhamhaeng University and just 15 minutes from Suvarnbhumi Airport. The well-appointed rooms come with a private bathroom featuring both a shower and a bathtub. They have cable TV, a minibar and ample work space.Select rooms come with a separate living and dining area. edit
- The Egypt Boutique Bangkok, 357/53 Ladprao 122 Wangthonglang, Bangkok 10310, . The 110 luxurious rooms are beautiful decorated in boutique style.The Egypt offers the excellent location with affordable prices for short or long stays. edit
Given its size, Bangkok is surprisingly safe, with violent crimes like mugging and robbery unusual but you should be careful, of course. One of the biggest dangers is motorbikes who ride on pavements at speed, go through red lights, undertake buses as they stop to let passengers off and generally drive far too fast especially through stationary traffic. If you are going to hire a bike, make sure you have insurance in case you are injured. You may be the world's best driver but you'll meet many of the world's worst drivers in Thailand.
Bangkok does have more than its fair share of scams, and many individuals in the tourist business do not hesitate to overcharge unwary visitors. As a rule of thumb, it's wise to decline all offers made by someone who appears to be a friendly local giving a hapless tourist some local advice. Never get in a tuk-tuk if someone else is trying to get you into one. Most Bangkok locals do not approach foreigners without an ulterior motive.
It is illegal to talk badly of the king. Tourists, just like locals, will get arrested and serve extended jail terms if caught doing so. Be extremely careful if you choose to talk politics, and it's really better not to do so at all.
What to do if you fall for the gem scam
You should always be on the look-out for scammers, especially in major tourist areas. There are dozens of scams in Bangkok, but by far the most widely practised is the gem scam. Always beware of tuk-tuk drivers offering all-day tours for prices as low as 10 baht. You may indeed be taken on a full-day tour, but you will end up only visiting one gem and souvenir shop after another. Don't buy any products offered by pushy salesmen — the "gems" are pretty much always worthless pieces of cut glass and the suits are of deplorable quality. The tuk-tuk driver gets a commission if you buy something — and fuel coupons even if you don't. Unless the idea of travelling by tuk-tuk appeals to you, it's almost always cheaper, more comfortable and less hassle to take a metered taxi.
In general, never ask a taxi driver for a recommendation for something. They will very likely take you to a place where they get a commission, and be of dubious quality. In particular, do not ask a taxi driver for a restaurant recommendation. An infamous place taxi drivers take unsuspecting tourists is Somboon D which is a terrible seafood restaurant in a seedy area under the train tracks on Makkasan Rd. A typical meal there costs 800 baht per person and it comes with little seafood, no service, and complaints are not taken by management. Instead of asking a taxi driver, search the web, ask a local on the street, or just walk around -- you will surprise yourself with what is around a corner in Bangkok.
Be highly skeptical when an English-speaking Thai at a popular tourist attraction approaches you out of the blue, telling that your intended destination is currently closed or offering discount admissions. Temples are almost always free (the main exceptions are Wat Phra Kaew and Wat Pho) and open just about every day of the year. Anyone telling you otherwise, even if they have an official-looking identification card, is most likely out to scam you, especially if they suggest a tuk-tuk ride to some alternate sights to see until the sight re-opens. At paid admission sites, verify the operating hours at the ticket window.
If you entered one of these tuk-tuks, touts often will drop you off at a certain place, such as a genuine Buddhist temple. Here you will find a man that claims to be an official, and he guides you in a certain direction. There you will find another "official" who also claims that a certain attraction is closed. This way, a tourist hears the same statement by multiple people, and is more eager to believe that his or her intended destination indeed is closed. Never get involved with these scammers or believe any of their statements.
Another scam is for a friendly Thai person to approach a tourist and provide a set of recommended locations to visit, including at least one shop, and even volunteer to mark them on your map and negotiate a fair tuk tuk price to take you to these destinations. At the first location, typically a nice, off the beaten path temple, a man praying will strike up a conversation and ask you where you're going. Upon seeing the store on your itinerary, he will reaffirm the quality and assure you he buys from there regularly. These stories can be incredibly detailed, and include cell phone pictures or even receipts. These men are not unbiased though, but part of an elaborate scheme, working with the first man to get you to buy marked up gems or poor quality suits. The temples can be worth checking out, but do not buy anything!
When getting a taxi, it is a good idea to hail a moving taxi from the main road, or to walk a short distance out of a major tourist area before looking for one. This is no guarantee of honesty, but greatly increases your chances of finding an honest driver, of which there are plenty in Bangkok, even if it sometimes seems that every driver is on the make. Most of the untrustworthy drivers are the ones standing still in tourist areas. Another important rule of thumb is to insist on the meter for taxis and agree on a price in advance for tuk-tuks. If they refuse, or quote silly prices, just walk out and get a different one as they're rarely in short supply. The Thai phrase to ask a driver to use the meter is mee-TOE, khap if you're male and mee-TOE, kha if you're female.
Beware of tuk-tuk or taxi drivers who approach you speaking good English or with an "I ♥ farang" sign, especially those who mention or take you to a tailor shop (or any kind of business). They are paid by inferior tailor shops to bring tourists there to be subjected to high pressure sales techniques. If at any point your transportation brings you somewhere you didn't intend or plan to go, walk away immediately, ignore any entreaties to the contrary, and find another taxi or tuk-tuk.
Beware of a very overweight Western woman who approaches you with a story about how her luggage has just been stolen and needs money to get home. For several years now, she has usually lurked around the tourist attractions in Bangkok looking for prey. The scam industry in Bangkok is large enough to employ farangs!
Also beware of a woman who goes by the name of Koiy who runs a travel tour company named Tourist Information Tour Co., Ltd which operates under the Licence Number 12/01451. Her offices are located at 7101 Ka-om Rd., Wat Som Subdist, Pomprab Dist., Bangkok. For several years she has had locals, who are fluent in English, approach tourists to give "advice" on a government run tour agency that is used by locals because the prices are so low. They will claim that it is the only government agency and may claim that you will receive a (student, business, tourist...) discount of up to 20%. At first you will only be significantly overcharged, but if multiple trips are booked at one time the later portions of your trip may not be booked at all and you will be left stranded.
Also beware of private bus companies offering direct trips from Bangkok to other cities with "VIP" buses. There are a lot of scams performed by these private bus companies. The so-called direct VIP trips may end up changing three or four uncomfortable minibuses to the destination, and the 10-11 hour trip may well turn into 17-18 hours. Instead, try to book public BKS buses from the main bus terminals. It's worth the extra shoe-leather, as there have been reports of robberies on private buses as well.
As of 2012, there is a scam involving the local police and marijuana. If you attempt to purchase marijuana from one of the taxi or tuk-tuk drivers on Kao San Rd., there is the potential that you will get ripped off by the police. The scam goes like this: you ask for the weed, and the driver will tell you he knows a friend who he will call. The friend will show up and take you in the tuk-tuk to do the marijuana/money exchange. You'll get some terrible quality stuff and then get dropped off. Immediately after being dropped off, local police will run up on you and search you, finding the marijuana. Then, you'll be forced to go to the station with them and bribe. The going rate is USD1,000 but you could bargain down to USD600. They will walk you to the ATM and watch you withdraw the money, which you then hand over as your "fee" to go free. It's an awful scam. Don't try to buy marijuana in Bangkok unless you know what you're doing.
Bangkok is known for its go-go bars and the prostitution that comes along with it. Technically, some aspects of prostitution are illegal (eg. soliciting, pimping), but enforcement is rare, and brothels are common. It's not illegal to pay for sex or to pay a "bar fine" (a fee the bar collects if you want to take an employee away).
The age of consent in Thailand is 15, but a higher minimum age of 18 applies in the case of prostitutes. Penalties for sex with minors are harsh. All adult Thais must carry an identity card, which will state that they were born in 2534 or earlier if they were over the age of 18 on 1 January 2010 (in the Thai calendar, 2010 is the year 2553). Many hotels retain the ID cards of prostitutes for the duration of their visit. Whilst most prostitutes are employed by bars or similar businesses, some are "freelancers". Petty theft and other problems are more common with these freelancers. HIV and AIDS awareness is better than it used to be, but infection statistics among entertainment industry workers remain high; freelancers are the highest risk group. Almost all girls insist on using condoms.
While walking in go-go bar areas is generally safe, you have to be cautious of touts who try to drag you into the Patpong upstairs bars with offers of ping-pong shows and 100-baht beer. The beer may well be 100 baht, but the "show" you'll be treated to will be 1,000 baht or more. A good idea is to let your friend check the place with you waiting outside (and if he doesn't come out in a few minutes you should call the police) and don't interact with workers during show, don't drink anything offered, don't let some friendly Thai sit next to you and talk to you, because you will end up paying for everything mentioned. If you follow this advice you can see ping pong show for 200 baht without paying anything else, just the ticket to bar.
Do not get into fights with locals. Thais are peace loving people, but when a Thai fights a foreigner, it is never a fair fight. You'll wind up having to fight 10-20 others who were not initially involved, or the police will be called and not do anything to assist you (especially the metropolitan police, as they normally have very limited English skills; always contact the Tourist Police (telephone 1155) when in trouble). Thais are also notorious for fighting with weaponry (guns, knives, broken bottles, metal rods) or employing Muay Thai techniques. These are usually produced from their concealed locations, with foreigners getting seriously injured or worse. Just avoid all confrontations. If you do get involved in a situation, it is better to apologise and get the heck out of there. In Thailand, discretion is definitely the better part of valour.
Elephants are a large part of Thailand's tourist business, and the smuggling and mistreatment of elephants for tourist attractions is a widespread practice. Be aware that elephants are often separated from their mothers at a young age to be cruelly trained under captivity for the rest of their lives. Discourage this kind of treatment by refusing to participate in elephant rides or any other animal-based entertainment.
A once depressingly common sight on the congested streets of Bangkok is elephant begging, which has significantly decreased in recent years due to police enforcement. During night hours, mahouts (trainers) with lumbering elephants approach tourists to feed the creatures bananas or take a photo with them for a fee. The elephants are brought to the city to beg in this way because they are out of work and are mistreated and visibly distressed under the conditions of the city. Please avoid supporting this cruelty by rejecting the mahouts as they offer you bananas to feed the elephants.
Due to its location, lax laws, and resources, many illegal animal products come through Bangkok. Rare and endangered species are often sold at markets for pets (especially at Chatuchak), and many other animal products are sold as luxury items. Avoid buying rare pets, leather, ivory, talons, dried sea creatures (such as starfish), fur, feathers, teeth, wool, and other products since they are most likely the result of illegal poaching, and buying them contributes greatly to animal endangerment and abuse.
Food and water
As elsewhere in Thailand, be careful with what you eat. Outside of major tourist hotels and resorts, stay away from raw leafy vegetables, egg-based dressings like mayonnaise, unpackaged ice cream and minced meat as hot weather tends to make food go bad faster. In short, stick to boiled, baked, fried or peeled food.
Tap water in Bangkok is said to be safe when it comes out the plant, but unfortunately the plumbing along the way often is not, so it's wise to avoid drinking the stuff, even in hotels. Any water served to you in good restaurants will at least be boiled, but it's better to order sealed bottles instead, which are available everywhere at low prices.
In some areas, like the smaller sois surrounding Khao San Road, there are coin-operated filtration machines, allowing you to refill your drink bottles with safe water. These vending machines are often seen being used by locals, so they should be relatively safe.
Take care with ice, which may be made with tap water of questionable potability as above. Some residents claim that ice with round holes is made by commercial ice makers who purify their water; others state that it is wise not to rely on that claim.
Internet cafés abound in Bangkok. You'll generally be looking at rates of around 30-60 baht per hour in tourist-laden districts like Khao San Road, 20-30 baht per hour in downtown (the top floors of MBK for example), and 10-15 baht per hour if you would venture into residential areas (where the speed generally is still high).
An increasing number of cafés and pubs offer free Wi-Fi to their customers, including the ubiquitous Coffee World chain in all of its branches (ask for the password at the counter). TrueMove offers both free and paid Wi-Fi access. If you want to get online for free, you must register first, and both session and overall time is limited. Their network is accessible in many malls, including Siam Square, and sometimes can be available from your room if you stay in a nearby hot-spot — just look for the 'truewifi' network, you can register right there. Most hotels and guest houses provide at least some form of Internet. Some have Wi-Fi access inside the rooms — but inquire before booking.
There is not a lot of free Wi-Fi available in old districts like Rattanakosin or Yaowarat.
The area code for Bangkok is 02. You only need to dial the 0 if you're calling from within Thailand. Pay phones are not commonplace, as most Thais have a mobile phone. If you want to avoid high roaming costs, you can buy a local SIM card for 100 baht at Suvarnabhumi Airport (or other mobile phone stores throughout the city). The 100 baht is not just for the SIM card, but is immediately your first pre-paid amount. Topping it up is easy; just walk into a 7-Eleven convenience store and pick an amount you want to add. Making international calls is also cheaper this way.
Bangkok's red post boxes are found all over the city. There are also plenty of Thailand Post offices around for sending post and packages. In tourist areas, there are post offices in the Khao San Road area (in front of Wat Bowonniwet) and at Sukhumvit Road (between Soi 4 and 6).
If you're staying in Bangkok for a longer time, you might want to make use of poste restante, so other people can send you letters or parcels using a post office's address. Post offices keep the letters for at least two months. Letters sent via poste restante must have the receiver's name on it, with the family name in underlined capital letters. If you want to pick them up near Khao San Road (opposite Wat Bowonniwet), it must be addressed to Poste Restante, Banglamphubon Post Office, Bangkok, 10203, Thailand. If you want to pick up your post in the Sukhumvit area, make sure it is addressed to Poste Restante, Nana Post Office, Sukhumvit Road, Bangkok, 10112, Thailand.
The word is out on the quality and value of Thailand’s healthcare, and the numbers of visitors coming has increased accordingly. Patients have come to love the sparkling modern facilities with all the latest equipment, the highly professional doctors and medical staffs – many with Western certification, and especially the gentle nature and famous Thai service touch they receive everywhere in Thailand.
Many travellers go to Bangkok to undergo medical treatments at a fraction of the cost charged in their home countries. The best-regarded (and most expensive) is Bumrungrad Hospital, which attracts about 400,000 foreign patients per year or an average of 1,000+ a day. Other hospitals, such as Samitivej also specialize in serving foreigners. Private hospitals in Thailand are accredited by the government according to international standards, and many of the doctors in Thailand hold international accreditation and relevant licences.
Thailand was the first country in Southeast Asia to receive JCI accreditation, and many of Bangkok’s hospitals have won international awards and are internationally accredited. [source6] Thailand’s 21 JCI-accredited hospitals (as of August 2013) are: Bangkok Heart Hospital, Bangkok Hospital, Dr. Sunil Dental Clinic, Bangkok International Dental Center, BNH Hospital, Bumrungrad International, Central General Hospital, Chaophya Hospital, Metta International Eye Center (Ambulatory Care), Navamin 9 Hospital, Nonthavej Hospital, Praram 9 Hospital, Ramkhamhaeng Hospital, Saimai Hospital, Samitivej Srinakarin Hospital, Samitivej Sukhumvit Hospital, Sikarin Hospital, Synphaet Hospital, Vejthani Hospital, Vibhavadi Hospital, Wattanosoth Cancer Hospital and Yanhee Hospital.
The Clinical Care Program Certification (CCPC) includes 15 categories of clinical services for certification; the following 5 Thailand hospitals have received certificates from the Joint Commission International (JCI) for CCPC in the following areas:
Bangkok Hospital Medical Center
- Acute Myocardial Infarction Program
- Breast Cancer Program
- Diabetes Mellitus (Type 2)
- Heart Failure Program
- Low Back Pain Program
- Primary Stroke Center
- Acute Myocardial Infarction Program
- Chronic Kidney Disease Stage I to IV Program
- Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 and 2 Program
- Primary Stroke Program
Samitivej Srinakarin Hospital
- Childhood Asthma
- Low Back Pain program
- Primary Stroke program
Samitivej Sukhumvit Hospital
- Acute Myocardial Infarction Program
- Lung Cancer Program
- Osteoarthritis of the Knee Program
- Diabetic Care
- Heart Failure
- Knee Replacement
Popular treatments, ranging from cosmetic, organ transplants and orthopaedic treatments to dental and cardiac surgeries, are available at a price much lower than the US or Europe. For example, Bumrungrad Hospital charges 90,000 baht for an all-inclusive breast implant package. Bangkok is also well-known as a centre for sexual reassignment surgery for people wishing to change their physical sex, although this falls out of the scope of a casual vacation.
Dental and medical clinics are everywhere in Bangkok; one can hardly walk ten minutes without seeing signs for doctors and dentists. They range from small one-chair clinics to entire buildings devoted solely to dental treatment. One such place is Bangkok International Dental Center (BIDC), which employs some 80 dentists with over 120 highly-trained and experienced staff. BIDC was the first dental centre in Thailand to be awarded JCI accreditation, the gold standard of medical certification. Despite the global standards and latest equipment, prices still make one smile at 50-70% less for comparable treatments in Western countries.
On the dental side, popular procedures are available most everywhere, including teeth whitening, dental implants, and orthodontics. For those searching for skin-care treatments, look no further: Bangkok offers scores of dermatology clinics and a multitude of procedures and treatments.
There are many dental clinics with English-speaking dentists and staff. The largest of them is the Bangkok International Dental Center (BIDC) with branches in Ratchadaphisek and Siam Square. There are also plenty of teeth whitening, implant and orthodontic providers over town.
Dr. Sunil Dental Clinic is located at Sukhumvith Soi 71, Soi Predee Panomyong 14, Building No.5, Moobaan Pakamas, Bangkok, Thailand 10250, For BTS: Phrakhanong station (#E8), They provide a wide range of dental services such as laser teeth whitening, dental implants, crown/porcelain veneers and bridges within 24 hours, bonding, gum lifts, aesthetic dentures and tooth colour fillings.
Bangkok is an ideal place to get your travel vaccinations. The Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute provide red cross sealed immunizations for much cheaper than most other countries. Vaccinations that would have cost over USD500 in North America may cost less than USD30.
The Thai Red Cross Anonymous Clinic on Ratchadamri Road (approximately 5 minutes walk from BTS Ratchadamri, towards Silom) provides low cost sexual health services for those in need. It has English speaking doctors, HIV test results within the hour (200 baht), and a dispensary for medications to treat other venereal diseases. It is busy so be prepared for a wait. Donations are greatly appreciated, there is a large box near the exit for this purpose.
The Immigration Bureau, has moved from central Soi Suan Plu to far-away Government Building B in Chaeng Wattana Soi 7, ☎ +66 2 141-9889, M-F 08:30-12:00, 13:00-16:30). The centre is in the far north of Bangkok near the old Don Muang Airport. It is a spacious building with a ground floor café, restaurants and copy vendors. Visas, re-entry permits and many other immigration services are available. It is best to take the Skytrain to Mo Chit station and then hail a taxi to the government centre. Services for Myanmarese, Cambodian and Lao citizens remain at Soi Suan Plu.
| || |
- Lam Phaya Floating Market- 30-minute ride from Bangkok
If you want to get out of the city for a while, there are plenty of day trip options from Bangkok.
- Amphawa — interesting floating markets popular with the locals
- Ayutthaya — ancient capital showcasing its many ruins, 1.5 hours away by bus or train
- Bang Pa-In — its magnificent Summer Palace makes for a pleasant day trip
- Damnoen Saduak — picture-perfect floating market on tourist steroids
- Hua Hin — beach resort town with nearby waterfalls and national parks
- Kanchanaburi — the famous Bridge over the River Kwai, the Erawan Falls and Hellfire Pass
- Ko Kret — rustic little island to the north of Bangkok reknowned for its potteries, a pleasant day trip out of the concrete jungle
- Nakhon Pathom — Thailand's oldest city and site of the world's largest stupa
- Phetchaburi — relaxed historic town with the Khao Wang mountain, colourful temples and delicious desserts
Bangkok is also an excellent hub for onward travel into other regions of Thailand.
- Chiang Mai — the gateway to the north and the heart of Lanna culture
- Khao Yai National Park — stunning mountainous scenery and some of Thailand's fledgling vineyards
- Ko Chang — large relatively unspoiled tropical island
- Ko Samet — the closest beach island to Bangkok with white sand beaches
- Krabi Province — the beautiful beaches and islands of Ao Nang, Rai Leh, Ko Phi Phi and Ko Lanta
- Nakhon Ratchasima (Khorat) — main city in the Isaan region
- Phuket — the original Thai paradise island, now very developed but still with some beautiful beaches
- Sukhothai — the ruins of the ancient Sukhothai Kingdom
- Surat Thani — home of the former Srivijaya Empire, gateway to Ko Samui, Ko Pha Ngan and Ko Tao
- Koh Samui — an island of natural beauty and charm
|Routes through Bangkok|
|END ←||W E||→ Chachoengsao → Aranyaprathet |
|Nong Khai ← Ayutthaya ←||N S||→ END |
|Chiang Mai ← Rangsit ←||N S||→ END |
|END ←||N S||→ Nakhon Pathom → Butterworth |
|Samut Songkhram ← Samut Sakhon ←||W E||→ END |
|Mae Sai ← Rangsit ←||N S||→ END |
|END ←||W E||→ Samut Prakan → Trat |
|END ←||N S||→ Nakhon Pathom → Sadao|
WikiPedia:Bangkok wts:Category:Bangkok Dmoz:Asia/Thailand/Provinces/Bangkok/ World66:asia/southeastasia/thailand/bangkok
|This is a guide article. It has a variety of good, quality information including hotels, restaurants, attractions, arrival and departure info. Plunge forward and help us make it a star!|
|This Guide-quality article has been nominated for "Star" article status. To be considered a Star article, it has to be comprehensive, properly formatted, and well written. Please comment on whether or not you think it meets the specific criteria, at Wikitravel:Star nominations. And if you think it's not quite ready, please plunge forward and help make it so!|
This article is about passenger car and pickup classifications. For commercial vehicle classifications, see Truck classification.
|This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: Article needs large amounts of proofreading and organization. Please help improve this article if you can. (January 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Governments and private organizations have developed car classification schemes that are used for innumerable purposes including regulation, description and categorization, among others. This article details commonly used classification schemes in use worldwide.
- 1 Classification methods
- 2 Size and usage-based vehicle classification systems worldwide
- 3 Economy car
- 3.1 Microcar
- 3.2 Hatchbacks
- 3.2.1 Ultracompact car
- 3.2.2 City car
- 3.2.3 Supermini/subcompact car
- 4 Family car
- 4.1 Small family car/compact car
- 4.2 Large family / mid-size
- 5 Saloons / sedans
- 5.1 Large family / mid-size
- 5.2 Full size / large
- 5.3 Crossover SUV
- 5.4 Minivans / MPVs
- 6 Luxury vehicle
- 6.1 Compact executive
- 6.2 Executive/mid-luxury
- 6.3 Full-size luxury / Grand saloon
- 6.4 Estate cars / station wagons
- 7 Sports cars
- 7.1 Hot hatch
- 7.2 Sports saloon / sports sedan
- 7.3 Sports car
- 7.4 Grand tourer
- 7.5 Supercar
- 7.6 Muscle car
- 7.7 Pony car
- 7.8 Convertible
- 8 Off-roaders
- 8.1 Sport utility vehicle
- 9 Commercial vehicle
- 9.1 Van
- 10 Other car classification terms
- 10.1 Non-English terms
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Vehicles can be categorized in numerous ways. For example, by means of the body style and the "level of commonality in vehicle construction as defined by number of doors and roof treatment (e.g., sedan, convertible, fastback, hatchback) and number of seats" that require seat belts to meet safety regulations.
Regulatory agencies may also establish a vehicle classification system for determining a tax amount. In the United Kingdom, a vehicle is taxed according to the vehicle's construction, engine, weight, type of fuel and emissions, as well as the purpose for which it is used. Other jurisdictions may determine vehicle tax based upon environmental principles, such as the user pays principle. In another example, certain cities in the United States in the 1920s chose to exempt electric-powered vehicles because officials believed those vehicles did not cause "substantial wear upon the pavements."
Another standard for road vehicles of all types that is used internationally (except for Australia, India, and the U.S.), is ISO 3833-1977.
In an example from private enterprise, many car rental companies use[where?] the ACRISS Car Classification Code to describe the size, type and equipment of vehicles to ensure that rental agents can match customer needs to available vehicles, regardless of distance between the agent and the rental company or the languages spoken by either party. In the United States, since 2010 the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety uses a scheme it has developed that takes into account a combination of both vehicle shadow (length times width) and weight.
|Highway Loss Data Institute classification||Definition|
|Regular Two Door||Two door sedans and hatchbacks|
|Regular Four Door||Four door sedans and hatchbacks|
|Station Wagons||Four doors, a rear hatch and four pillars|
|Minivans||Vans with sliding rear doors|
|Sports||Two seaters and cars with significant high performance features|
|Luxury||Relatively expensive cars that are not classified as sports (price in USD to curb weight in pounds more than 9.0 in 2010) (small cars over $27,000, midsize cars over $31,500, large cars over $36,000, etc.)|
|Very Large||Shadow of 110 square feet and over or weight of 4,000 lb (1,814 kg) and over|
|Large||Shadow less than 110 square feet and weight less than 4,000 lb (1,814 kg)|
|Midsize||Shadow less than 100 square feet and weight less than 3,500 lb (1,588 kg)|
|Small||Shadow less than 90 square feet and weight less than 3,000 lb (1,361 kg)|
|Mini||Shadow less than 80 square feet and weight less than 2,500 lb (1,134 kg)|
|Micro||Shadow less than 70 square feet and weight less than 2,000 lb (907 kg)|
The United States National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) separates vehicles into classes by the curb weight of the vehicle with standard equipment including the maximum capacity of fuel, oil, coolant, and air conditioning, if so equipped.
|NHTSA classification||Code||Curb weight|
|Passenger cars: mini||PC/Mi||1,500 to 1,999 lb (680–907 kg)|
|Passenger cars: light||PC/L||2,000 to 2,499 lb (907–1,134 kg)|
|Passenger cars: compact||PC/C||2,500 to 2,999 lb (1,134–1,360 kg)|
|Passenger cars: medium||PC/Me||3,000 to 3,499 lb (1,361–1,587 kg)|
|Passenger cars: heavy||PC/H||3,500 lb (1,588 kg) and over|
|Sport utility vehicles||SUV||–|
The United States Federal Highway Administration has developed a classification scheme used for automatically calculating road use tolls. There are two broad categories depending on whether the vehicle carries passengers or commodities. Vehicles that carry commodities are further subdivided by number of axles and number of units, including both power and trailer units.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) has developed a classification scheme used to compare fuel economy among similar vehicles. Passenger vehicles are classified based on a vehicle's total interior passenger and cargo volumes. Trucks are classified based upon their gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR). Heavy duty vehicles are not included within the EPA scheme.
|EPA car class||Total passenger and cargo volume (cu. ft.)|
|Two-seaters||Any (designed to seat only two adults)|
|Minicompact||Less than 85 cu ft (2,407 l)|
|Subcompact||85 to 99 cu ft (2,407–2,803 l)|
|Compact||100 to 109 cu ft (2,832–3,087 l)|
|Mid-size||110 to 119 cu ft (3,115–3,370 l)|
|Large||120 cu ft (3,398 l) or more|
|Small station wagons||Less than 130 cu ft (3,681 l)|
|Mid-size station wagons||130 to 159 cu ft (3,681–4,502 l)|
|Large station wagons||160 cu ft (4,531 l) or more|
A similar set of classes is used by the Canadian EPA. The Canadian National Collision Database (NCDB) system defines "passenger car" as a unique class, but also identifies two other categories involving passenger vehicles—the "passenger van" and "light utility vehicle"—and these categories are inconsistently handled across the country with the boundaries between the vehicles increasingly blurred.
In Australia, the Federal Chamber of Automotive Industries publishes its own classifications.
Size and usage-based vehicle classification systems worldwide
This is a summary table listing several different methods of vehicle classification.
|The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article, discuss the issue on the talk page. (September 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
| Vehicle Classification |
|Not Well Defined / Vernacular||Defined by Law or Regulation||Examples|
|Market Segment (American English)||Market Segment (British English)||Market Segment (Australian English)||US EPA Size Class||Euro NCAP Structural Category||Euro NCAP Class (1997 - 2009)||Euro Market Segment|
|Microcar||Microcar, Bubble car||N/A||N/A||—||Quadricycle||A-segment mini cars||Bond Bug, Isetta, Mega City, Renault Twizy, REVAi/G-Wiz|
|Subcompact car |
|City car||Microcar||Minicompact||Passenger car||Supermini||Citroën C1, Fiat 500, Hyundai Eon, Mitsubishi i-MiEV, Renault Twingo, Smart Fortwo|
|Supermini||Light Car||Subcompact||B-segment small cars||Ford Fiesta, Kia Rio, Opel Corsa, Peugeot 208, Volkswagen Polo|
|Compact car||Small family car||Small Car||Compact||Small family car||C-segment medium cars||Honda Civic, Mazda3, Peugeot 308, Renault Mégane, Toyota Corolla|
|Mid-size car||Large family car||Medium Car||Mid-size||Large family car||D-segment large cars||Chevrolet Malibu, Ford Fusion, Peugeot 508, Subaru Legacy, Volkswagen Passat|
|Entry-level luxury car||Compact executive car||Medium Car above $60,000||N/A||Acura ILX, Alfa Romeo Giulia, Audi A4, Lexus ES, Mercedes-Benz C-Class|
|Full-size car||Executive car||Large Car||Large||Executive||E-segment executive cars||Chevrolet Impala, Ford Taurus, Mazda Xedos 9, Hyundai Grandeur, Holden Commodore, first and second generation Škoda Superb, Toyota Avalon|
|Mid-size luxury car||Large Car above $70,000||N/A||Audi A6, Cadillac CTS, Chrysler 300, Tesla Model S, Acura TLX|
|Full-size luxury car||Luxury car||Upper Large Car above $100,000||N/A||—||F-segment luxury cars||BMW 7 Series, Lincoln Town Car, Mercedes-Benz S-Class, Porsche Panamera, Audi A8, Maserati Quattroporte|
|Grand tourer||Grand tourer||Sports Car||N/A||—||S-segment sports coupés||Aston Martin DB9, Bentley Continental GT, Ferrari FF, Jaguar XK, Maserati GranTurismo|
|Supercar||Supercar||N/A||—||Bugatti Veyron, LaFerrari, Lamborghini Aventador, Pagani Zonda, Porsche 918 Spyder|
|Convertible||Convertible||N/A||—||BMW 6 Series, Chevrolet Camaro, Mercedes CLK, Volvo C70, Volkswagen Eos|
|Roadster||Roadster||Two-seater||Roadster sports||BMW Z4, Lotus Elise, Mazda MX-5, Porsche Boxster, Mercedes-Benz SLK|
|—||Mini MPV||N/A||Minivan||MPV||Small MPV||M-segment multi purpose cars||Citroen C3 Picasso, Ford B-Max, Opel Meriva, Fiat 500L|
|MPV||Compact MPV||People Mover||Chevrolet Orlando, Ford C-Max, Opel Zafira, Renault Scenic, Volkswagen Touran|
|Minivan||Large MPV||Large MPV||Chrysler Town and Country, Kia Carnival, Citroën C4 Grand Picasso, Renault Espace, Toyota Sienna|
|Cargo van||Van||Van||Cargo van||—||Chevrolet Express 1500 Cargo, Fiat Ducato/Ram ProMaster, Ford Transit, Renault Master, Volkswagen Transporter|
|Passenger van||Minibus||People Mover||Passenger van||—||Chevrolet Express 1500 Passenger, Ford E350 Wagon, Mercedes-Benz Viano|
|Mini SUV||Mini 4x4||Small SUV||Small Sport Utility Vehicle||Off-roader||Small Off-Road 4x4||J-segment sport utility cars (including off-road vehicles)||Daihatsu Terios, Ford Ecosport, Jeep Renegade, Peugeot 2008, Suzuki Jimny|
|Compact SUV||Compact SUV||Medium SUV||Audi Q5, Chevrolet Equinox, Ford Escape, Honda CR-V, Jeep Cherokee, Alfa Romeo Stelvio|
|Mid-size SUV||Large 4x4||Large SUV||Standard Sport Utility Vehicle||Large Off-Road 4x4||Audi Q7, Ford Expedition, Hyundai Santa Fe, Jeep Grand Cherokee, Volkswagen Touareg, Maserati Levante|
|Full-size SUV||Upper Large SUV||Range Rover, Cadillac Escalade, Toyota Land Cruiser|
|Mini pickup truck||Pick-up||Pick-up||Small Pickup Truck||Pickup||Pick-up||—||Chevrolet Montana, Fiat Strada, Renault Duster Oroch, Volkswagen Saveiro|
|Mid-size pickup truck||Ford Ranger, Chevrolet Colorado, Mitsubishi Triton/L200, Nissan Navara, Toyota Hilux|
|Full-size pickup truck||Standard pickup truck||Dodge Ram, Ford F-150, GMC Sierra, Nissan Titan, Toyota Tundra|
|Heavy Duty pickup truck||Chevrolet Silverado HD, Ram Heavy Duty, Ford Super Duty|
|Special purpose vehicle||—||Limousine||Special purpose vehicle||—||—||—||Lincoln MKT Livery|
Economy carMain article: economy car
MicrocarMicrocar Abaca Main articles: Microcar and Bubble car
Straddling the boundary between car and motorbike, these vehicles have engines under 1.0 litre, typically seat only two passengers, and are sometimes unorthodox in construction. Some microcars are three-wheelers, while the majority have four wheels. Microcars were popular in post-war Europe, where their appearance led them to be called "Bubble cars". More recent microcars are often electric powered.
Examples of microcars:
- Smart Fortwo
- Tata Nano
HatchbacksMain article: Hatchback
|This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (July 2013)|
In 2012, Japan's Transport and Tourism Ministry allowed local government to use ultracompact cars as transport for residents and tourists in their limiting areas. The size of ultracompact cars will be less than minicars, but have engine greater than 50cc displacement and able to transport 1 or 2 persons. Ultracompact cars cannot use minicars standard, because of strict safety standards for minicars. The regulation about running capacity and safety performance of ultracompact cars will be published in early autumn. Today, there are cars smaller than ultracompact cars, called category-1 motorized vehicles which it has 50cc displacement or less and only one seat for the driver.
City carCitroën C1 Main articles: City car and Kei car
A city car is a small automobile intended for use in urban areas. Unlike microcars, a city car's greater speed, capacity and (in perception at least) occupant protection are safer in mixed traffic environments and weather conditions. While city cars can reach highway speeds, that is not their intended use. In Japan, city cars are called kei cars. Kei cars have to meet strict size and engine requirements: engines have a maximum displacement of 660 cc and the car's length must be under 3400 mm.
Examples of kei cars:
- Daihatsu Move
- Honda Life
- Suzuki Cervo
Examples of city cars:
- Fiat Panda
- Maruti 800
- Mini (Original 1959 model)
Other small cars:
- Carver One
- Citroën Type C
- Smith Flyer
Supermini/subcompact carRenault Clio IV Main articles: Supermini car and Subcompact car
This class is known as supermini in the UK, subcompact in North America. Superminis have three, four or five doors, and even as an estate shape. They are designed to seat four passengers comfortably. Current supermini hatchbacks are approximately 3900 mm long, while saloons and estate cars are around 4200 mm long. Currently (2013) sedan variants are generally not available in Europe and are marketed at a lower price than hatchback models in North America.
In Europe, the first superminis were the Fiat 500 of 1957 and the Austin Mini of 1959. Superminis can be premium cars, such as the Citroën DS3, named 2010 Car of the Year by Top Gear Magazine. Superminis are some of the best selling vehicles in Europe with 25% of the market shares (2013). In 2007, the Peugeot 207 has been the most sold car in Europe, whereas the best seller is almost systematically a car from the compact segment.
In Australia, the motoring press tends to distinguish between a light car such as the Daihatsu Charade or early models of the Holden Barina, and slightly larger models such as the Ford Fiesta which is considered to be a small car. As the general size of vehicles in this class has gradually increased, the category of light car has almost disappeared.
Examples of superminis/subcompact cars:
- Opel Corsa
- Peugeot 208
- Volkswagen Polo
This category is equivalent to the EuroNCAP class "Superminis".
Family carMain article: family car
Small family car/compact carVolkswagen Golf Main article: Compact car
Small family/compact cars refer to the hatchbacks and shortest saloons and estate cars with similar size. They are approximately 4,250 mm (167 in) long in case of hatchbacks and 4,500 mm (177 in) in the case of saloons and estate cars. Compact cars have room for five adults and usually have engines between 1.4 and 2.2 litres, but some have engines of up to 2.5 litres. Some early "muscle" compacts had optional V8 engines of up to 6.6 liters. These are the most popular vehicles in most developed countries.
Examples of hatchback small family cars/compact cars:
- Peugeot 308
- Toyota Auris
- Renault Megane
This category is equivalent to the EuroNCAP class "Small Family Cars". In Australia, this class is generally referred to as being small-medium sized cars.
Large family / mid-sizeCitroën DS5 Main article: Mid-size car
Traditionally, mid-size cars are sedans, but recently cars such as the Citroën DS5, which is a large hatchback family car, have introduced other body styles.
Saloons / sedansMain article: Sedan (automobile)
Large family / mid-sizeToyota Camry Main article: Mid-size car
A class described as "large family" in Europe and "mid-size" in the USA, these cars have room for five adults and a large trunk (boot). Engines are more powerful than small family/compact cars and six-cylinder engines are more common than in smaller cars. Car sizes vary from region to region; in Europe, large family cars are rarely over 4,700 mm (15.4 ft) long, while in North America, Middle East and Australasia they may be well over 4,800 mm (15.7 ft).
Examples of large family cars/mid-size cars:
- Chevrolet Malibu
- Ford Mondeo
- Kia Optima
This category is equivalent to the EuroNCAP class "Large Family Cars". These are known in Australia as Medium sized cars.
Full size / largeHolden Commodore Main article: Full-size car
This term is used most in North America, Middle East and Australia where it refers to the largest affordable sedans on the market. Full-size cars may be well over 4,900 mm (16.1 ft) long.
Examples of full-size cars:
- Dodge Charger
- Ford Falcon
- Toyota Avalon 
Crossover SUVMitsubishi Outlander Main article: Crossover (automobile)
Crossover SUVs are derived from an automobile platform using a monocoque construction with light off-road capability and lower ground clearance than SUVs. They may be styled similar to conventional "off-roaders", or may be look similar to an estate car or station wagon.
Examples of crossover SUVs:
- Chevrolet Equinox
- Nissan Qashqai
- Tata Aria
Minivans / MPVsRenault Espace, one of the first true minivans Ford C-Max, a compact MPV Opel Meriva a mini MPV Main article: Minivan
Also known as "people carriers", this class of cars resembles tall estate cars. Larger MPVs may have seating for up to eight passengers. (Beyond that size, similar vehicles tend to be derived from vans (see below) and in Europe are called minibuses.)
Being taller than a family car improves visibility for the driver (while reducing visibility for other road users) and may help access for the elderly or disabled. They also offer more seats and increased load capacity than hatchbacks or estate cars.
Examples of mini MPVs:
- Citroën C3 Picasso
- Ford B-Max
- Nissan Note
Examples of compact MPVs:
- Opel Zafira Tourer
- Peugeot 5008
- Renault Scénic
Both categories are equivalent to the EuroNCAP class "Small MPVs".
Examples of large MPVs / minivans:
- Dodge Caravan
- Ford S-Max
This category is equivalent to the EuroNCAP class "MPVs".
Luxury vehicleMain article: Luxury vehicle
Compact executiveLexus IS Main articles: Compact executive car and D-segment
These are luxurious equivalents to mid-size and compact cars. Rear seat room and trunk space are smaller than executive cars simply because of their smaller overall size.
Examples of compact premium cars/entry-level luxury cars:
- Audi A4
- BMW 3 Series
- Buick Regal
This category is equivalent to the EuroNCAP class "Large Family Cars".
Executive/mid-luxuryBMW 5 Series Main articles: Executive car and E-segment
These are luxurious equivalents to full-size cars. This also refers to the largest hatchbacks within the similar length in this class, such as the Porsche Panamera.
Examples of executive cars/mid-luxury cars:
- Peugeot 607
- Jaguar XF
- MG Magnette
This category is equivalent to the EuroNCAP class "Executive Cars".
Full-size luxury / Grand saloonMercedes-Benz S-Class See also: Luxury vehicle and F-segment
Also known as full-size luxury cars, grand saloons, or premium large cars, while "Oberklasse" is used in Germany. Typically a four-door saloon (sedan). These are the most powerful saloons, with six, eight and twelve-cylinder engines and have more equipment than smaller models. Vehicles in this category include some of the models from the flagship lines of luxury car brands, such as Cadillac CT6, Lincoln Town Car and Maserati Quattroporte.
Examples of grand saloons:
- Audi A8
- Lexus LS
- BMW 7-Series
This category is equivalent to the EuroNCAP class "Executive Cars".
Estate cars / station wagonsAudi A6 avant Main article: Station Wagon
A station wagon (also known as an estate or estate car) is an automobile with a body style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof extended rearward over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk lid. The body style transforms a standard three-box design into a two-box design—to include an A, B, and C-pillar, as well as a D-pillar. Station wagons can flexibly reconfigure their interior volume via fold-down rear seats to prioritize either passenger or cargo volume.
Examples of estates/station wagons:
- Hyundai i40 Tourer
- Jaguar XF Sportbrake
- Mercedes-Benz CLS Shooting Brake
Sports carsMain article: Sports car
Hot hatchPeugeot 205 GTI crowned "The Greatest Ever Hot Hatch" Main article: Hot hatch
A hot hatch is a high-performance hatchback, based on standard superminis or small family cars with improved performance, handling and styling. Hot hatches are very popular in Europe, where hatchbacks are by far the most common body style for this size of car. In North America, sport compacts are usually sold as saloons or coupés rather than hatchbacks.
Examples of hot hatches:
- Volkswagen Golf GTi
- Peugeot 205 GTi
- Fiat 500 Abarth
Sports saloon / sports sedanPontiac G8 GT Main article: Sports sedan
These are high-performance versions of saloons. Sometimes originally homologated for production based motorsports (touring cars or rally cars) and like regular saloons, seats four or five people.
Examples of sports saloons/sedans:
- BMW M5
- Mazdaspeed6/Mazda 6 MPS
- Dodge Charger
Examples of sport compact saloons/sedans:
- Dodge SRT-4
- Lotus Cortina
- Mitsubishi EVO
Sports carJaguar E-Type Main article: Sports car
The term "sports car" does not appear to have a clear definition. It is commonly used to describe vehicles which prioritise acceleration and handling; however, some people claim it is also defined as a vehicle with two seats.
A Sports car (sportscar or sport car) is a small, usually two-seat, two-door automobile designed for spirited performance and nimble handling. Sports cars may be spartan or luxurious but high maneuverability and minimum weight are requisite.
Examples of sports cars:
- Chevrolet Corvette
- Mazda MX-5
- Porsche 911
Grand tourerMaserati GranTurismo Main article: Grand tourer
Larger, more powerful and heavier than sports cars, these vehicles typically have a FR layout and seating for four passengers (2+2). These are more expensive than sports cars but not as expensive as supercars. Grand Tourers encompass both luxury and high-performance. Some grand tourers are hand-built.
Examples of grand tourers:
- Aston Martin V8
- Lexus SC300/400
- Ferrari 612 Scaglietti
SupercarLamborghini Countach Main article: Supercar
Supercar is a term generally used for ultra-high-end exotic cars, whose performance is superior to that of its contemporaries. The proper application of the term is subjective and disputed, especially among enthusiasts.
Examples of supercars:
- McLaren P1
- Koenigsegg Agera R
- Bugatti Veyron 16.4
Muscle car1970 The Machine Main article: Muscle car
The muscle car term generally refers to rear wheel drive mid-size cars with powerful V8 engines, manufactured in the U.S. Some definitions limit it to two-door vehicles; however, others include four-door body style versions. Although opinions vary, it is generally accepted that classic muscle cars were produced in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Muscle cars were also produced in Australia and other nations.
Examples of American muscle cars from the 1960s and 1970s:
- Ford Torino
- Plymouth Road Runner
- Pontiac GTO
Examples of Australian muscle cars:
- Ford Falcon
- Holden Monaro
- Valiant Charger
Pony car1966 Ford Mustang Main article: Pony car
The pony car is a class of American automobile launched and inspired by the Ford Mustang in 1964. It describes an affordable, compact, highly styled car with a sporty or performance-oriented image.
Examples of pony cars:
- AMC Javelin
- Chevrolet Camaro
- Dodge Challenger
ConvertibleFull-sized convertible with its fabric covered top folded behind the rear seat Main articles: Convertible and Retractable hardtop
A body design that features a flexibly operating roof for open or enclosed mode driving. Also known as a cabriolet or roadster (if a 2-seater). Historically, convertibles used folding roof structures with fabric or other flexible materials. Some designs have roofs made of metal or other stiff materials that retract into the body.
Examples of cabriolets:
- Mazda MX-5
- Honda S2000
- Volvo C70
Off-roadersMain article: four-wheel drive
Off-road vehicles, or "off-roaders" are sometimes referred to as "four-wheel drives", "four by fours", or 4x4s — this can happen colloquially in cases where certain models or even an entire range does not possess four-wheel drive.
Sport utility vehicleJeep Commander Ford Kuga Main articles: Sport utility vehicle and compact sport utility vehicle
Sport utility vehicles are off-road vehicles with four-wheel drive and true off-road capability. They most often feature high ground clearance and an upright, boxy body design. Sport Utilities are typically defined by a body on frame construction which offers more off-road capability but reduced on-road ride comfort and handling compared to a cross-over or car based utility vehicle.
Examples of compact SUVs:
- Land Rover Freelander
- Jeep Patriot
- Toyota FJ Cruiser
This category is equivalent to the EuroNCAP class "Small Off-Roaders".
Examples of SUVs:
- Land Rover Discovery
- Mitsubishi Pajero
- Mahindra Scorpio
This category is equivalent to the EuroNCAP class "Large Off-Roaders".
Commercial vehicleMain article: Commercial vehicle
VanAmerican conversion van Main article: Van
In some countries, the term "van" can refer to a small panel van based on a passenger car design (often the estate model / station wagon); it also refers to light trucks, which themselves are sometimes based on SUVs or MPVs. (But note that those retaining seats and windows, while being larger and more utilitarian than MPVs, may be called "minibuses".) The term is also used in the term "camper van" (or just "camper") — equivalent to a North American recreational vehicle (RV).
In the United States, the term "van" refers to vehicles that, like European minibuses, are even larger than large MPVs and are rarely seen being driven for domestic purposes — except for "conversion vans". These possess extremely large interior space and are often more intended for hauling cargo than people. Most vans use body-on-frame construction and are thus suitable for extensive modification and coachwork, known as conversion. Conversion vans are often quite luxurious, boasting comfortable seats, soft rides, built-in support for electronics such as television sets, and other amenities. The more elaborate conversion vans straddle the line between cars and recreational vehicles.
Examples of North American "vans":
- Dodge Ram Van
- Ford E-Series
- GMC Savana
Examples of European "vans":
- Ford Transit
- Volkswagen Transporter
- Mercedes-Benz Sprinter
Examples of Japanese "vans"
- Toyota Hiace
- Nissan NV
Other car classification terms
|This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Some non-English language terms are familiar from their use on imported vehicles in English-speaking nations even though the terms have not been adopted into English.Barchetta Italian term for a roadster with no roof. The name, roughly "small boat", comes from an exclamation when the Ferrari 166MM Touring was shown. Berlina Italian term for a sedan. Berline French term for a sedan. Berlinetta Italian term for a sport coupé. Break French term for a station wagon. Camioneta Brazilian Portuguese term for a station wagon (specially in the state of Rio de Janeiro). Spanish term also used in Argentina and Uruguay. Carrinha Portuguese term for a station wagon. Not used in Brazilian Portuguese. Espada Portuguese nickname for a limousine (the same word for Sword – long piece of metal). Not used in Brazilian Portuguese. Furgoneta Spanish and Polish term for a van, in the latter language almost always used in its diminutive form furgonetka. Furgão Portuguese alternative term (less used) for a van. Used in Brazilian Portuguese, most often for vans but sometimes for panel van variants of passenger cars. Kombi is a German abbreviation of "Kombinationswagen" (Combination Car) and it is German name for station wagon. Since Germany is a major producer of cars for many European countries, the term Kombi in this meaning is also used in Swedish, Czech, Slovak, Polish, Slovenian, Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian, Hungarian, Spanish, Portuguese, Bulgarian. In Afrikaans and in Australia, Kombi is also used to refer to a Volkswagen Microbus. In Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay the word specifically refers to the VW Microbus. Perua Brazilian Portuguese term either designating a van (especially as spoken in the city of São Paulo) or a station wagon (in the city of Rio de Janeiro). Turismo Spanish term for a sedan. Literally means tourism, used mostly in Latin American countries and Spain.
- ACRISS Car Classification Code
- Car color
- Car safety and road safety
- Production vehicle
- Truck classification
- Vehicle category
- Vehicle size class
- ^ Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Protection of Environment, PT. 425 699. US: Office of the Federal Register. 2010. p. 862. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
- ^ "Notes About Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency: Tax Classes" (PDF). www.direct.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ Sperling, Daniel; Kurani, Ken (September 2001). Transportation, Energy, and Environmental Policy. Transportation Research Board. p. 230. ISBN 0-309-08571-3. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ Berry, Claude Perrin (1921). The law of automobiles. Callaghan. p. 137. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ International Organization for Standardization. "ISO 3833:1977 Road vehicles – Types – Terms and definitions" (PDF). autoparts-standard.org. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ Technical Appendix, Arlington, Virginia: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute (HLDI), 2010
- ^ "NHTSA 5-Star Ratings FAQ". U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ "FHWA Vehicle Types". U.S. Federal Highway Administration. 5 April 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ "How are vehicle size classes defined?". U.S. Department of Energy. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- ^ "Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999" (PDF). Canada Gazette Part II. 137 (1). Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ Clayton, Alan; Montufar1, Jeannette; Middleton, Dan; McCauley, Bill (August 2000). "Feasibility of a New Vehicle Classification System for Canada" (PDF). U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ "VFACTS Motor Vehicle Classifications and Definitions". Australian FCAI – Federal Chamber of Automotive Industries. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ Alborz, Fallah. "New Car Sales Figures June 2015". Car Advice. Car Advice. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- ^ 40 C.F.R. 600 Subpart D §315-08
- ^ NCAP Comparable cars
- ^ Case No COMP/M.1406 - Hyundai / Kia: Regulation (EEC) No 4064/89 Merger Procedure: Article 6(1)(b) Non-opposition Date: 17/03/1999
- ^ "Ultracompact vehicles to hit Japan's roads this year". 10 July 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ "Japan Seeks to Squelch Its Tiny Cars". New York Times. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- ^ "20 Best Family Vehicle to look for in 2017". Lets drive car. 2017-02-18. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
- ^ "Fuel Economy of the 2010 Toyota Avalon". Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-16.
- ^ "Cadillac CT6 June 2016 Retrieved 2016-07-06". Caranddriver.com. 2016-05-25. Retrieved 2016-07-16.
- ^ "Peugeot 205 GTi Crowned "The Greatest Ever Hot Hatch"". Car Scoop. 16 January 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- ^ Chandler, David. "Definition of a Sports Car". Streetdirectory.com. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ "Sports car – Definition from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ "Sports car – Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ Csere, Csaba; Swan, Tony (January 2005). "10 Best Cars: Best Luxury Sports Car". Car and Driver. Archived from the original on 6 May 2006. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ Koch, Jeff (October 2004). "The First Muscle Car: Older Than You". Hemmings Muscle Machines. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ "Muscle Car Definition". Musclecarclub.com. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ "Simple Definition of muscle car". Merriam-Webster Online. Retrieved 21 May 2016. Any of a group of American-made 2-door sports coupes with powerful engines designed for high-performance driving.
- ^ "Muscle Car Definition: Understand the Requirements". CarsDirect. 27 January 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ "Muscle Car Definition". Muscle Car Club Muscle. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ Sherman, Don (4 June 2006). "Muscle Cars Now Worth Millions". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ "Classic Muscle Cars Library". How Stuff Works. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ "Muscle Car Definition". Muscle Car Society. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ Roy, Rex (27 February 2008). "Car culture: A child's Pony Car education essential". The Detroit News. Archived from the original (fee required) on 12 August 2014.
- ^ Gunnell, John (2005). American Cars of The 1960s: A Decade of Diversity. Krause Publications. pp. 47–50. ISBN 978-0-89689-131-9.
- ^ "Pony Car History". modernponycars.com. Archived from the original on 23 April 2008. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ "Bakkie: definition". Oxforddictionaries.com. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- ^ "Body Styles". aaca.org.
- ^ Haajanen, Lennart W. (2003). CIllustrated Dictionary of Automobile Body Styles. McFarland. p. 29. ISBN 9781476614809. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
- EuroNCAP classifications (unexplained)
|Car classification|| |
|Body styles|| |
|Specialized vehicles|| |
|Drive wheels|| |
|Engine position|| |
|Layout (engine / drive)|| |
|Engine configuration |